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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hákfl 9II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarflokkr 9’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 753-4.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHákonarflokkr
8910

Veitti ‘gave’

2. veita (verb): grant, give

[1] Veitti: so all others, Vænti E

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virða ‘of men’

virðr (noun m.): man

kennings

Göfugr dróttinn virða
‘The glorious lord of men ’
   = KING = Hákon

The glorious lord of men → KING = Hákon
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dróttinn ‘lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

kennings

Göfugr dróttinn virða
‘The glorious lord of men ’
   = KING = Hákon

The glorious lord of men → KING = Hákon
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vík ‘of the inlet’

vík (noun f.): bay < víkeldr (noun m.): [inlet-pyre]

[2] víkelds: ‘vikellr’ G, ‘uikalldr’ 8

kennings

víkelds;
‘of the inlet-pyre; ’
   = GOLD

the inlet-pyre; → GOLD
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elds ‘pyre’

eldr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar): fire < víkeldr (noun m.): [inlet-pyre]

[2] víkelds: ‘vikellr’ G, ‘uikalldr’ 8

kennings

víkelds;
‘of the inlet-pyre; ’
   = GOLD

the inlet-pyre; → GOLD
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gjafir ‘gifts’

gjǫf (noun f.): gift

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ríkjum ‘the mighty’

ríkr (adj.): mighty, powerful, rich

[2] ríkjum: ríkum G, 8, Flat

kennings

ríkjum jöfri Skánunga
‘the mighty prince of the Skánungar ’
   = DANISH KING = Kristófór

the mighty prince of the Skánungar → DANISH KING = Kristófór

notes

[2] ríkjum (m. dat. sg.) ‘mighty’: Here qualifying jöfri Skánunga ‘the prince of the Skánungar’ (l. 4) (so Skj B). Kock (NN §3142) takes it as an otherwise unattested adv. ‘mightily’.

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gull ‘the gold’

gull (noun n.): gold < gullsviptir (noun m.)

[3] gull‑: ‘[…]ull’ G, gulls Flat

kennings

gullsviptir
‘the gold-flinger ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the gold-flinger → GENEROUS MAN
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sviptir ‘flinger’

sviptir (noun m.; °-s): flinger < gullsviptir (noun m.)

kennings

gullsviptir
‘the gold-flinger ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the gold-flinger → GENEROUS MAN
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göfugr ‘The glorious’

gǫfugr (adj.; °gǫfgan/gǫfugan; compar. gǫfgari/gǫfugri, superl. gǫfgastr/gǫfugstr/gǫfugastr): noble, glorious

kennings

Göfugr dróttinn virða
‘The glorious lord of men ’
   = KING = Hákon

The glorious lord of men → KING = Hákon

notes

[4] göfugr ‘glorious’: Skj B and Skald take this adj. with gullsviptir ‘the gold-flinger’ (l. 3), which is also possible but less likely because it would lend glory to the Dan. king and detract from the status of Hákon.

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Skánunga ‘of the Skánungar’

skánungr (noun m.; °; -ar): one of the Skánungar

[4] Skánunga: skánungar 81a, konunga 8

kennings

ríkjum jöfri Skánunga
‘the mighty prince of the Skánungar ’
   = DANISH KING = Kristófór

the mighty prince of the Skánungar → DANISH KING = Kristófór
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jöfri ‘prince’

jǫfurr (noun m.): ruler, prince

kennings

ríkjum jöfri Skánunga
‘the mighty prince of the Skánungar ’
   = DANISH KING = Kristófór

the mighty prince of the Skánungar → DANISH KING = Kristófór
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hilmir ‘The ruler’

hilmir (noun m.): prince, protector

kennings

Hilmir Rauma
‘The ruler of the Raumar ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon

The ruler of the Raumar → NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon
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Rauma ‘of the Raumar’

2. Raumar (noun m.; °-s; -ar): the Raumar

[5] Rauma: nauma G, hranna 8

kennings

Hilmir Rauma
‘The ruler of the Raumar ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon

The ruler of the Raumar → NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon
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ár ‘soon’

4. ár (adv.): of yore, previously, early

[7] ár: ok 81a, at 8

notes

[7] ár ‘soon’: Skj B construes this adv. with the last cl. of the helmingr, which is possible but creates a more awkward w. o. (see NN §1367).

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ólestr ‘unharmed’

ólestr (adj./verb p.p.): undamaged

[8] ólestr: so F, G, Flat, ólestir E, 81a, flestr 8

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ok ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

[8] ok veg mestum: ‘m[…]’ G;    ok: so F, Flat, með E, 81a, 8

notes

[8] ok ‘and’: So F, Flat. Með ‘with’ (so E, 81a, 8) duplicates með ‘with’ in the previous l.

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veg ‘glory’

2. vegr (noun m.; °-s/-ar, dat. -): honour

[8] ok veg mestum: ‘m[…]’ G

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mestum ‘the greatest’

meiri (adj. comp.; °meiran; superl. mestr): more, most

[8] ok veg mestum: ‘m[…]’ G

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

In the summer of 1257, Hákon sailed with a large fleet to Denmark and met with King Kristófór Valdimarsson in Copenhagen. The two kings signed an agreement and parted on excellent terms after exchanging gifts. Hákon then returned to Norway.

For Hákon’s journey to Denmark, see also Giz Hákdr and Sturl Hryn 16-18.

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