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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hákfl 11II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarflokkr 11’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 755.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHákonarflokkr
1011

Þrimr ‘for three’

þrennr (adj.): three(fold)

notes

[1] þrimr náttum ‘for three nights’: Dat. of time, describing the duration of an action (see NS §118b).

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náttum ‘nights’

nátt (noun f.; °náttar/nǽtr, dat. -/-u; nǽtr): night

notes

[1] þrimr náttum ‘for three nights’: Dat. of time, describing the duration of an action (see NS §118b).

Close

kom ‘was brought’

koma (verb; kem, kom/kvam, kominn): come

notes

[1] kom ‘was brought’: Lit. ‘came’.

Close

Þróttar ‘of Þróttr’s’

2. Þróttr (noun m.): Þróttr

kennings

Þróttar þinghlynr
‘assembly-maple of Þróttr’
   = WARRIOR = Hákon

Þróttr’s assembly → BATTLE
The maple of the BATTLE → WARRIOR = Hákon
Close

Þróttar ‘of Þróttr’s’

2. Þróttr (noun m.): Þróttr

kennings

Þróttar þinghlynr
‘assembly-maple of Þróttr’
   = WARRIOR = Hákon

Þróttr’s assembly → BATTLE
The maple of the BATTLE → WARRIOR = Hákon
Close

þing ‘ assembly’

þing (noun n.; °-s; -): meeting, assembly < þinghlynr (noun m.)

kennings

Þróttar þinghlynr
‘assembly-maple of Þróttr’
   = WARRIOR = Hákon

Þróttr’s assembly → BATTLE
The maple of the BATTLE → WARRIOR = Hákon
Close

þing ‘ assembly’

þing (noun n.; °-s; -): meeting, assembly < þinghlynr (noun m.)

kennings

Þróttar þinghlynr
‘assembly-maple of Þróttr’
   = WARRIOR = Hákon

Þróttr’s assembly → BATTLE
The maple of the BATTLE → WARRIOR = Hákon
Close

hlynr ‘The maple’

hlynr (noun m.; °-s): maple < þinghlynr (noun m.)

kennings

Þróttar þinghlynr
‘assembly-maple of Þróttr’
   = WARRIOR = Hákon

Þróttr’s assembly → BATTLE
The maple of the BATTLE → WARRIOR = Hákon
Close

Björgynjar ‘Bergen’

Bjǫrgyn (noun f.): [Bergen]

Close

ófs ‘of the sword’

ófr (noun m.): [sword, bounteous]

kennings

ófs dynviðir
‘the din-trees of the sword’
   = WARRIORS

the din of the sword → BATTLE
the trees of the BATTLE → WARRIORS

notes

[4] ófs ‘of the sword’: This translation is conjectural (see LP: ófr). The gen. sg. of óf (n.), ófs ‘exceedingly’, is normally used adverbially as an intensifier (see LP: óf).

Close

ófs ‘of the sword’

ófr (noun m.): [sword, bounteous]

kennings

ófs dynviðir
‘the din-trees of the sword’
   = WARRIORS

the din of the sword → BATTLE
the trees of the BATTLE → WARRIORS

notes

[4] ófs ‘of the sword’: This translation is conjectural (see LP: ófr). The gen. sg. of óf (n.), ófs ‘exceedingly’, is normally used adverbially as an intensifier (see LP: óf).

Close

dyn ‘of the din’

dynr (noun m.; °dat. -; -ir): din < dynviðr (noun m.)

kennings

ófs dynviðir
‘the din-trees of the sword’
   = WARRIORS

the din of the sword → BATTLE
the trees of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

dyn ‘of the din’

dynr (noun m.; °dat. -; -ir): din < dynviðr (noun m.)

kennings

ófs dynviðir
‘the din-trees of the sword’
   = WARRIORS

the din of the sword → BATTLE
the trees of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

viðir ‘the trees’

1. viðr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -u/-i): wood, tree < dynviðr (noun m.)

kennings

ófs dynviðir
‘the din-trees of the sword’
   = WARRIORS

the din of the sword → BATTLE
the trees of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

Margr ‘Many’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many

kennings

Margr fergir málma
‘Many a subjugator of weapons ’
   = WARRIOR

Many a subjugator of weapons → WARRIOR
Close

stóð ‘stood’

standa (verb): stand

Close

málma ‘of weapons’

malmr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): metal

kennings

Margr fergir málma
‘Many a subjugator of weapons ’
   = WARRIOR

Many a subjugator of weapons → WARRIOR

notes

[5] fergir málma ‘subjugator of weapons [WARRIOR]’: So F. Skerðir málma ‘diminisher of weapons’ (so Flat) fails to provide necessary internal rhyme (-arg- : -erg-).

Close

fergir ‘a subjugator’

fergir (noun m.): destroyer

[5] fergir: skerðir Flat

kennings

Margr fergir málma
‘Many a subjugator of weapons ’
   = WARRIOR

Many a subjugator of weapons → WARRIOR

notes

[5] fergir málma ‘subjugator of weapons [WARRIOR]’: So F. Skerðir málma ‘diminisher of weapons’ (so Flat) fails to provide necessary internal rhyme (-arg- : -erg-).

Close

lýða ‘of men’

lýðr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ir): one of the people

kennings

grams lýða;
‘of the lord of men; ’
   = KING

the lord of men; → KING
Close

grams ‘of the lord’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

kennings

grams lýða;
‘of the lord of men; ’
   = KING

the lord of men; → KING
Close

yfir ‘above’

yfir (prep.): over

Close

váta ‘wet’

vátr (adj.): wet

Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Hákon died in Orkney on 16 December 1263, and he was buried temporarily in the Cathedral of S. Magnús. On 5 March 1264 the body was exhumed and brought to Norway. He was reburied on 22 March in the choir of Kristkirken in Bergen.

The sentiments expressed in this st. echo the grief that people felt at the burial of Magnús inn góði Óláfsson (Mgóð). See Ókík Magn 2.

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