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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hákkv 38II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða 38’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 726-7.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHákonarkviða
3738

geðsteinn ‘The mind-stone’

geðsteinn (noun m.): [mind-stone]

kennings

Geðsteinn
‘The mind-stone ’
   = HEART

The mind-stone → HEART
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gauzkum ‘of the Gautish’

gauzkr (adj.): Gautish

[2] gauzkum manni: gauzkra manna Flat

notes

[2] gauzkum manni ‘of the Gautish men’: Lit. ‘of the Gautish man’ (sg.).

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manni ‘men’

maðr (noun m.): man, person

[2] gauzkum manni: gauzkra manna Flat

notes

[2] gauzkum manni ‘of the Gautish men’: Lit. ‘of the Gautish man’ (sg.).

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styrjar ‘of unrest’

styrr (noun m.; °dat. -): battle

[3] styrjar: var styrjar Flat

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stund ‘in that moment’

stund (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir): time, hour

[3] stund: so 42ˣ, 81a, 8, Flat, stundi E, lundi F

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í ‘by’

í (prep.): in, into

notes

[4] drepinn í stall ‘struck by fear’: For this expression, see Note to Arn Þorfdr 7/5, 8. According to the saga, the Gautar were afraid that the peace agreement would fail and that Hákon would harry in their country (E 1916, 632): ok miok voro þeir hræddir ef haufðingiarnir sættiz æigi at Noʀegs konungr mundi gera stor heruirki i landi þeiʀa ‘and they were very much afraid that if the chieftains did not come to an agreement, the king of Norway would harry extensively in their country’.

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stall ‘fear’

stallr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): seat, stall, support

[4] stall: ‘stalld’ Flat

notes

[4] drepinn í stall ‘struck by fear’: For this expression, see Note to Arn Þorfdr 7/5, 8. According to the saga, the Gautar were afraid that the peace agreement would fail and that Hákon would harry in their country (E 1916, 632): ok miok voro þeir hræddir ef haufðingiarnir sættiz æigi at Noʀegs konungr mundi gera stor heruirki i landi þeiʀa ‘and they were very much afraid that if the chieftains did not come to an agreement, the king of Norway would harry extensively in their country’.

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drepinn ‘struck’

drepa (verb; °drepr; drap, drápu; drepinn): kill, strike

[4] drepinn: so all others, drepit E

notes

[4] drepinn í stall ‘struck by fear’: For this expression, see Note to Arn Þorfdr 7/5, 8. According to the saga, the Gautar were afraid that the peace agreement would fail and that Hákon would harry in their country (E 1916, 632): ok miok voro þeir hræddir ef haufðingiarnir sættiz æigi at Noʀegs konungr mundi gera stor heruirki i landi þeiʀa ‘and they were very much afraid that if the chieftains did not come to an agreement, the king of Norway would harry extensively in their country’.

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ógnstórr ‘the awe-inspiring’

ógnstórr (adj.): [awe-inspiring]

kennings

ógnstórr gramr Svía
‘the awe-inspiring lord of the Swedes ’
   = SWEDISH RULER = Birgir

the awe-inspiring lord of the Swedes → SWEDISH RULER = Birgir

notes

[3] ógnstórr gramr Svía ‘the awe-inspiring lord of the Swedes [SWEDISH RULER = Birgir]’: Taken here to refer to Jarl Birgir Magnússon. Skj B gives the translation den kampmæktige Svea-konge ‘the pugnacious king of the Swedes’ (i.e. Eiríkr Eiríksson). However, Eiríkr was not present at this meeting, and Birgir was leading the negotiations on his behalf. Eiríkr Eiríksson ruled Sweden 1222-9 and 1234-50. Birgir Magnússon (d. 1266) was married to Ingibjǫrg, Eiríkr’s sister, and he was the father of Valdimarr who succeeded Eiríkr to the Swed. throne.

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játat ‘agreed’

1. játa (verb): agree

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hafði ‘had’

hafa (verb): have

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Svía ‘of the Swedes’

svíar (noun m.): Swedes

kennings

ógnstórr gramr Svía
‘the awe-inspiring lord of the Swedes ’
   = SWEDISH RULER = Birgir

the awe-inspiring lord of the Swedes → SWEDISH RULER = Birgir

notes

[3] ógnstórr gramr Svía ‘the awe-inspiring lord of the Swedes [SWEDISH RULER = Birgir]’: Taken here to refer to Jarl Birgir Magnússon. Skj B gives the translation den kampmæktige Svea-konge ‘the pugnacious king of the Swedes’ (i.e. Eiríkr Eiríksson). However, Eiríkr was not present at this meeting, and Birgir was leading the negotiations on his behalf. Eiríkr Eiríksson ruled Sweden 1222-9 and 1234-50. Birgir Magnússon (d. 1266) was married to Ingibjǫrg, Eiríkr’s sister, and he was the father of Valdimarr who succeeded Eiríkr to the Swed. throne.

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gramr ‘lord’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

kennings

ógnstórr gramr Svía
‘the awe-inspiring lord of the Swedes ’
   = SWEDISH RULER = Birgir

the awe-inspiring lord of the Swedes → SWEDISH RULER = Birgir

notes

[3] ógnstórr gramr Svía ‘the awe-inspiring lord of the Swedes [SWEDISH RULER = Birgir]’: Taken here to refer to Jarl Birgir Magnússon. Skj B gives the translation den kampmæktige Svea-konge ‘the pugnacious king of the Swedes’ (i.e. Eiríkr Eiríksson). However, Eiríkr was not present at this meeting, and Birgir was leading the negotiations on his behalf. Eiríkr Eiríksson ruled Sweden 1222-9 and 1234-50. Birgir Magnússon (d. 1266) was married to Ingibjǫrg, Eiríkr’s sister, and he was the father of Valdimarr who succeeded Eiríkr to the Swed. throne.

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siklings ‘to the ruler’s’

siklingr (noun m.; °; -ar): king, ruler

notes

[8] boði siklings ‘the ruler’s offer’: Hákon offered to marry his son, Hákon ungi ‘the Young’, to Birgir’s young daughter Ríkiza, and they agreed that there should be peace between Norway and Sweden and that the Swedes should no longer harbour any enemies of the Norw. king.

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boði ‘offer’

boð (noun n.; °-s; -): command, offer, feast

notes

[8] boði siklings ‘the ruler’s offer’: Hákon offered to marry his son, Hákon ungi ‘the Young’, to Birgir’s young daughter Ríkiza, and they agreed that there should be peace between Norway and Sweden and that the Swedes should no longer harbour any enemies of the Norw. king.

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When the Gautar saw Hákon’s splendid fleet, they were afraid (see st. 37 above).

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