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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hákkv 26II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða 26’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 719.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHákonarkviða
252627

ríða ‘spread’

2. ríða (verb): twist, rub, press (Cf. OE wrīðan)

[2] ríða: rísa 42ˣ, renna 8

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knátti ‘’

knega (verb): to know, understand, be able to

[2] knátti: ‘gnadí’ 81a

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Hörða ‘of the Hǫrðar’

Hǫrðar (noun m.): the Hǫrðar

[3] Hörða: vörsa Flat

kennings

grams Hörða
‘of the lord of the Hǫrðar ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon

the lord of the Hǫrðar → NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon

notes

[3-4] grams Hörða ... með himinskautum, ‘of the lord of the Hǫrðar [NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon] … along the corners of heaven’: The reading of Flat, which is metrically and contextually possible, can be construed as follows: grams Vörsameð vellskötum ‘of the lord of the Vǫrsar [NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon] … among generous men’ (see LP: vellskati).

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grams ‘of the lord’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

kennings

grams Hörða
‘of the lord of the Hǫrðar ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon

the lord of the Hǫrðar → NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon

notes

[3-4] grams Hörða ... með himinskautum, ‘of the lord of the Hǫrðar [NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon] … along the corners of heaven’: The reading of Flat, which is metrically and contextually possible, can be construed as follows: grams Vörsameð vellskötum ‘of the lord of the Vǫrsar [NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon] … among generous men’ (see LP: vellskati).

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með ‘along’

með (prep.): with

notes

[3-4] grams Hörða ... með himinskautum, ‘of the lord of the Hǫrðar [NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon] … along the corners of heaven’: The reading of Flat, which is metrically and contextually possible, can be construed as follows: grams Vörsameð vellskötum ‘of the lord of the Vǫrsar [NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon] … among generous men’ (see LP: vellskati).

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himin ‘the corners’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky < himinskaut (noun n.)

[4] himin‑: om. 81a, vell‑ Flat

notes

[3-4] grams Hörða ... með himinskautum, ‘of the lord of the Hǫrðar [NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon] … along the corners of heaven’: The reading of Flat, which is metrically and contextually possible, can be construed as follows: grams Vörsameð vellskötum ‘of the lord of the Vǫrsar [NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon] … among generous men’ (see LP: vellskati).

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skautum ‘of heaven’

skaut (noun n.; °; -): sail < himinskaut (noun n.)

notes

[3-4] grams Hörða ... með himinskautum, ‘of the lord of the Hǫrðar [NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon] … along the corners of heaven’: The reading of Flat, which is metrically and contextually possible, can be construed as follows: grams Vörsameð vellskötum ‘of the lord of the Vǫrsar [NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon] … among generous men’ (see LP: vellskati).

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hvé ‘how’

hvé (pron.): how

[5] hvé: so 8, hversu all others

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völsungr ‘the king’

vǫlsungr (noun m.; °; -ar): sovereign, Vǫlsung

notes

[5] völsungr ‘the king’: Lit. ‘descendent of Vǫlsungr’, the father of Sigmundr and the grandfather of Sigurðr the Dragon-slayer. Given as a heiti for ‘ruler, magnate’ in SnE (Skm, SnE 1998, I, 103).

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veita ‘entertained’

2. veita (verb): grant, give

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knátti ‘’

knega (verb): to know, understand, be able to

[6] knátti: gáði 8, mátti Flat

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sæmðar ‘on the glorious’

sœmð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): honour < sœmðardagr (noun m.)

[7] sæmðar‑: valinn Flat

notes

[7-8] sæmðardag vígslu sinnar ‘on the glorious day of his consecration’: Flat gives valinn dag | vígslu sinnar ‘on the chosen day of his consecration’, which is metrically and contextually possible but not supported by the other ms. witnesses.

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dag ‘ day’

dagr (noun m.; °-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar): day < sœmðardagr (noun m.)

notes

[7-8] sæmðardag vígslu sinnar ‘on the glorious day of his consecration’: Flat gives valinn dag | vígslu sinnar ‘on the chosen day of his consecration’, which is metrically and contextually possible but not supported by the other ms. witnesses.

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sinnar ‘of his’

3. sinn (pron.; °f. sín, n. sitt): (refl. poss. pron.)

[8] sinnar vígslu: so 42ˣ, 81a, 8, sinnar veizlu F, vígslu sinnar Flat

notes

[7-8] sæmðardag vígslu sinnar ‘on the glorious day of his consecration’: Flat gives valinn dag | vígslu sinnar ‘on the chosen day of his consecration’, which is metrically and contextually possible but not supported by the other ms. witnesses.

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vígslu ‘consecration’

vígsla (noun f.; °-u; -ur): [consecration]

[8] sinnar vígslu: so 42ˣ, 81a, 8, sinnar veizlu F, vígslu sinnar Flat

notes

[7-8] sæmðardag vígslu sinnar ‘on the glorious day of his consecration’: Flat gives valinn dag | vígslu sinnar ‘on the chosen day of his consecration’, which is metrically and contextually possible but not supported by the other ms. witnesses.

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After his coronation, Hákon hosted a three-day long magnificent feast in Bergen.

This and the following st. are not recorded in E, and F is the main ms. Also note that the readings of the mss vary significantly, especially those given in Flat.

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