skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

Menu Search

Sturl Hákkv 22II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða 22’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 715-16.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHákonarkviða
212223

Þar ‘There’

þar (adv.): there

[1] Þar: om. Flat

Close

sig ‘battle’

1. sig (noun n.): [battle] < sighljóð (noun n.)

[1] sig‑: sigr‑ F, 81a, 8, Flat, liggr 42ˣ

notes

[1] sighljóð ‘battle-songs’: So E. Sigrhljóð ‘victory-songs’ (so F, 81a, 8, Flat) is also possible.

Close

hljóð ‘songs’

hljóð (noun n.; °-s; -): sound, silence, a hearing < sighljóð (noun n.)

notes

[1] sighljóð ‘battle-songs’: So E. Sigrhljóð ‘victory-songs’ (so F, 81a, 8, Flat) is also possible.

Close

syngja ‘sang’

syngja (verb): sing

[2] syngja: syngva F, Flat

Close

knáttu ‘’

knega (verb): to know, understand, be able to

[2] knáttu: náðu 81a, knátti 8

Close

harða ‘very’

harðr (adj.; °comp. -ari; superl. -astr): hard, harsh

[3] harða: harðla 42ˣ, Flat

Close

hvössum ‘with a sharp’

hvass (adj.; °-an; -ari, -astr): keen, sharp

[4] hvössum: ‘ho᷎rsum’ 8

Close

herför ‘the army-campaign’

herfǫr (noun f.): war-expedition

Close

of ‘around’

3. of (prep.): around, from; too

[6] of: um 81a, om. Flat

notes

[6] of höfuð manna ‘around the heads of men’: The cpd höfuðsmanna (gen. pl.) ‘of leaders’ (so F, 42ˣ, 8, Flat) is ungrammatical because the prep. of ‘around’ does not take the gen.

Close

höfuð ‘the heads’

hǫfuð (noun n.; °-s; -): head

[6] höfuð: höfuðs F, 42ˣ, 8, Flat

notes

[6] of höfuð manna ‘around the heads of men’: The cpd höfuðsmanna (gen. pl.) ‘of leaders’ (so F, 42ˣ, 8, Flat) is ungrammatical because the prep. of ‘around’ does not take the gen.

Close

manna ‘of men’

maðr (noun m.): man, person

notes

[6] of höfuð manna ‘around the heads of men’: The cpd höfuðsmanna (gen. pl.) ‘of leaders’ (so F, 42ˣ, 8, Flat) is ungrammatical because the prep. of ‘around’ does not take the gen.

Close

Högna ‘of Hǫgni’s’

Hǫgni (noun m.): [Hǫgni, Högni]

kennings

dísir hlýrna mans Högna
‘the dísir of the sun and moon of Hǫgni’s girl ’
   = VALKYRIES

Hǫgni’s girl → Hildr
the sun and moon of HILDR → SHIELDS
the dísir of SHIELDS → VALKYRIES

notes

[7] mans Högna ‘of Hǫgni’s <legendary hero’s> girl [= Hildr (hildr ‘battle’)]’: Hildr was the daughter of Hǫgni, and she figured prominently in the so-called Hjaðningavíg ‘battle of the Hjaðningar’ (see SnE 1998, I, 72-3). Hildr was also the name of a valkyrie, and ON hildr means ‘battle’.

Close

Högna ‘of Hǫgni’s’

Hǫgni (noun m.): [Hǫgni, Högni]

kennings

dísir hlýrna mans Högna
‘the dísir of the sun and moon of Hǫgni’s girl ’
   = VALKYRIES

Hǫgni’s girl → Hildr
the sun and moon of HILDR → SHIELDS
the dísir of SHIELDS → VALKYRIES

notes

[7] mans Högna ‘of Hǫgni’s <legendary hero’s> girl [= Hildr (hildr ‘battle’)]’: Hildr was the daughter of Hǫgni, and she figured prominently in the so-called Hjaðningavíg ‘battle of the Hjaðningar’ (see SnE 1998, I, 72-3). Hildr was also the name of a valkyrie, and ON hildr means ‘battle’.

Close

Högna ‘of Hǫgni’s’

Hǫgni (noun m.): [Hǫgni, Högni]

kennings

dísir hlýrna mans Högna
‘the dísir of the sun and moon of Hǫgni’s girl ’
   = VALKYRIES

Hǫgni’s girl → Hildr
the sun and moon of HILDR → SHIELDS
the dísir of SHIELDS → VALKYRIES

notes

[7] mans Högna ‘of Hǫgni’s <legendary hero’s> girl [= Hildr (hildr ‘battle’)]’: Hildr was the daughter of Hǫgni, and she figured prominently in the so-called Hjaðningavíg ‘battle of the Hjaðningar’ (see SnE 1998, I, 72-3). Hildr was also the name of a valkyrie, and ON hildr means ‘battle’.

Close

mans ‘girl’

man (noun n.): girl

kennings

dísir hlýrna mans Högna
‘the dísir of the sun and moon of Hǫgni’s girl ’
   = VALKYRIES

Hǫgni’s girl → Hildr
the sun and moon of HILDR → SHIELDS
the dísir of SHIELDS → VALKYRIES

notes

[7] mans Högna ‘of Hǫgni’s <legendary hero’s> girl [= Hildr (hildr ‘battle’)]’: Hildr was the daughter of Hǫgni, and she figured prominently in the so-called Hjaðningavíg ‘battle of the Hjaðningar’ (see SnE 1998, I, 72-3). Hildr was also the name of a valkyrie, and ON hildr means ‘battle’.

Close

mans ‘girl’

man (noun n.): girl

kennings

dísir hlýrna mans Högna
‘the dísir of the sun and moon of Hǫgni’s girl ’
   = VALKYRIES

Hǫgni’s girl → Hildr
the sun and moon of HILDR → SHIELDS
the dísir of SHIELDS → VALKYRIES

notes

[7] mans Högna ‘of Hǫgni’s <legendary hero’s> girl [= Hildr (hildr ‘battle’)]’: Hildr was the daughter of Hǫgni, and she figured prominently in the so-called Hjaðningavíg ‘battle of the Hjaðningar’ (see SnE 1998, I, 72-3). Hildr was also the name of a valkyrie, and ON hildr means ‘battle’.

Close

mans ‘girl’

man (noun n.): girl

kennings

dísir hlýrna mans Högna
‘the dísir of the sun and moon of Hǫgni’s girl ’
   = VALKYRIES

Hǫgni’s girl → Hildr
the sun and moon of HILDR → SHIELDS
the dísir of SHIELDS → VALKYRIES

notes

[7] mans Högna ‘of Hǫgni’s <legendary hero’s> girl [= Hildr (hildr ‘battle’)]’: Hildr was the daughter of Hǫgni, and she figured prominently in the so-called Hjaðningavíg ‘battle of the Hjaðningar’ (see SnE 1998, I, 72-3). Hildr was also the name of a valkyrie, and ON hildr means ‘battle’.

Close

hlýrna ‘of the sun and moon’

hlýrnir (noun m.): heaven, heavenly body

kennings

dísir hlýrna mans Högna
‘the dísir of the sun and moon of Hǫgni’s girl ’
   = VALKYRIES

Hǫgni’s girl → Hildr
the sun and moon of HILDR → SHIELDS
the dísir of SHIELDS → VALKYRIES

notes

[8] hlýrna ‘of the sun and moon’: The pl. of hlýrn ‘sun, moon’ refers to both celestial bodies.

Close

hlýrna ‘of the sun and moon’

hlýrnir (noun m.): heaven, heavenly body

kennings

dísir hlýrna mans Högna
‘the dísir of the sun and moon of Hǫgni’s girl ’
   = VALKYRIES

Hǫgni’s girl → Hildr
the sun and moon of HILDR → SHIELDS
the dísir of SHIELDS → VALKYRIES

notes

[8] hlýrna ‘of the sun and moon’: The pl. of hlýrn ‘sun, moon’ refers to both celestial bodies.

Close

dísirdísir

dís (noun f.; °; -ir): dís, woman

kennings

dísir hlýrna mans Högna
‘the dísir of the sun and moon of Hǫgni’s girl ’
   = VALKYRIES

Hǫgni’s girl → Hildr
the sun and moon of HILDR → SHIELDS
the dísir of SHIELDS → VALKYRIES
Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

As the battle drew to a close, Skúli’s men tried to seek refuge in the church, but so many attempted to enter at the same time that they could not get through the door. They fell so densely that three or four lay dead on top of one another.

Close

Log in

This service is only available to members of the relevant projects, and to purchasers of the skaldic volumes published by Brepols.
This service uses cookies. By logging in you agree to the use of cookies on your browser.

Close

Stanza/chapter/text segment

Use the buttons at the top of the page to navigate between stanzas in a poem.

Information tab

Interactive tab

The text and translation are given here, with buttons to toggle whether the text is shown in the verse order or prose word order. Clicking on indiviudal words gives dictionary links, variant readings, kennings and notes, where relevant.

Full text tab

This is the text of the edition in a similar format to how the edition appears in the printed volumes.

Chapter/text segment

This view is also used for chapters and other text segments. Not all the headings shown are relevant to such sections.