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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hákkv 13II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða 13’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 709-10.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHákonarkviða
121314

Skriðu hafraukn
und höfuðsmanni
inn í botn
Óslófjarðar,
þar er vegstór
fyr vígliði
Skúla öld
of skipaz hafði.

{Hafraukn} skriðu und höfuðsmanni inn í botn Óslófjarðar, þar er vegstór öld Skúla hafði of skipaz fyr vígliði.

{The ocean’s draught-animals} [SHIPS] glided beneath the leader into the head of Oslofjorden where Skúli’s men, great in honour, had arrayed themselves against the battle-host.

Mss: E(175v), F(110rb), 42ˣ(160v), 81a(107vb), 8(55r), Flat(178rb) (Hák)

Readings: [1] ‑raukn: so F, 8, ‘‑frækn’ E, ‘‑rækn’ 42ˣ, ‘‑rokn’ 81a, ‘fræk’ Flat    [2] höfuðs‑: höfuð 81a, Flat, ‘ho᷎fundz’ 8    [3] botn: botni 42ˣ, þotn 81a    [5] þar: þar þar 81a, þá Flat;    veg‑: víg‑ Flat;    ‑stór: so F, 81a, ‑stórr E, 42ˣ, 8, Flat    [8] of: um 81a, Flat, af 8;    skipaz: so 81a, 8, Flat, skipat E, F, 42ˣ

Editions: Skj AII, 112, Skj BII, 121, Skald II, 65, NN §1353; E 1916, 599, F 1871, 512, Hák 1910-86, 550, Hák 1977-82, 122, Flat 1860-8, III, 147.

Context: On the occasion described in sts 11-12 above, Hákon sailed past Vrengen (by Tønsberg) and joined the rest of his fleet, under the leadership of Jarl Knútr Hákonarson, at Bevøysund (near Moss). The entire force then sailed towards Oslo.

Notes: [All]: For this event, see also Ólhv Hryn 9. — [2] höfuðsmanni ‘the leader’: Cf. Gísl Magnkv 14/4. — [6, 8] hafði of skipaz fyr vígliði ‘had arrayed themselves against the battle-host’: So NN §1353. Skj B retains the reading of E, F, 42ˣ (of skipat (l. 8)) and gives the following translation: havde opstillet deres mandskab, rede til kamp ‘had arrayed their troops, ready for fight’. As Kock points out, the syntax of that ON cl. is not clear (the verb skipa ‘array’ requires an object, and öld Skúla ‘Skúli’s men’ (l. 7) is the subject). The E, F, 42ˣ version of this helmingr must be an attempt at syntactic simplification, treating vegstórr (m. nom. sg.) ‘the one great in honour’ (l. 5) as the subject of the cl.: þá er vegstórr hafði of skipat öld Skúla fyr vígliði ‘when the one great in honour (i.e. Skúli) had arrayed Skúli’s men against the battle-host’.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  6. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  7. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.
  8. Hák 1977-82 = Mundt, Marina, ed. 1977. Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar etter Sth. 8 fol., AM 325VIII, 4° og AM 304, 4°. Oslo: Forlagsentralen. Suppl. by James E. Knirk, Rettelser til Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar etter Sth. 8 fol., AM 325VIII, 4° og AM 304, 4°. Norrøne tekster 2. Oslo: Norsk historisk kjeldeskrift-institutt, 1982.
  9. Hák 1910-86 = Kjær, Albert and Ludvig Holm-Olsen, eds. 1910-86. Det Arnamagnæanske haandskrift 81a fol. (Skálholtsbók yngsta) indeholdende Sverris saga, Bǫglungasǫgur, Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar. Oslo: Den norske historiske kildeskriftkommission and Kjeldeskriftfondet.
  10. Internal references
  11. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Gísl Illugason, Erfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr 14’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 426.
  12. Lauren Goetting (ed.) 2009, ‘Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda 9’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 666.
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