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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Steinn Óldr 10II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Steinn Herdísarson, Óláfsdrápa 10’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 376.

Steinn HerdísarsonÓláfsdrápa
91011

Gengu danskir drengir
(dynr varð gǫrr) með brynjur
útanborðs til jarðar
(úrigs malms) ok hjalma.
Sukku sárir rekkar
sunnan hafs til grunna;
hár varp hausum þeira
hranngarðr á þrǫm jarðar.

Danskir drengir gengu útanborðs til jarðar með brynjur ok hjalma; {dynr úrigs malms} varð gǫrr. Sárir rekkar sukku til grunna sunnan hafs; {hár hranngarðr} varp hausum þeira á þrǫm jarðar.

Danish warriors went overboard [and sank] to the bottom with byrnies and helmets; {the din of wet metal} [BATTLE] was over. Wounded champions sank to the shallows south of the sea; {the high wave-enclosure} [SEA] threw their skulls onto the edge of the earth.

Mss: Mork(20r) (Mork); H(78v), Hr(55va) (H-Hr)

Readings: [4] úrigs: ‘uríks’ H, ‘vriks’ Hr;    malms: ‘máls’ H    [6] sunnan: sunna Hr;    hafs: niðr Hr

Editions: Skj AI, 411, Skj BI, 380-1, Skald I, 189; Mork 1867, 124, Mork 1928-32, 288, Andersson and Gade 2000, 279, 483 (Ólkyrr); Fms 6, 436 (Ólkyrr ch. 1).

Context: As sts 7-9 above. H-Hr creates a new prose environment from the content of the st.

Notes: [6] sunnan hafs ‘south of the sea’: Steinn most likely composed Óldr in Norway, and ‘the sea’ would then refer to northern part of the Kattegat (north-west of Halland and south of Norway). — [8] á þrǫm jarðar ‘onto the edge of the earth’: I.e. ‘onto the shore’.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  5. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  6. Mork 1867 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1867. Morkinskinna: Pergamentsbog fra første halvdel af det trettende aarhundrede. Indeholdende en af de ældste optegnelser af norske kongesagaer. Oslo: Bentzen.
  7. Internal references
  8. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hulda and Hrokkinskinna (H-Hr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
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