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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Leið 38VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Leiðarvísan 38’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 173.

Anonymous PoemsLeiðarvísan
373839

fyrðar ‘men’

2. fyrðr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -): man

notes

[1] fyrðar (m. nom. pl.) ‘men’: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) emends to fyrða (gen. pl.) ‘of men’, which he construes with faðir (l. 2) to form the God-kenning faðir fyrða ‘father of men’. This kenning then forms part of the intercalary cl. ok vili faðir fyrða skilja svá ‘and may the father of men be willing to decide so’. Kock (NN §3251) retains Finnur Jónsson’s emendation, which he takes as acc. pl. He construes the intercalary cl. ok faðir vili skilja svá fyrða ‘and may the father be willing to divide men thus’, understanding skilja in the sense ‘divide’ rather than ‘decide’. It is possible, however, to retain the ms. reading fyrðar and assume a double subject ‘other men and I’, whom the poet wishes to be among the saved at the Last Judgement (on the right hand of God). The intercalary cl. then underlines this wish.

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vili ‘be willing’

vilja (verb): want, intend

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faðir ‘the Father’

faðir (noun m.): father

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hilmis ‘ruler’

hilmir (noun m.): prince, protector

kennings

frægs hilmis allra landa —
‘of the famous ruler of all lands — may ’
   = God

the famous ruler of all lands — may → God
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frægs ‘of the famous’

frægr (adj.; °-jan/-an; compar. -ri, superl. -jastr/-astr/-str): famous, renowned

kennings

frægs hilmis allra landa —
‘of the famous ruler of all lands — may ’
   = God

the famous ruler of all lands — may → God
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allra ‘of all’

allr (adj.): all

kennings

frægs hilmis allra landa —
‘of the famous ruler of all lands — may ’
   = God

the famous ruler of all lands — may → God
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landa ‘lands’

land (noun n.; °-s; *-): land

kennings

frægs hilmis allra landa —
‘of the famous ruler of all lands — may ’
   = God

the famous ruler of all lands — may → God
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dýrstr ‘the most dear’

dýrr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -str/-astr): precious

kennings

dýrstr jǫfurr dagskeiðs
‘the most dear prince of the day-course ’
   = God

the day-course → SKY/HEAVEN
the most dear prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
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dag ‘of the day’

dagr (noun m.; °-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar): day < dagskeið (noun n.)

kennings

dýrstr jǫfurr dagskeiðs
‘the most dear prince of the day-course ’
   = God

the day-course → SKY/HEAVEN
the most dear prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
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dag ‘of the day’

dagr (noun m.; °-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar): day < dagskeið (noun n.)

kennings

dýrstr jǫfurr dagskeiðs
‘the most dear prince of the day-course ’
   = God

the day-course → SKY/HEAVEN
the most dear prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
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skeiðs ‘course’

2. skeið (noun n.; °; -): race, course < dagskeið (noun n.)

kennings

dýrstr jǫfurr dagskeiðs
‘the most dear prince of the day-course ’
   = God

the day-course → SKY/HEAVEN
the most dear prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
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skeiðs ‘course’

2. skeið (noun n.; °; -): race, course < dagskeið (noun n.)

kennings

dýrstr jǫfurr dagskeiðs
‘the most dear prince of the day-course ’
   = God

the day-course → SKY/HEAVEN
the most dear prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
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jǫfurr ‘prince’

jǫfurr (noun m.): ruler, prince

kennings

dýrstr jǫfurr dagskeiðs
‘the most dear prince of the day-course ’
   = God

the day-course → SKY/HEAVEN
the most dear prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
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ǫll ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

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himna ‘of the heavens’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

hallar himna.
‘the hall of the heavens.’
   = SKY/HEAVEN

the hall of the heavens. → SKY/HEAVEN
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hallar ‘the hall’

1. hǫll (noun f.; °hallar, dat. -u/-; hallir): hall

kennings

hallar himna.
‘the hall of the heavens.’
   = SKY/HEAVEN

the hall of the heavens. → SKY/HEAVEN
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