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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Steinn Óldr 4II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Steinn Herdísarson, Óláfsdrápa 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 370-1.

Steinn HerdísarsonÓláfsdrápa
345

lét ‘set’

láta (verb): let, have sth done

notes

[1] lét ‘set in motion’: For láta (lét 3rd pers. sg. pret. indic.) in the meaning ‘set (a ship) in motion’, see Fritzner: ‘láta 5. Skj B connects lét with í haf ‘out to sea’ (l. 3) ‘set out to sea’, but the resulting w. o. (a tripartite l.) is not attested otherwise (see NN §806, 880). To avoid treating láta as a full verb, Kock (NN §888; Skald) emends in fljótu (n. acc. pl.) ‘the swift’ to enn fljóta (adv. + inf.) ‘again float’ and reads fylkir lét enn flaust fljóta ‘the lord again let the ships float’. Aside from the emendations, it is unlikely that the adv. enn ‘yet’, which falls in a dip, would be stressed less strongly than the auxiliary lét ‘let’ in the preceding lift.

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in ‘the swift’

2. inn (art.): the

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flaust ‘in motion’

flaust (noun n.): ship

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leið ‘it drew close’

1. líða (verb): move, glide

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skaut ‘pushed’

skjóta (verb): shoot

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þars ‘at the place’

þars (conj.): where

[3] þars (‘þar er’): þar Hr

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Hrafnseyrr ‘Ravenseer’

Hrafnseyrr (noun f.): [Ravenseer]

notes

[4] Hrafnseyrr ‘Ravenseer’: Formerly Ravenseer or Ravenspurn, now Spurn Head, the promontory at the mouth of the River Humber.

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Trôðu ‘trod’

troða (verb): tread

[5] Trôðu: ‘tiadu’ Flat

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borð ‘gunwale-’

borð (noun n.; °-s; -): side, plank, board; table < borðvegr (noun m.): °bulwark, ship’s side

[5] borð‑: ‘nord’ Flat

kennings

breiðan borðveg;
‘on the broad gunwale-road; ’
   = SEA

on the broad gunwale-road; → SEA

notes

[5] borðveg ‘gunwale-road’: Skj B and Skald emend to borðvigg ‘gunwale-steeds’ and read borðvigg trðu breiðan brimsgang (so Hr) ‘the gunwale-steeds (i. e. ships) trod on the broad breaker-road (i.e. sea)’ (ll. 5, 6). However, gangr ‘motion, speed’ in the meaning ‘road’ is otherwise unattested (see Fritzner: gangr; LP: brimsgangr; gangr), and the acc. in Hr (brimgang) is secondary.

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veg ‘road’

1. vegr (noun m.; °-s/-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir, gen. -a/-na, acc. -a/-i/-u): way, path, side < borðvegr (noun m.): °bulwark, ship’s side

kennings

breiðan borðveg;
‘on the broad gunwale-road; ’
   = SEA

on the broad gunwale-road; → SEA

notes

[5] borðveg ‘gunwale-road’: Skj B and Skald emend to borðvigg ‘gunwale-steeds’ and read borðvigg trðu breiðan brimsgang (so Hr) ‘the gunwale-steeds (i. e. ships) trod on the broad breaker-road (i.e. sea)’ (ll. 5, 6). However, gangr ‘motion, speed’ in the meaning ‘road’ is otherwise unattested (see Fritzner: gangr; LP: brimsgangr; gangr), and the acc. in Hr (brimgang) is secondary.

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breiðan ‘on the broad’

breiðr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): broad, wide

kennings

breiðan borðveg;
‘on the broad gunwale-road; ’
   = SEA

on the broad gunwale-road; → SEA
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brims ‘the rough sea’

brim (noun n.): surf < brimsgangr (noun m.): [surf-speed]

[6] brimsgangr: ‘Bíns gangr’ Flat, brimgang Hr

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gangr ‘’

gangr (noun m.): going, walking; course; success < brimsgangr (noun m.): [surf-speed]

[6] brimsgangr: ‘Bíns gangr’ Flat, brimgang Hr

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fell ‘poured’

falla (verb): fall

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súðir ‘sides’

súð (noun f.; °-ar; gen. -a): planking, ship

notes

[7] súðir ‘the sides’: See Note to Hharð Gamv 2/2.

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Sts 4-5 describe Óláfr Haraldsson’s journey (1066-7) from England to Norway via Orkney after the battle of Stamford Bridge.

After the defeat and massacre at Stamford Bridge, Harold Godwineson gave Óláfr permission to leave England in the company of Páll, jarl of Orkney. They left on twenty-four ships with the remainder of the Norw. army (see ASC D s. a. 1066). — [8]: For this part of the split refrain (klofastef), see Note to st. 1/8.

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