skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

Menu Search

Steinn Óldr 6II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Steinn Herdísarson, Óláfsdrápa 6’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 372-3.

Steinn HerdísarsonÓláfsdrápa
567

Heldr, síz hári foldu
heiptbráðr jǫfurr náði,
— ætt þreifsk Egða dróttins —
ólaust konungr stóli.
Mætr hilmir verr malmi
— mank skjǫldungs lof — kǫldum
Rauma grund ok rǫndu.
Ríklundaðr veit undir.

Konungr heldr stóli ólaust, síz heiptbráðr jǫfurr náði hári foldu; ætt {dróttins Egða} þreifsk. Mætr hilmir verr {grund Rauma} kǫldum malmi ok rǫndu; mank lof skjǫldungs. Ríklundaðr veit undir….

The king holds the throne unwaveringly since the quick-tempered prince took possession of the lofty land; the family {of the lord of the Egðir} [NORWEGIAN KING = S. Óláfr] has prospered. The esteemed ruler defends {the land of the Raumar} [= Norway] with the cold metal and the shield; I recall the hero’s reputation. Proud-minded knows beneath [the sun]….

Mss: Mork(19v), Mork(20r) (ll. 5-8) (Mork); Flat(204rb) (Flat); H(78v), Hr(55vb) (H-Hr); FskBˣ(81r), FskAˣ(321) (Fsk, ll. 5-8)

Readings: [4] konungr: konungs Flat    [5] Mætr: mær FskAˣ;    verr: ferr Mork(20r)    [6] kǫldum: kǫldu Hr    [7] rǫndu: rǫndum Flat, rendu Hr    [8] veit: om. Flat, veik Hr, velt FskBˣ;    undir: undan Hr

Editions: Skj AI, 412, Skj BI, 381, Skald I, 190, NN §2530; Mork 1867, 121, 124, Mork 1928-32, 283, 287, Andersson and Gade 2000, 275-6, 278, 482-3 (MH; Ólkyrr); Flat 1860-8, III, 398 (MH); Fms 6, 438 (Ólkyrr ch. 2); ÍF 29, 298 (ch. 79).

Context: The entire st. is given in Mork (after Óláfr became sole ruler of Norway) and in H-Hr (after an expedition against Sveinn Úlfsson of Denmark). The second helmingr is duplicated in Mork (= Fsk) as part of the sequence of sts describing Óláfr’s naval activities (see sts 7-10 below).

Notes: [All]: Óláfr became sole ruler of Norway upon the death of his brother, Magnús (d. 27 or 28 April 1069). — [1] hári foldu ‘of the lofty land’: I.e. Norway. The reference is to the mountainous regions of that country. See also Sigv Berv 15/ 7, 8 and Note. — [2] heiptbráðr jǫfurr ‘the quick-tempered prince’: Because Skj B adopts the Flat variant konungs ‘the king’s in l. 4 (see Note to l. 4 below), Finnur takes heiptbráðr jǫfurr ‘the quick-tempered prince’ as the subject of the first cl. of the helmingr, which leaves the second without a subject. — [3] dróttins Egða ‘of the lord of the Egðir [NORWEGIAN KING = S. Óláfr]’: Presumably this refers to S. Óláfr, Óláfr kyrri’s uncle and namesake (see st. 7 below). — [4] konungr (m. nom. sg.) ‘king’: Skj B adopts the Flat reading konungs (m. gen. sg.) ‘the king’s’ as part of a cpd konungsstóli ‘throne’ (lit. ‘king’s seat’). That reading is not warranted by the majority of the ms. witnesses (see also NN §2530). — [7] grund Rauma ‘the land of the Raumar [= Norway]’: ‘Land of the Raumar’ technically refers to the district Romerike (Raumaríki), but it is used here as pars pro toto for ‘Norway’. Skj B connects Rauma ‘of the Raumar’ with hilmir ‘ruler’ (l. 5) in a circumscription for ‘king’ (hilmir Rauma ‘the ruler of the Raumar’, i.e. ‘Norw. king’). However, hilmir does not otherwise occur as the base-word with an ethnic name as a determinant in such circumscriptions (see LP: hilmir). — [8]: For this l. of the split refrain (klofastef), see the Note to st. 1/8.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  4. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  6. LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
  7. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  8. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  9. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  10. ÍF 29 = Ágrip af Nóregskonunga sǫgum; Fagrskinna—Nóregs konungatal. Ed. Bjarni Einarsson. 1985.
  11. Mork 1867 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1867. Morkinskinna: Pergamentsbog fra første halvdel af det trettende aarhundrede. Indeholdende en af de ældste optegnelser af norske kongesagaer. Oslo: Bentzen.
  12. Internal references
  13. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  14. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hulda and Hrokkinskinna (H-Hr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  15. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Morkinskinna (Mork)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  16. Not published: do not cite (MHII)
  17. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Bersǫglisvísur 15’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 27.
Close

Log in

This service is only available to members of the relevant projects, and to purchasers of the skaldic volumes published by Brepols.
This service uses cookies. By logging in you agree to the use of cookies on your browser.

Close

Stanza/chapter/text segment

Use the buttons at the top of the page to navigate between stanzas in a poem.

Information tab

Interactive tab

The text and translation are given here, with buttons to toggle whether the text is shown in the verse order or prose word order. Clicking on indiviudal words gives dictionary links, variant readings, kennings and notes, where relevant.

Full text tab

This is the text of the edition in a similar format to how the edition appears in the printed volumes.

Chapter/text segment

This view is also used for chapters and other text segments. Not all the headings shown are relevant to such sections.