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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Steinn Óldr 7II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Steinn Herdísarson, Óláfsdrápa 7’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 373-4.

Steinn HerdísarsonÓláfsdrápa
678

Sín óðǫl mun Sveini
sóknstrangr í Kaupangi,
þars heilagr gramr hvílir,
— hanns ríkr jǫfurr — banna.
Ætt sinni mun unna
Ôláfr konungr hôla
(Ulfs þarfat þar arfi)
alls Nóregs (til kalla).

Sóknstrangr í Kaupangi, þars heilagr gramr hvílir, mun banna Sveini óðǫl sín; hanns ríkr jǫfurr. Ôláfr konungr mun hôla unna ætt sinni alls Nóregs; {arfi Ulfs} þarfat kalla til þar.

The battle-strong one in Trondheim, where the holy ruler rests, will refuse Sveinn his [Óláfr’s] ancestral properties; he is a mighty prince. King Óláfr will certainly grant his kin all Norway; {Úlfr’s heir} [= Sveinn] need not make a claim there.

Mss: Mork(20r) (Mork); H(78v), Hr(55va) (H-Hr); Kˣ(588r-v), 39(32va), F(54va), E(29r-v), J2ˣ(301r), 42ˣ(3v) (Hkr); FskBˣ(81r), FskAˣ(320-321) (Fsk)

Readings: [1] Sín óðǫl: Sína Kˣ, 39, F, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, Sín óðal FskBˣ;    mun: mun fyr Kˣ, 39, F, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ    [4] jǫfurr: konungr FskBˣ;    banna: bannar F    [7] þarfat: þarfa Kˣ, ‘þærfat’ FskBˣ;    þar: því 39, F, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, ‘þer’ FskAˣ    [8] alls: all J2ˣ

Editions: Skj AI, 411, Skj BI, 381, Skald I, 189, NN §§892, 2041 anm. 1; Mork 1867, 124, Mork 1928-32, 286-7, Andersson and Gade 2000, 278, 483 (Ólkyrr); Fms 6, 436-7 (Ólkyrr ch. 1); ÍF 28, 202 (HSig ch. 101), F 1871, 254, E 1916, 103; ÍF 29, 297 (ch. 79).

Context: As sts 6-11. In Mork, Fsk, and Hkr, this is the first st. (in Hkr the only st.) cited after Sveinn Úlfsson declared war on Norway. H-Hr constructs a new prose environment and moves the st. to document events that took place after Óláfr’s reconciliation with Sveinn.

Notes: [All]: Sveinn Úlfsson was king of Denmark (r. 1047-1074/76). See ‘Royal Biographies’ in Introduction to this vol. — [2] í Kaupangi ‘in Trondheim’: Kaupangr was the earliest name of the city of Trondheim (see Gade 1998). S. Óláfr was first interred in the Church of S. Clement, but he was later moved to Kristkirken (see Notes to Anon Nkt 31 [All] and 35 [All]). Steinn seems to imply that S. Óláfr will use his holy powers to block any threatened take-over by a foreign ruler. — [3] heilagr gramr ‘the holy ruler’: This is S. Óláfr. For the notion of Norway as Óláfr’s patrimony, see also Þloft Glækv 9/1-2, 4I, where Þórarinn gives the following advice to Sveinn Álfífuson: Bið láf at unni þér grundar sinnar ‘Ask Óláfr that he grant you his land’. — [4] jǫfurr (m. nom. sg.) ‘prince’: Can also be part of the subject in the first cl.: sóknstrangr jǫfurr ‘the battle-strong prince’ (so Skj B; ÍF 28; ÍF 29). However, if ll. of this type (Type A2k Verbal Even) contain a parenthetic cl., the sentence boundary falls after metrical position 4, not after position 2 (see Gade 1995a, 122-3; NN §§892). — [6] Ôláfr ‘Óláfr’: The internal rhyme (l- : -l-) warrants the form láfr rather than Óláfr here (see Note to st. 5/8 above).

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  4. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  6. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  7. Gade, Kari Ellen. 1995a. The Structure of Old Norse dróttkvætt Poetry. Islandica 49. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  8. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  9. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  10. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  11. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.
  12. Gade, Kari Ellen. 1998. ‘Kaupangr – Þrándheimr – Niðaróss: On the Dating of the Old Norse Kings’ Sagas’. MM, 41-60.
  13. ÍF 29 = Ágrip af Nóregskonunga sǫgum; Fagrskinna—Nóregs konungatal. Ed. Bjarni Einarsson. 1985.
  14. Mork 1867 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1867. Morkinskinna: Pergamentsbog fra første halvdel af det trettende aarhundrede. Indeholdende en af de ældste optegnelser af norske kongesagaer. Oslo: Bentzen.
  15. Internal references
  16. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  17. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  18. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hulda and Hrokkinskinna (H-Hr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  19. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Morkinskinna (Mork)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  20. Not published: do not cite (HSigII)
  21. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Poems, Nóregs konungatal 31’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 781.
  22. Matthew Townend (ed.) 2012, ‘Þórarinn loftunga, Glælognskviða 9’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 875.
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