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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Leið 33VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Leiðarvísan 33’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 170.

Anonymous PoemsLeiðarvísan
323334

Gefr ‘gives’

gefa (verb): give

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ǫllum ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

Close

ǫðlingr ‘The prince’

ǫðlingr (noun m.; °; -ar): prince, ruler

kennings

Ǫðlingr salar rǫðla,
‘The prince of the hall of heavenly bodies, ’
   = God

the hall of heavenly bodies, → SKY/HEAVEN
The prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[2] ǫðlingr salar rǫðla ‘prince of the hall of heavenly bodies [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. Has 16/6: ǫðlingr, hefik, rǫðla. The same rhyming pair also appears elsewhere in Þjsk SveindrI and in Mgr 3/2.

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salar ‘of the hall’

1. salr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; dat. sǫlum): hall

kennings

Ǫðlingr salar rǫðla,
‘The prince of the hall of heavenly bodies, ’
   = God

the hall of heavenly bodies, → SKY/HEAVEN
The prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[2] ǫðlingr salar rǫðla ‘prince of the hall of heavenly bodies [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. Has 16/6: ǫðlingr, hefik, rǫðla. The same rhyming pair also appears elsewhere in Þjsk SveindrI and in Mgr 3/2.

Close

salar ‘of the hall’

1. salr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; dat. sǫlum): hall

kennings

Ǫðlingr salar rǫðla,
‘The prince of the hall of heavenly bodies, ’
   = God

the hall of heavenly bodies, → SKY/HEAVEN
The prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[2] ǫðlingr salar rǫðla ‘prince of the hall of heavenly bodies [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. Has 16/6: ǫðlingr, hefik, rǫðla. The same rhyming pair also appears elsewhere in Þjsk SveindrI and in Mgr 3/2.

Close

rǫðla ‘of heavenly bodies’

rǫðull (noun m.; °dat. rǫðli): heavenly body

kennings

Ǫðlingr salar rǫðla,
‘The prince of the hall of heavenly bodies, ’
   = God

the hall of heavenly bodies, → SKY/HEAVEN
The prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[2] ǫðlingr salar rǫðla ‘prince of the hall of heavenly bodies [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. Has 16/6: ǫðlingr, hefik, rǫðla. The same rhyming pair also appears elsewhere in Þjsk SveindrI and in Mgr 3/2.

Close

rǫðla ‘of heavenly bodies’

rǫðull (noun m.; °dat. rǫðli): heavenly body

kennings

Ǫðlingr salar rǫðla,
‘The prince of the hall of heavenly bodies, ’
   = God

the hall of heavenly bodies, → SKY/HEAVEN
The prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[2] ǫðlingr salar rǫðla ‘prince of the hall of heavenly bodies [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. Has 16/6: ǫðlingr, hefik, rǫðla. The same rhyming pair also appears elsewhere in Þjsk SveindrI and in Mgr 3/2.

Close

þrif ‘the prosperity’

þrif (noun n.; °; -): prosperity

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þjóðum ‘to people’

þjóð (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir): people

[4] þjóðum: so 624, 399a‑bˣ, ‘þi[...]um’ B

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allt ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

Close

it ‘that is’

2. inn (art.): the

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góða ‘good’

góðr (adj.): good

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Gramr ‘The king’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

kennings

Gramr hreggranns
‘The king of the storm-house ’
   = God

the storm-house → SKY/HEAVEN
The king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

skóp ‘made’

2. skapa (verb): form

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

Close

hauðr ‘land’

hauðr (noun n.): earth, ground

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

Close

ok ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

Close

himna ‘skies’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

Close

hregg ‘of the storm’

hregg (noun n.): storm < hreggrann (noun m.): storm-house

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

kennings

Gramr hreggranns
‘The king of the storm-house ’
   = God

the storm-house → SKY/HEAVEN
The king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

hregg ‘of the storm’

hregg (noun n.): storm < hreggrann (noun m.): storm-house

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

kennings

Gramr hreggranns
‘The king of the storm-house ’
   = God

the storm-house → SKY/HEAVEN
The king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

ranns ‘house’

rann (noun n.): house, hall < hreggrann (noun m.): storm-house

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

kennings

Gramr hreggranns
‘The king of the storm-house ’
   = God

the storm-house → SKY/HEAVEN
The king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

ranns ‘house’

rann (noun n.): house, hall < hreggrann (noun m.): storm-house

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

kennings

Gramr hreggranns
‘The king of the storm-house ’
   = God

the storm-house → SKY/HEAVEN
The king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

sem ‘as well as’

sem (conj.): as, which

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

Close

kyn ‘the race’

1. kyn (noun n.; °-s; -): kin

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

Close

seggja ‘of men’

seggr (noun m.; °; -ir): man

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

Close

einn ‘alone’

2. einn (pron.; °decl. cf. einn num.): one, alone

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

Close

s ‘is’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

Close

sal ‘of the hall’

1. salr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; dat. sǫlum): hall < salkonungr (noun m.): hall-king

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

kennings

snjallr sólar salkonungr
‘hall-king of the sun’
   = God

the hall of the sun → HEAVEN
the excellent king of the HEAVEN → God
Close

sal ‘of the hall’

1. salr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; dat. sǫlum): hall < salkonungr (noun m.): hall-king

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

kennings

snjallr sólar salkonungr
‘hall-king of the sun’
   = God

the hall of the sun → HEAVEN
the excellent king of the HEAVEN → God
Close

konungr ‘king’

konungr (noun m.; °dat. -i, -s; -ar): king < salkonungr (noun m.): hall-king

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

kennings

snjallr sólar salkonungr
‘hall-king of the sun’
   = God

the hall of the sun → HEAVEN
the excellent king of the HEAVEN → God
Close

sólar ‘of the sun’

sól (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir): sun

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

kennings

snjallr sólar salkonungr
‘hall-king of the sun’
   = God

the hall of the sun → HEAVEN
the excellent king of the HEAVEN → God
Close

sólar ‘of the sun’

sól (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir): sun

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

kennings

snjallr sólar salkonungr
‘hall-king of the sun’
   = God

the hall of the sun → HEAVEN
the excellent king of the HEAVEN → God
Close

snjallr ‘the excellent’

snjallr (adj.): quick, resourceful, bold

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

kennings

snjallr sólar salkonungr
‘hall-king of the sun’
   = God

the hall of the sun → HEAVEN
the excellent king of the HEAVEN → God
Close

hjalpari ‘the helper’

hjalpari (noun m.; °-a; dat. -um): helper

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

Close

allra ‘of all’

allr (adj.): all

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Gramr skop h.’ B, ‘Gramur’ 624

Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

[5-8]: The third and final iteration of the second refrain, with which the stefjabálkr of Leið concludes. B marks the stef with an obelos in the right-hand margin.

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