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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Leið 26VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Leiðarvísan 26’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 164-5.

Anonymous PoemsLeiðarvísan
252627

Sýndi sólar landa
siklingr með trú mikla
horskum lýð á hauðri
hreinn skjótar jarteinir.
Frítt gerði dag dróttins
dáðfimr jǫfurr himna
vín ór vatni einu;
varð þjóð fegin harðla.

{Hreinn siklingr {landa sólar}} sýndi horskum lýð á hauðri skjótar jarteinir með mikla trú. {Dáðfimr jǫfurr himna} gerði frítt vín ór vatni einu dróttins dag; þjóð varð harðla fegin.

{The pure prince {of the lands of the sun}} [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)] showed wise people on earth swift miracles with great faith. {The deed-agile prince of the heavens} [= God (= Christ)] made beautiful wine out of water alone on the Lord’s day; people became very happy.

Mss: B(10v), 624(89), 399a-bˣ

Readings: [5] dróttins: dróttinn 399a‑bˣ    [8] þjóð: om. 624

Editions: Skj AI, 623, Skj BI, 628-9, Skald I, 305, NN §3133C; Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1844, 64, Rydberg 1907, 8, Attwood 1996a, 66, 177.

Notes: [All]: Sts 26-8 treat two of Christ’s miracles; the wedding at Cana, where he turned water into wine (st. 26), and the feeding of the Five Thousand (sts 27-8). — [4] jarteinir ‘miracles’: B’s <ei> spelling is required here to preserve the rhyme with hreinn, but cf. 6/2, where the <gn> spelling is used, to rhyme with alfegnar. The <gn> form also occurs in Geisl 67/2, where the rhyme is with friðgegn. It appears likely that the <ei> form is the younger (see ANG §§292.3, 318.5; LP: jartegn, jartein). — [5-8]: The reference here is to Christ’s turning water into wine at the wedding at Cana, recounted in John II.1-10. The miracle is also the subject of a sermon preserved in HómÍsl 1872, 187-91, and occurs in texts from all three recensions of the Sunday Letter and the MHG sermons. — [5] dróttins ‘the Lord’s’: Brynjólfur Snorrason, the writer of the 444ˣ transcript, miscopied this word as dróttinn. This error was carried over into Jón Sigurðsson’s copy of 444ˣ, 399a-bˣ, which was used by Sveinbjörn Egilsson as the basis of his 1844 edn. Sveinbjörn corrected to dróttins in a marginal n. to 444ˣ, though he notes drottinn as the ‘MS reading’ in 1844, 64 n. 13.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
  5. Attwood, Katrina. 1996a. ‘The Poems of MS AM 757a 4to: An Edition and Contextual Study’. Ph.D. thesis. University of Leeds.
  6. ANG = Noreen, Adolf. 1923. Altnordische Grammatik I: Altisländische und altnorwegische Grammatik (Laut- und Flexionslehre) unter Berücksichtigung des Urnordischen. 4th edn. Halle: Niemeyer. 1st edn. 1884. 5th unrev. edn. 1970. Tübingen: Niemeyer.
  7. Rydberg, Hugo, ed. 1907. ‘Die geistlichen Drápur und Dróttkvættfragmente des Cod. AM 757 4to.’. Ph.D. thesis. University of Lund. Copenhagen: Møller.
  8. HómÍsl 1872 = Wisén, Theodor, ed. 1872. Homiliu-bók: Isländska homilier efter en handskrift från tolfte århundredet. Lund: Gleerup.
  9. Sveinbjörn Egilsson, ed. 1844. Fjøgur gømul kvæði. Boðsrit til að hlusta á þá opinberu yfirheyrslu í Bessastaða Skóla þann 22-29 mai 1844. Viðeyar Klaustri: prentuð af Helga Helgasyni, á kostnað Bessastaða Skóla. Bessastaðir: Helgi Helgason.
  10. Internal references
  11. Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Geisli 67’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 61-2.
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