Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Snorri Sturluson, Háttatal 16’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1120.
 setr ‘sets up’: According to the prose commentaries of Snorri and Óláfr, this word ought to be the same as the last word in st. 15, but, as Finnur Jónsson points out (TGT 1927, 103), that is technically incorrect because setri ‘seat’ (st. 15/8) is a n. dat. sg. noun and setr is 3rd pers. sg. pres. indic. of the weak verb setja.
 ýr: ‘vr’ U
 ýr ‘the yew-bow’: See Note to st. 11/1 above.
 ‑skúrum: ‘scuro’ Tˣ
 skjaldborg ‘a shield-wall’: Lit. ‘shield-fortification’. For the practice of protecting a king or war-leader in battle by surrounding him with a wall of shields, see Falk (1914b, 151).
 aldir: so all others, aldri R
 aldir ‘people’: So all other mss. Aldri ‘never’ (R) makes no sense in the context and has been altered to aldir (R*).
 víða ‘wide’: Taken as an adj. (m. acc. pl.) here, but it could also be the adv. víða ‘far and wide’.
 ‑brjótr: brjót W
 þryngr: so Tˣ, W, þungr R, ‘þravngr’ U
 þryngr ‘advances’: So Tˣ, W. Þungr ‘heavy’ has been altered in R to þryngr (R*).
 sverða: ‘[…]ða’ W
 ‑harðr: ‘h[…]ðr’ U
 þrǫmu: þrumu W(141), þrimu U
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The battle-retinue sets up a shield-wall around the wise leader against the showers of shots; the yew-bow is pulled, and there people sink down in the grass. The weapon-reddener [WARRIOR = Hákon] encloses the wide edges of the earth with spears; the battle-strong gold-breaker [GENEROUS MAN] advances on the ocean towards the song of swords [BATTLE].
The stanza illustrates the syntactic variation drǫgur ‘drawings’, in which the first word (setr ‘sets’) echoes the last word in the preceding stanza (setri ‘seat’; st. 15/8 above). In TGT, l. 1 is used to exemplify anadiplosis, which is the same figure (see st. 15 above).
The heading is drǫgur (U(47r) and added in R (R*)). This device is also known from Old French, Middle English, and Old Irish poetry, but it is very rare in Old Norse poetry (see Hl 1941, 129, SnE 2007, 53 and the literature cited there).
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