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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv Víkv 13I

Judith Jesch (ed.) 2012, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Víkingarvísur 13’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 551.

Sigvatr ÞórðarsonVíkingarvísur
121314

Þrettanda ‘the thirteenth’

þrettándi (num. ordinal): thirteenth

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vann ‘won’

2. vinna (verb): perform, work

[1] vann: vannt 61

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Þrœnda ‘of the Þrœndir’

Þrœndr (noun m.; °; þrǿndir/þrǿndr): people from Tröndelag

kennings

Snjallr dróttinn Þrœnda
‘The brave lord of the Þrœndir ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Óláfr

The brave lord of the Þrœndir → NORWEGIAN KING = Óláfr

notes

[1, 2] dróttinn Þrœnda ‘lord of the Þrœndir [NORWEGIAN KING = Óláfr]’: This kenning, and one in the next stanza (st. 14/1), begin to anticipate the end of the poem, which sees Óláfr’s return to Norway as its ruler.

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flótta ‘to those who fled’

flótti (noun m.): flight, fleeing

[2] flótta: flotna 325V

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daul ‘’

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bǫl ‘bad luck’

bǫl (noun n.; °-s, dat. bǫlvi): evil

[2] bǫl: ból 68, Bb, ‘duol’ Flat, ‘daul’ Tóm

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dróttinn ‘lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

[2] dróttinn: dróttum Flat, drótta Tóm

kennings

Snjallr dróttinn Þrœnda
‘The brave lord of the Þrœndir ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Óláfr

The brave lord of the Þrœndir → NORWEGIAN KING = Óláfr

notes

[1, 2] dróttinn Þrœnda ‘lord of the Þrœndir [NORWEGIAN KING = Óláfr]’: This kenning, and one in the next stanza (st. 14/1), begin to anticipate the end of the poem, which sees Óláfr’s return to Norway as its ruler.

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snjallr ‘The brave’

snjallr (adj.): quick, resourceful, bold

kennings

Snjallr dróttinn Þrœnda
‘The brave lord of the Þrœndir ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Óláfr

The brave lord of the Þrœndir → NORWEGIAN KING = Óláfr
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sælu ‘’

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Selu ‘’

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Selju ‘Selju’

3. Selja (noun f.; °-u): Selja < Seljupollr (noun m.)3. Selja (noun f.; °-u): Selja < Sælufollar (noun m.)

[3] Selju‑: Selu‑ 325V, ‘sęlu’ Bb

notes

[3] Seljupollum ‘Seljupollar’: It has been suggested (Johnsen 1916, 17) that this is (Lat.) Cilenorum aqua, now La Guardia (Galician A Guarda), near the mouth of the river Miño, on the north-west coast of Spain. A tributary of the Mino is the river Sil, which could be the element represented by Selju-; and see Note to st. 11/4 for pollr. Spanish sources record the destruction of the nearby episcopal centre Tuy sometime around 1013-16 (Johnsen, loc. cit.) and some connection with Óláfr’s expedition seems likely.

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follum ‘’

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pollum ‘pollar’

pollr (noun m.; °dat. -i; -ar): pool < Seljupollr (noun m.)pollr (noun m.; °dat. -i; -ar): pool < Selupollr (noun m.)

[3] ‑pollum: ‘‑follum’ Bb

notes

[3] Seljupollum ‘Seljupollar’: It has been suggested (Johnsen 1916, 17) that this is (Lat.) Cilenorum aqua, now La Guardia (Galician A Guarda), near the mouth of the river Miño, on the north-west coast of Spain. A tributary of the Mino is the river Sil, which could be the element represented by Selju-; and see Note to st. 11/4 for pollr. Spanish sources record the destruction of the nearby episcopal centre Tuy sometime around 1013-16 (Johnsen, loc. cit.) and some connection with Óláfr’s expedition seems likely.

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kunnan ‘renowned’

kunnr (adj.): known (?)

[4] kunnan: fullan 61, kunni Tóm

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lét ‘had’

láta (verb): let, have sth done

[5] lét: om. Flat

notes

[5, 7-8] lét gǫrva gengit ‘had the whole troop go’: Lit. ‘had completely gone’, i.e. ‘caused completely to go’. This assumes (with Skj B and ÍF 27) that the adv. gǫrva ‘completely’ means that the whole company were ordered into the attack. An alternative suggested in LP: gǫrva is that they went ‘the whole way’.

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gramr ‘The prince’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

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í ‘to’

í (prep.): in, into

[5] í: á 61

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Gunnvaldr ‘’

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Gunnvalds ‘Gunnvalds’

(non-lexical) < Gunnvaldsborg (noun f.)

[6] Gunnvalds‑: Gunnvaldr Bb

notes

[6] Gunnvaldsborg: This fortification cannot be identified with certainty.

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borg ‘borg’

borg (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -; -ir): city, stronghold < Gunnvaldsborg (noun f.)

[6] ‑borg: om. Tóm

notes

[6] Gunnvaldsborg: This fortification cannot be identified with certainty.

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Geirfiðr ‘Geirfiðr’

Geirfinnr (noun m.): [Geirfiðr]

notes

[7] Geirfiðr: This person is also unidentified.

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gǫrva ‘the whole troop’

gǫrva (adv.): fully

[7] gǫrva: gotna R686ˣ, J2ˣ, 325VI, 73aˣ, 78aˣ, gauta 325V, gervar 325VII

notes

[5, 7-8] lét gǫrva gengit ‘had the whole troop go’: Lit. ‘had completely gone’, i.e. ‘caused completely to go’. This assumes (with Skj B and ÍF 27) that the adv. gǫrva ‘completely’ means that the whole company were ordered into the attack. An alternative suggested in LP: gǫrva is that they went ‘the whole way’.

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gengit ‘go’

2. ganga (verb; geng, gekk, gengu, genginn): walk, go

[8] gengit: gengum R686ˣ, gengis J2ˣ, genginn 68, 61

notes

[5, 7-8] lét gǫrva gengit ‘had the whole troop go’: Lit. ‘had completely gone’, i.e. ‘caused completely to go’. This assumes (with Skj B and ÍF 27) that the adv. gǫrva ‘completely’ means that the whole company were ordered into the attack. An alternative suggested in LP: gǫrva is that they went ‘the whole way’.

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jarl ‘the jarl’

jarl (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): poet, earl

notes

[8] jarl of fenginn ‘[and had] the jarl captured’: Fenginn ‘captured’ is parallel with gengit, lit. ‘gone’ and both depend on lét ‘had’. Of is the expletive particle, and a conj. ‘and’ is understood. Some mss read ok ‘and’ in place of of, and this reading is adopted in Skj B, but as it is confined to ÓH mss of the C class it seems to be a secondary ‘improvement’.

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of ‘’

4. of (particle): (before verb)

[8] of: af 73aˣ, ok 75c, 325VII, Bb, Flat, Tóm

notes

[8] jarl of fenginn ‘[and had] the jarl captured’: Fenginn ‘captured’ is parallel with gengit, lit. ‘gone’ and both depend on lét ‘had’. Of is the expletive particle, and a conj. ‘and’ is understood. Some mss read ok ‘and’ in place of of, and this reading is adopted in Skj B, but as it is confined to ÓH mss of the C class it seems to be a secondary ‘improvement’.

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fenginn ‘captured’

2. fá (verb; °fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn): get, receive

[8] fenginn: fengum R686ˣ, fengit 75c, 325V, 325VII, Flat, Tóm

notes

[8] jarl of fenginn ‘[and had] the jarl captured’: Fenginn ‘captured’ is parallel with gengit, lit. ‘gone’ and both depend on lét ‘had’. Of is the expletive particle, and a conj. ‘and’ is understood. Some mss read ok ‘and’ in place of of, and this reading is adopted in Skj B, but as it is confined to ÓH mss of the C class it seems to be a secondary ‘improvement’.

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Óláfr heads south to Seljupollar where he captures the castle of Gunnvaldsborg and its ruler Geirfiðr. The inhabitants of the castle ransom their leader for twelve thousand gold shillings.

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