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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv Nesv 8I

Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Nesjavísur 8’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 568.

Sigvatr ÞórðarsonNesjavísur
789

drifum ‘pressed’

2. drífa (verb; °drífr; dreif, drifu; drifinn): drive, rush

[1] drifum: so Holm2, R686ˣ, 972ˣ, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 325VI, 75a, 73aˣ, 78aˣ, 68, 61, Holm4, 325V, 325VII, Bb, Flat, drifu Kˣ, papp18ˣ, drápum Tóm

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hvatt ‘keenly’

hvatr (adj.; °-ari, -an; -astr): keen, brave

[1] hvatt: ‘huart’ papp18ˣ, J1ˣ, hvat R686ˣ, 68, 325VII, Tóm, hart 325VI, 75a, 73aˣ, 78aˣ

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ed ‘’

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þars ‘where’

þars (conj.): where

[1] þars (‘þar er’): ‘þar ed’ papp18ˣ, enn Holm2, R686ˣ, 972ˣ, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 325VI, 75a, 73aˣ, 78aˣ, 68, 61, Holm4, at 325V, 325VII, Bb, Flat, Tóm

notes

[1] þars ‘where’: The variant enn, here ‘and’, has widespread ms. support and is also possible; it is adopted by Kock in Skald.

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heyra ‘be heard’

2. heyra (verb): hear

[1] heyra: herja 325VII

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brak ‘clash’

brak (noun n.): clash, noise < vápnabrak (noun f.)

[2] ‑brak: ‘bruk’ R686ˣ

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tnatti ‘’

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knátti ‘could’

knega (verb): to know, understand, be able to

[2] knátti: ‘tnatti’ Holm2, mátti 972ˣ, 73aˣ, 68, 61, Bb

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rǫnd ‘the shield’

rǫnd (noun f.; °dat. -/-u; rendr/randir): shield, shield-rim

[3] rǫnd: rendr 325VI, 75a, 73aˣ, 78aˣ

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roðrir ‘’

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roðnir ‘reddened’

roðna (verb): redden

[3] roðnir: ‘roðrir’ Holm2, rauðra 325VI

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brandar ‘blades’

brandr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): sword, prow; fire

[3] brandar: branda 325VI

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reiðir ‘enraged’

4. reiðr (adj.; °superl. -astr): angry

[4] reiðir: reiðr J1ˣ, reiðar 68

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á ‘on to’

3. á (prep.): on, at

[4] á: í Holm2, R686ˣ, 972ˣ, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 325VI, 75a, 73aˣ, 78aˣ, 68, Holm4, 325V, 325VII, Bb

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skiðir ‘’

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skeiðar ‘the ships’

1. skeið (noun f.; °-ar; -r/-ar/-ir): ship

[4] skeiðar: skeiðir 325VI, 73aˣ, 78aˣ, 61, 325VII, Flat, Tóm, ‘skiðir’ 325V

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En ‘And’

2. en (conj.): but, and

[5] En: er Bb

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borð ‘board’

borð (noun n.; °-s; -): side, plank, board; table

[5] borð þars (‘borð þar er’): so Holm2, R686ˣ, 972ˣ, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 325VI, 75a, 73aˣ, 78aˣ, 68, 61, Holm4, 325V, Bb, Flat, Tóm, om. Kˣ, papp18ˣ, borð þeir er 325VII

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þars ‘where’

þars (conj.): where

[5] borð þars (‘borð þar er’): so Holm2, R686ˣ, 972ˣ, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 325VI, 75a, 73aˣ, 78aˣ, 68, 61, Holm4, 325V, Bb, Flat, Tóm, om. Kˣ, papp18ˣ, borð þeir er 325VII

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bǫrðusk ‘they fought’

2. berja (verb; °barði; barðr/bariðr/barinn): fight

[5] bǫrðusk: bǫrðumsk Holm2, 972ˣ, 75a, Holm4, Bb

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búin ‘the well-appointed’

2. búa (verb; °býr (1. pers. býg NjM 330²⁴); bjó/bjuggi/bjǫggi/byggi, bjuggu/bjǫggu (præt. conj. byggi); búinn (n. sg. búit/bút)): prepare, ready, live

[6] búin: so Holm2, R686ˣ, 972ˣ, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 325VI, 75a, 73aˣ, 78aˣ, 68, Holm4, 325V, 325VII, Bb, Flat, Tóm, búinn Kˣ, papp18ˣ, 61

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fengusk ‘were captured’

2. fá (verb; °fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn): get, receive

[6] fengusk: fengu Holm4, Flat, Tóm

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gengu ‘went’

2. ganga (verb; geng, gekk, gengu, genginn): walk, go

[6] gengu: drengir Flat, Tóm

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nerr ‘’

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nár ‘corpses’

nár (noun m.; °-s; -ir): corpse

[7] nár: ‘narr’ 325VI, 78aˣ, nær 68, 61, 325V, Bb, Flat, ‘nerr’ 61

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ǫrt ‘swiftly’

ǫrr (adj.): generous, brave

[7] ǫrt: so Holm2, R686ˣ, 972ˣ, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 68, 61, 325VII, Bb, Tóm, út Kˣ, papp18ˣ, 75a, 73aˣ, 78aˣ, Holm4, Flat, om. 325VI, autt 325V

notes

[7] ǫrt ‘swiftly’: Syntactically, the adv. could modify bǫrðusk ‘they fought’ (so Finnur Jónsson in Skj B), or gengu (fyr borð) ‘went (overboard)’, or flaut ‘floated’. On grounds of word order the latter is favoured here, following Kock (NN §620). Kock (NN §2988C) compares fljóta hvatt ‘float briskly’ in KormǪ Lv 42/1-2V (Korm 61). The reading út ‘out’ in and other mss gives equally good sense and is adopted in Hkr 1893-1901 and ÍF 27.

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við ‘by’

2. við (prep.): with, against

[7] við: om. Holm4, fyrir 325V

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eyri ‘the land-spit’

eyrr (noun f.): land-spit

notes

[7] eyri ‘the land-spit’: This has been identified with Mølen (Hkr 1893-1901, IV), a prominent location at the entrance to Nevlunghavn (see Note to st. 2/4).

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ófár ‘not a few’

ófár (adj.): not a few

[8] ófár: ófáir Flat

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ámir ‘’

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The stanza is introduced after st. 7, with the comment that Sveinn’s men suffer many casualties and some leap overboard.

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