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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv Knútdr 4I

Matthew Townend (ed.) 2012, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Knútsdrápa 4’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 655.

Sigvatr ÞórðarsonKnútsdrápa
345

Þurðu ‘rushed’

þyrja (verb): race, rush, rage

[1] Þurðu: þorðu Holm2, 68, 61, 325V, 325VII, DG8, þorðut Bb, Flat, þurði FskBˣ

notes

[1] þurðu ‘rushed’: Some mss appear to have substituted þorðu ‘dared’ (from þora, a common word) for þurðu (from þyrja, a word used only in poetry).

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norðan ‘from the north’

norðan (adv.): from the north

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namsk ‘has been learned’

1. nema (verb): to take

[2] namsk þat: þat namsk 73aˣ, ‘nanizs þat’ Bb

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með ‘with’

með (prep.): with

[2] með: við DG8

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gram ‘the ruler [Óláfr]’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

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slétts ‘level’

sléttr (adj.): level, smooth

[3] slétts: ‘slæs’ 68, ‘suez’ Tóm

notes

[3] slétts ‘level’: A popular adj. to qualify place names in skaldic verse: see LP: sléttr.

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svalir ‘Cool’

svalr (adj.): cool

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Silunds ‘Zealand’

Selund (noun n.): Zealand, Sjælland

[4] Silunds: ‘silur’ Holm2, Selunds J2ˣ, 73aˣ, 325V, Bb, ‘salundz’ 61

notes

[4] Silunds ‘Zealand’: The Danish island of Zealand (Dan. Sjælland). The usual ON form is (nom. sg.) Selund, as witnessed by several ms. readings here and elsewhere (see LP: Selund for references). However, Silund is evidently an acceptable variant, deployed here to form an aðalhending on kilir. The name also varies between f. and n. gender; here the gen. sg. ‑s implies n. gender.

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með ‘with’

með (prep.): with

[5] með annan: meðan Tóm, á annan veg DG8

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annan ‘another’

1. annarr (pron.; °f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir): (an)other, second

[5] með annan: meðan Tóm, á annan veg DG8

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Ǫnundr ‘Ǫnundr’

Ǫnundr (noun m.): [Ǫnundar, Ǫnundr]

[6] Ǫnundr Dǫnum: ‘ꜹnvn[…]’ 325VII

notes

[6] Ǫnundr: King of the Swedes c. 1021-c. 1050 in succession to his father, Óláfr Eiríksson, and brother-in-law of Óláfr Haraldsson.

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Dǫnum ‘the Danes’

Danr (noun m.; °dat. -; -ir): Dane

[6] Ǫnundr Dǫnum: ‘ꜹnvn[…]’ 325VII

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at ‘at’

3. at (prep.): at, to

[7] at há: fara 61, Bb, hônum Flat, FskBˣ, á Tóm, ‘hætte’ DG8

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‘the oars’

1. hár (noun m.; °; -ir): oarport

[7] at há: fara 61, Bb, hônum Flat, FskBˣ, á Tóm, ‘hætte’ DG8

notes

[7] at há ‘at the oars’: Hár ‘rowlock, oarport’ is a m. i-stem noun with endingless dat. sg. Here it has pl. or collective meaning and possibly gives the broader sense of ‘by ship’ (cf. Jesch 2001a, 155-6).

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sœnskan ‘Swedish’

sœnskr (adj.): Swedish

[8] sœnskan: svænskan 73aˣ, DG8, senn skóg Tóm, ‘svænkan’ FskBˣ

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