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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv Erlfl 1I

Judith Jesch (ed.) 2012, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Flokkr about Erlingr Skjálgsson 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 631.

Sigvatr ÞórðarsonFlokkr about Erlingr Skjálgsson
12

Út ‘’

út (adv.): out(side)

[1] Út: ótt 61

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Erlingr ‘Erlingr’

Erlingr (noun m.): Erlingr

[1] Erlingr: Erlings 321ˣ

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skjóta ‘to be launched’

skjóta (verb): shoot

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eik ‘the oak vessel’

eik (noun f.; °eikr/eikar; eikr): oak

[2] eik: ‘æk’ 325VII

notes

[2] eik ‘the oak vessel’: Although the word is metrically convenient, it may also be apt since oak was the most common wood for building ships, particularly large and prestigious ones (Jesch 2001a, 132-4).

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sás ‘who’

sás (conj.): the one who

[2] sás rauð inn bleika: sá eldin bleiki 61;    sás (‘sa er’): sá Tóm

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rauð ‘reddened’

rjóða (verb): to redden

[2] sás rauð inn bleika: sá eldin bleiki 61;    rauð: ráði 321ˣ, ‘ranð’ 73aˣ, réð 68, ráð Flat, Tóm

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inn ‘the’

2. inn (art.): the

[2] sás rauð inn bleika: sá eldin bleiki 61;    inn (‘hinn’): enn Holm2, J2ˣ, 68, Holm4, 325V

notes

[2] inn ‘the’: While the main ms. and several others have a form that is unambiguously the def. art. (inn or hinn), a substantial number of mss have the form enn which could conceivably be adverbial ‘again, further’. However, constructions with def. art. + adj. + noun are common in poetic language (NS §43), as in prose, and the def. art. is more likely in context, hence inn bleika fót ‘the pale foot’.

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bleika ‘pale’

2. bleikr (adj.): pale

[2] sás rauð inn bleika: sá eldin bleiki 61;    bleika: bleiki 321ˣ, Flat, Tóm, ‘blæka’ 325VII

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iflaust ‘without doubt’

iflauss (adj.): doubtless

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es ‘is’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[3] es (‘er’): var J2ˣ

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jǫfri ‘the ruler’

jǫfurr (noun m.): ruler, prince

[3] jǫfri: jǫfra 68

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fót ‘foot’

1. fótr (noun m.): foot, leg

[4] fót: fóts 68

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at ‘’

3. at (prep.): at, to

[4] at: í 321ˣ, 61, Flat, Tóm, á 73aˣ, Holm4

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móti ‘against’

móti (prep.): against

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Skeið ‘warship’

1. skeið (noun f.; °-ar; -r/-ar/-ir): ship

[5] Skeið: þá er skeið 321ˣ

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‘lay’

liggja (verb): lie

[5] hans lá: lá hans 68

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svá ‘thus’

svá (adv.): so, thus

[5] svá: svá at 68

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síðan ‘afterwards’

síðan (adv.): later, then

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siklings ‘of the prince’

siklingr (noun m.; °; -ar): king, ruler

[6] siklings: siklingr 73aˣ

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þar ‘there’

þar (adv.): there

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sverðum ‘with swords’

sverð (noun n.; °-s; -): sword

[7] sverðum: síðan Holm2, J2ˣ, 321ˣ, 68, 61, Flat, Tóm, síðan with sverðum added in the margin 325VII

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byrð ‘’

(non-lexical) < síbyrðr (adj.)

[8] ‑byrð: ‑byrt J2ˣ, 321ˣ, Flat, Tóm, ‘‑þvrþ’ 68, ‑byrr 325VII

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við ‘alongside’

2. við (prep.): with, against

notes

[8] við skip ‘alongside [his] ship’: Here taken to refer to the king’s ship, but skip could also be pl., as in ÍF 27 which translates við (önnur) skip ‘alongside (other) ships’.

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skip ‘ship’

skip (noun n.; °-s; -): ship

[8] skip: skipi 321ˣ

notes

[8] við skip ‘alongside [his] ship’: Here taken to refer to the king’s ship, but skip could also be pl., as in ÍF 27 which translates við (önnur) skip ‘alongside (other) ships’.

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fyrðar ‘men’

2. fyrðr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -): man

[8] fyrðar: fyrða 321ˣ, 73aˣ, 61, Flat, Tóm

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Erlingr Skjálgsson joins battle with King Óláfr and fights valiantly, with the odds against him. Sigvatr is in Vík (Viken) when he hears of the death of his friend Erlingr.

For the sea-battle at Bókn (Bokn in Boknafjorden, Jæren, Rogaland), c. 1027, see also Ólhelg Lv 6-7, BjHall Kálffl 1-2. — [5-8]: Finnur Jónsson in Skj B posits a convoluted word order which is deplored by Kock (NN §638) and avoided here.

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