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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv ErfÓl 24I

Judith Jesch (ed.) 2012, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Erfidrápa Óláfs helga 24’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 693.

Sigvatr ÞórðarsonErfidrápa Óláfs helga
232425

Gǫrt ‘made’

1. gera (verb): do, make

[1] Gǫrts þeims (‘Gort er þeim er’): Gǫrt var þeim Bb

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s ‘has been’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[1] Gǫrts þeims (‘Gort er þeim er’): Gǫrt var þeim Bb

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þeims ‘who’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[1] Gǫrts þeims (‘Gort er þeim er’): Gǫrt var þeim Bb

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gótt ‘a fine’

góðr (adj.): good

[1] gótt: ‘gutt’ Holm4

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gollit ‘A golden’

gullinn (adj.): golden

[2] gollit: golligt 39, F, E, J2ˣ, 325VI, 321ˣ, 73aˣ, 325V, Bb, goll 61, Flat, Tóm

notes

[2] gollit ‘golden’: The synonymous golligt is the reading of several mss.

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skrín ‘shrine’

skrín (noun n.; °-s; -): shrine

notes

[2] skrín ‘shrine’: This is the earliest example of this loan-word from Lat. scrinium, which in ON can mean either ‘shrine’ or ‘reliquary’ (see also ÞjóðA Magnfl 5/4II, and Anon Nkt 31/7II and Note). The prose context describes a large, body-sized structure, and this is supported by leiði ‘resting-place’ in l. 6 (see Note below), and by the term sæing ‘bed’ referring to the same structure in Þloft Glækv 6/3.

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at ‘for’

3. at (prep.): at, to

[2] at: af E, J2ˣ, 73aˣ, of Holm2, 325VI, 321ˣ, Holm4, 325V, 325VII, of veg 61, ‘vín’ Bb, af veg Flat, um veg Tóm

notes

[2] at ‘for’: Of ‘over’, in most early ÓH mss, is also a good reading.

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mínum ‘my’

minn (pron.; °f. mín, n. mitt): my

[2] mínum: sínum Flat

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hrósak ‘I praise’

hrósa (verb): praise

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helgi ‘the holiness’

helgi (noun f.; °-): holy

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ræsis ‘of the leader’

ræsir (noun m.): ruler

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sótti ‘went’

sœkja (verb): seek, attack

[4] sótti goð: sótt goði 325VII

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goð ‘to God’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

[4] sótti goð: sótt goði 325VII

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dróttni ‘lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

[4] dróttni: dróttin 39, F, 325VI, Holm4, 61, 325V, Bb, dróttinn E, J2ˣ, 321ˣ, Flat, drótti Tóm

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Ár ‘soon’

4. ár (adv.): of yore, previously, early

[5] Ár: þar 61, Flat, Tóm

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margr ‘Many a’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many

[5] margr: mestr 325VI, om. 321ˣ, marg Bb

kennings

Margr meiðr hrings,
‘Many a tree of the sword ’
   = MAN

Many a tree of the sword → MAN
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frá ‘from’

frá (prep.): from

notes

[5, 6] frá mæru leiði ‘from the glorious resting-place’: As pointed out in ÍF 28, this seems to refer to the shrine, rather than the more usual meaning of leiði, ‘grave’.

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mæru ‘the glorious’

2. mærr (adj.): famous

[5] mæru: mærum 61, 325V, 325VII, Flat, Tóm, mætu Bb

notes

[5, 6] frá mæru leiði ‘from the glorious resting-place’: As pointed out in ÍF 28, this seems to refer to the shrine, rather than the more usual meaning of leiði, ‘grave’.

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meiðr ‘tree’

meiðr (noun m.): beam, tree

kennings

Margr meiðr hrings,
‘Many a tree of the sword ’
   = MAN

Many a tree of the sword → MAN

notes

[6, 8] meiðr hrings ‘tree of the sword [WARRIOR]’: The sg. form of hrings suggests that here the meaning ‘sword’ (cf. Þhorn Harkv 1/1 and Note, Sigv Nesv 9/4, Sigv Berv 1/7II) is more appropriate than the more usual ‘(arm-)ring’, though both are possible.

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leiði ‘resting-place’

leiði (noun n.; °-s): grave

[6] leiði: reiði 61, Flat, Tóm

notes

[5, 6] frá mæru leiði ‘from the glorious resting-place’: As pointed out in ÍF 28, this seems to refer to the shrine, rather than the more usual meaning of leiði, ‘grave’.

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hreins ‘pure’

2. hreinn (adj.; °compar. hreinari/hreinni, superl. hreinastr/hreinstr): pure

notes

[7] hreins ‘pure’: (a) The adj. is likely to qualify konungs ‘king’ in this context of miracles (so also Skj B; ÍF 28). (b) Kock (NN §1118) takes it with hrings ‘sword’, citing several stanzas by Sigvatr that appear to be structured in the same way. As Kock notes, only the poet or his audience could know for certain which construal is correct.

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heilar ‘healed’

3. heill (adj.; °heilan; compar. heilli, superl. -astr/-str): healthy, hale, hail

[7] heilar: hvassar 39, helgar 61, Flat, Tóm

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hrings ‘of the sword’

1. hringr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ar): ring; sword

kennings

Margr meiðr hrings,
‘Many a tree of the sword ’
   = MAN

Many a tree of the sword → MAN

notes

[6, 8] meiðr hrings ‘tree of the sword [WARRIOR]’: The sg. form of hrings suggests that here the meaning ‘sword’ (cf. Þhorn Harkv 1/1 and Note, Sigv Nesv 9/4, Sigv Berv 1/7II) is more appropriate than the more usual ‘(arm-)ring’, though both are possible.

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es ‘who’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[8] es (‘er’): en 325VII

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King Magnús has a magnificent shrine made for his father’s relics, and many miracles take place at it.

[5-8]: For petitioners approaching Óláfr’s shrine with disabilities and leaving it healed, see also Þloft Glækv 8/5-8.

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