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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv Austv 15I

R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Austrfararvísur 15’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 604.

Sigvatr ÞórðarsonAustrfararvísur
141516

hafa ‘have’

hafa (verb): have

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augu ‘eyes’

auga (noun n.; °auga; augu/augun, gen. augna): eye

[1] augu: augun 325V, 325VI, 73aˣ, 68, 61, Holm4, Flat, Tóm, Kˣ, Bb

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íslenzk ‘Icelandic’

íslenzkr (adj.): [Icelandic]

[2] íslenzk: íslenzku 972ˣ

notes

[2] íslenzk ‘Icelandic’: This statement that the skald is Icelandic is exceptional (Finnur Jónsson 1904-5a, 136).

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kona ‘woman’

kona (noun f.; °-u; -ur/-r(KlmA1980 116¹¹), gen. pl. kvenna/kvinna): woman

[2] kona: so 972ˣ, 73aˣ, Holm4, Flat, konan Holm2, 325V, R686ˣ, J2ˣ, 325VI, 75a, 68, 61, 325VII, Tóm, Kˣ, Bb

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vísat ‘shown’

2. vísa (verb): show

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brasttan ‘’

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brattan ‘a steep’

brattr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): steep

[3] brattan: ‘brasttan’ R686ˣ

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at ‘to’

3. at (prep.): at, to

[3] at: af J2ˣ, á Tóm

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langt ‘a long way’

langr (adj.; °compar. lengri, superl. lengstr): long

[4] langt: rétt Flat

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in ‘’

2. inn (art.): the

[4] in: enu Tóm

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svǫrtu ‘black’

svartr (adj.): black

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mjǫð ‘mead’

mjǫðr (noun m.; °dat. miði): mead < mjǫðnanna (noun f.)mjǫðr (noun m.; °dat. miði): mead

kennings

mjǫð-Nanna.
‘mead-Nanna.’
   = WOMAN

mead-Nanna. → WOMAN
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Nannan ‘’

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Nanna ‘Nanna’

Nanna (noun f.): Nanna < mjǫðnanna (noun f.)

[5] Nanna: so Flat, Nannan Holm2, 325V, R686ˣ, 972ˣ, J2ˣ, 325VI, 75a, 73aˣ, 68, 61, Holm4, 325VII, Tóm, Kˣ, Bb

kennings

mjǫð-Nanna.
‘mead-Nanna.’
   = WOMAN

mead-Nanna. → WOMAN

notes

[5] Nanna ‘Nanna <goddess>’: Wife of Óðinn’s son Baldr. Noreen (1922a, 21) points out that this is one of just seven instances in Sigvatr’s poetry in which a pagan deity is named. The woman addressed in the stanza is unidentified and the figure in the prose context seems to be no more than an extrapolation from the stanza.

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manni ‘husband’

maðr (noun m.): man, person

[5] manni: menn R686ˣ, minni 325VI, om. Bb

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mínn ‘of mine’

minn (pron.; °f. mín, n. mitt): my

[6] mínn ókunnar: so 325VI, Holm4, mín ókunnar Holm2, R686ˣ, 972ˣ, J2ˣ, 75a, 73aˣ, 68, 325VII, Flat, Tóm, mínu kunnar 325V, mínn ókunnan Kˣ, mínn ókunnir Bb

notes

[6] mínn ‘of mine’: On the facultative retention of vowel length in this and similar forms, see the Note to Sigv Lv 3/4.

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ókunnar ‘unknown’

ókunnr (adj.): unknown

[6] mínn ókunnar: so 325VI, Holm4, mín ókunnar Holm2, R686ˣ, 972ˣ, J2ˣ, 75a, 73aˣ, 68, 325VII, Flat, Tóm, mínu kunnar 325V, mínn ókunnan Kˣ, mínn ókunnir Bb

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þinnum ‘’

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þínum ‘to your’

þinn (pron.; °f. þín, n. þitt): your

[6] þínum: ‘þinnum’ 972ˣ, sínum corrected from þínum 325VII

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fótr ‘foot’

1. fótr (noun m.): foot, leg

[7] fótr: so 972ˣ, 73aˣ, 61, Holm4, Kˣ, fœtr Holm2, 325V, R686ˣ, J2ˣ, 75a, 68, Flat, Tóm, Bb, fót 325VI, 325VII

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á ‘on’

3. á (prep.): on, at

[7] á: um 972ˣ

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brutir ‘’

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brautir ‘ways’

1. braut (noun f.; °dat. -/-u; -ir): path, way; away

[7] brautir: ‘brutir’ R686ˣ

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The jarl gives Sigvatr an arm-ring as a reward, and when a woman who is present remarks that Sigvatr has not travelled for nothing with those dark eyes of his, he responds with a stanza.

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