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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Rv Lv 16II

Judith Jesch (ed.) 2009, ‘Rǫgnvaldr jarl Kali Kolsson, Lausavísur 16’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 594.

Rǫgnvaldr jarl Kali KolssonLausavísur
151617

Ermingerðar ‘of Ermingerðr’

Ermingerðr (noun f.): Ermingerðr

notes

[1] Ermingerðar ‘of Ermingerðr’: See Note to st. 15 [All] above.

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ítr ‘The outstanding’

ítr (adj.): glorious

notes

[2] ítr drengr ‘the outstanding warrior’: As Kock pointed out (NN §2066), Rǫgnvaldr was not shy about using such expressions about himself; see also sts 8, 14.

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drengr ‘warrior’

drengr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja): man, warrior

notes

[2] ítr drengr ‘the outstanding warrior’: As Kock pointed out (NN §2066), Rǫgnvaldr was not shy about using such expressions about himself; see also sts 8, 14.

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lengi ‘for a long time’

lengi (adv.): for a long time

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rǫkk ‘the stately’

rakkr (adj.; °compar. -ari): bold

[3] rǫkk: rǫsk R702ˣ

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ríðim ‘ride’

1. ríða (verb): ride

[3] ríðim: ríðum R702ˣ

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Rán ‘Rán’s’

Rán (noun f.): Rán < Ránheimr (noun m.)

kennings

Ránheim
‘Rán’s world ’
   = SEA

Rán’s world → SEA
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heim ‘world’

heimr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar): home, abode; world < Ránheimr (noun m.)

kennings

Ránheim
‘Rán’s world ’
   = SEA

Rán’s world → SEA
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Jórðánar ‘the Jordan’

Jórdán (noun f.): River Jordan

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runnar ‘the trees’

runnr (noun m.; °dat. -i/-; -ar): bush, tree

kennings

runnar unnviggs
‘the trees of the wave-horse ’
   = SEAFARERS

the wave-horse → SHIP
the trees of the SHIP → SEAFARERS
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unn ‘of the wave’

2. unnr (noun f.): wave < unnviggr (noun m.): wave-steed

kennings

runnar unnviggs
‘the trees of the wave-horse ’
   = SEAFARERS

the wave-horse → SHIP
the trees of the SHIP → SEAFARERS
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unn ‘of the wave’

2. unnr (noun f.): wave < unnviggr (noun m.): wave-steed

kennings

runnar unnviggs
‘the trees of the wave-horse ’
   = SEAFARERS

the wave-horse → SHIP
the trees of the SHIP → SEAFARERS
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viggs ‘horse’

viggr (noun m.): horse < unnviggr (noun m.): wave-steed

kennings

runnar unnviggs
‘the trees of the wave-horse ’
   = SEAFARERS

the wave-horse → SHIP
the trees of the SHIP → SEAFARERS
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viggs ‘horse’

viggr (noun m.): horse < unnviggr (noun m.): wave-steed

kennings

runnar unnviggs
‘the trees of the wave-horse ’
   = SEAFARERS

the wave-horse → SHIP
the trees of the SHIP → SEAFARERS
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of ‘across’

3. of (prep.): around, from; too

[6] of: fyrir Flat

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sunnan ‘from the south’

sunnan (adv.): (from the) south

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rístum ‘We will carve’

rísta (verb): carve, raise

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hval ‘the whale’

hvalr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ir/-ar): whale < hvalfrón (noun n.)

kennings

hvalfrón
‘the whale-country ’
   = SEA

the whale-country → SEA
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frón ‘country’

2. frón (noun n.): earth, land < hvalfrón (noun n.)

kennings

hvalfrón
‘the whale-country ’
   = SEA

the whale-country → SEA
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Nerbónar ‘Narbonne’

Nerbón (noun f.): [Narbonne]

[8] Nerbónar: so Flat, R702ˣ, ‘nerbvnar’ corrected from ‘velbvnar’ 325I

notes

[8] Nerbónar ‘Narbonne’: While the first element of this p. n. is variously spelled Ner- and Nar- in the mss of Orkn (1913-16, 231, 234, 250), the vowel of the second element is confirmed by the rhyme both in this st. and in st. 25.

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Having left Narbonne, Rǫgnvaldr and his poets are sailing in a good wind, and are sitting and drinking, and in good spirits. Rǫgnvaldr, Ármóðr and Oddi each recite a st. containing Ermingerðr’s name.

[7]: Kock (NN §806) suggests that at hausti ‘in the autumn’ (and therefore also heim ‘home’) should be construed with rístum ‘we will carve’ while Sigurður Nordal (Orkn 1913-16; so also Skj B) punctuates the l. so that heim but not at hausti is construed with rístum. However, it seems unlikely that Rǫgnvaldr would refer to Narbonne as heim, and both ÍF 34 and Bibire 1988 construe heim at hausti with the verb fara, as here, where it is assumed that Rǫgnvaldr is promising Ermingerðr to look in on her on his way back home.

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