Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Ótt Hfl 7I

Matthew Townend (ed.) 2012, ‘Óttarr svarti, Hǫfuðlausn 7’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 749.

Óttarr svartiHǫfuðlausn

Gildir ‘Supporter’

gildir (noun m.): payer, supporter

[1] Gildir: gildr J1ˣ, J2ˣ, Bb, Flat, Tóm, mildr 325VI, 73aˣ, 78aˣ, gildis 68, 325V


Gildir flotna,
‘Supporter of seafarers, ’
   = RULER

Supporter of seafarers, → RULER

komt ‘you forced’

koma (verb; kem, kom/kvam, kominn): come

[1] komt (‘comtu’): ‘komtu gar’ J1ˣ, J2ˣ, komtu gramr 325VI, 73aˣ, 78aˣ


at ‘to’

3. at (prep.): at, to

[1] at: til 325VI, 73aˣ, 78aˣ


gjaldi ‘[pay] tribute’

gjald (noun n.): payment, reward, return

[1] gjaldi: gjalda J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 325VI, 73aˣ, 78aˣ, 325V, Tóm, gildi Bb


gotneskum ‘the Gotland’

gotneskr (adj.): [Gotland]

[2] gotneskum: gotverskum Flat


flotna ‘of seafarers’

flotnar (noun m.): mariners

[2] flotna: flótta Flat


Gildir flotna,
‘Supporter of seafarers, ’
   = RULER

Supporter of seafarers, → RULER

þorðut ‘did not dare’

þora (verb): dare


þér ‘against you’

þú (pron.; °gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik): you

[3] þér: þeir Bb, Flat


varða ‘defend’

2. varða (verb): defend

[3] varða: verja J1ˣ, J2ˣ, verða 61


þjóð ‘the nation’s’

þjóð (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir): people < þjóðland (noun n.): empire

[4] þjóð‑: þat Holm2, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 325VI, 73aˣ, 78aˣ


lǫnd ‘lands’

land (noun n.; °-s; *-): land < þjóðland (noun n.): empire

[4] ‑lǫnd: land Holm2, J2ˣ, 78aˣ, Tóm, lǫnd or land J1ˣ, 325VI, 73aˣ, 68, 61, Bb


firar ‘the men’

firar (noun m.): men

[4] firar: jǫfurr Holm2, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 325VI, 73aˣ, 78aˣ, fyrir 68, farar Tóm


rǫndu ‘shield’

rǫnd (noun f.; °dat. -/-u; rendr/randir): shield, shield-rim

[4] rǫndu: brandi Holm2, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 325VI, 73aˣ, 78aˣ, 61, rǫndum 325V


maðr ‘a man’

maðr (noun m.): man, person

[5] maðr: meðr 61


of ‘’

4. of (particle): (before verb)


[6] býr of ‘possesses’: See LP: búa 4.


varga ‘of the wolves’

vargr (noun m.; °dat. -i; -ar): wolf

[6] varga: vargar Tóm


hungr ‘the hunger’

2. hungr (noun n.): hunger

[7] hungr: ungr J1ˣ, J2ˣ


frák ‘I heard’

1. fregna (verb): hear of

[7] frák: bratt 325VI, 73aˣ, 78aˣ


an ‘than’

2. an (conj.): than

[7] an (‘enn’): so Holm2, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 325VI, 68, 61, 325V, Bb, Flat, Tóm, hinn Kˣ, 73aˣ, 78aˣ


yngvi ‘the king’

Yngvi (noun m.): Yngvi, prince

[7] yngvi: ungi Holm2, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 325VI, 73aˣ, 78aˣ, 325V, ‘yngni’ 61, ‘vngvi’ Bb


Eysýslu ‘of Saaremaa’

Eysýsla (noun f.): [Saaremaa]


lið ‘The people’

lið (noun n.; °-s; -): retinue, troop

[8] lið: gekk 325V


þeyja ‘to be diminished’

þeyja (verb): [to be diminished]

[8] þeyja: þeysa 325VI, 73aˣ, 78aˣ, heyja 68, 325V, deyja 61, þreyja Tóm


Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Óláfr proceeds to Gotland and prepares to raid there, but the Gotlanders send a delegation with an offer of tribute which is accepted.

The attack on Eysýsla (Saaremaa), though not on Gotland, is also commemorated in Sigv Víkv 2. — [3-4]: The A-class mss of ÓH read instead þorðut þér at varða | þat land, jǫfurr, brandi ‘they did not dare to defend that land against you, prince, with the sword’. — [5-8]: The Prose order above follows that of ÍF 27. Skj B takes the clause following en ‘and/but’ to be frák ... ‘I heard ...’ rather than margr maðr ... ‘many a man ’. Kock (NN §726) adopts the reading þeysa ‘to make rush’ for þeyja (and hinn for an), and construes hinn yngvi rann lið Eysýslu þeysa, with a proposed meaning ‘the king went to put the people of Eysýsla to flight’ (but see NN §2780 for second thoughts). One problem with this is that it leaves frák … without an inf. (‘I heard about the wolves’ hunger in the east’), and the construction renna ‘run, go’ + þeysa ‘make rush’ does not convince. — [8] Eysýsla ‘Saaremaa’: Lit. ‘Island-district’. The Estonian island known as Ösel in Swedish.


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