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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Ník Jóndr 1VII

Beatrice La Farge (ed.) 2007, ‘Níkulás Bergsson, Jónsdrápa postula 1’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 67.

Níkulás BergssonJónsdrápa postula
12

Unni ‘granted’

1. unna (verb): love

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allra ‘of all’

allr (adj.): all

[1] allra: ‘all[...]a’ 649a

notes

[1] allra ‘of all’: Earlier eds read <r> without comment, but the letter is now no longer visible.

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Valði ‘chose’

velja (verb): choose

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heims ‘of the world’

heimr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar): home, abode; world

kennings

Hauksnjallr konungr heims ok hǫlða, sárvæginn,
‘Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners], ’
   = God

Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners], → God
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ok ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

kennings

Hauksnjallr konungr heims ok hǫlða, sárvæginn,
‘Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners], ’
   = God

Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners], → God
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hǫlða ‘men’

hǫlðr (noun m.; °-s; -ar): man

kennings

Hauksnjallr konungr heims ok hǫlða, sárvæginn,
‘Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners], ’
   = God

Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners], → God
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hauk ‘as a hawk’

1. haukr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar): hawk < hauksnjallr (adj.): hawk-brave

kennings

Hauksnjallr konungr heims ok hǫlða, sárvæginn,
‘Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners], ’
   = God

Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners], → God
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snjallr ‘Courageous’

snjallr (adj.): quick, resourceful, bold < hauksnjallr (adj.): hawk-brave

kennings

Hauksnjallr konungr heims ok hǫlða, sárvæginn,
‘Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners], ’
   = God

Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners], → God
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konungr ‘the king’

konungr (noun m.; °dat. -i, -s; -ar): king

kennings

Hauksnjallr konungr heims ok hǫlða, sárvæginn,
‘Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners], ’
   = God

Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners], → God
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allrar ‘of all’

allr (adj.): all

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sár ‘to sin[ners]’

2. sár (noun n.; °-s; -): wound < sárvæginn (adj./verb p.p.)

kennings

Hauksnjallr konungr heims ok hǫlða, sárvæginn,
‘Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners], ’
   = God

Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners], → God
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væginn ‘merciful’

væginn (adj.): lenient, balanced < sárvæginn (adj./verb p.p.)

kennings

Hauksnjallr konungr heims ok hǫlða, sárvæginn,
‘Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners], ’
   = God

Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners], → God
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frægjan ‘famous one’

frægr (adj.; °-jan/-an; compar. -ri, superl. -jastr/-astr/-str): famous, renowned

notes

[8] frægan ‘famous one’: Finnur Jónsson and Kock (Skald) unnecessarily normalise frægan to frægjan. Adjs of the ja-declension are often inflected like adjs of the a-declension (cf. ANG §431, Anm.1).

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

See Introduction.

The statement that S. John is second to Mary alone in purity is the highest form of praise, since Mary is the Virgin Mother of God. S. John was considered to be a virgin (Kirschbaum et al. 1968-76, VII, 112, 114), in contrast to the other Apostles, who were held to be married men.

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