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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Mark Eirdr 32II

Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 32’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 460.

Markús SkeggjasonEiríksdrápa
3132

hefr ‘It is’

hafa (verb): have

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fœðisk ‘might be born’

2. fœða (verb): to feed, give food to, bring up, bear, give birth to

[1] fœðisk: finnisk B(5r/6), B(5r/19)

notes

[1] fœðisk ‘might be born’: Finnisk (subj.) ‘might be found’, the reading of B, provides an acceptable alternative reading.

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dýrri ‘a more precious’

dýrr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -str/-astr): precious

kennings

dýrri vǫrðr flotna
‘a more precious guardian of sea-warriors ’
   = RULER

a more precious guardian of sea-warriors → RULER
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flotna ‘of sea-warriors’

flotnar (noun m.): mariners

kennings

dýrri vǫrðr flotna
‘a more precious guardian of sea-warriors ’
   = RULER

a more precious guardian of sea-warriors → RULER
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vǫrðr ‘guardian’

vǫrðr (noun m.; °varðar, dat. verði/vǫrð; verðir, acc. vǫrðu): guardian, defender

kennings

dýrri vǫrðr flotna
‘a more precious guardian of sea-warriors ’
   = RULER

a more precious guardian of sea-warriors → RULER
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á ‘on’

3. á (prep.): on, at

notes

[2, 4] á gjalfri kringðum botni élkers ‘on the surge-encircled bottom of the storm-vessel [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH]’: Cf. Sturl Hákkv 5/6-8 á víðum botni vindkers, kringðum gjálfri ‘on the wide bottom of the wind-vessel [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH], encircled by the surge’.

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él ‘of the storm’

kennings

gjalfri kringðum botni élkers;
‘the surge-encircled bottom of the storm-vessel; ’
   = EARTH

the storm-vessel; → SKY/HEAVEN
the surge-encircled bottom of the SKY/HEAVEN → EARTH

notes

[2, 4] á gjalfri kringðum botni élkers ‘on the surge-encircled bottom of the storm-vessel [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH]’: Cf. Sturl Hákkv 5/6-8 á víðum botni vindkers, kringðum gjálfri ‘on the wide bottom of the wind-vessel [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH], encircled by the surge’.

Close

él ‘of the storm’

kennings

gjalfri kringðum botni élkers;
‘the surge-encircled bottom of the storm-vessel; ’
   = EARTH

the storm-vessel; → SKY/HEAVEN
the surge-encircled bottom of the SKY/HEAVEN → EARTH

notes

[2, 4] á gjalfri kringðum botni élkers ‘on the surge-encircled bottom of the storm-vessel [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH]’: Cf. Sturl Hákkv 5/6-8 á víðum botni vindkers, kringðum gjálfri ‘on the wide bottom of the wind-vessel [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH], encircled by the surge’.

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kers ‘vessel’

kennings

gjalfri kringðum botni élkers;
‘the surge-encircled bottom of the storm-vessel; ’
   = EARTH

the storm-vessel; → SKY/HEAVEN
the surge-encircled bottom of the SKY/HEAVEN → EARTH

notes

[2, 4] á gjalfri kringðum botni élkers ‘on the surge-encircled bottom of the storm-vessel [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH]’: Cf. Sturl Hákkv 5/6-8 á víðum botni vindkers, kringðum gjálfri ‘on the wide bottom of the wind-vessel [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH], encircled by the surge’.

Close

kers ‘vessel’

kennings

gjalfri kringðum botni élkers;
‘the surge-encircled bottom of the storm-vessel; ’
   = EARTH

the storm-vessel; → SKY/HEAVEN
the surge-encircled bottom of the SKY/HEAVEN → EARTH

notes

[2, 4] á gjalfri kringðum botni élkers ‘on the surge-encircled bottom of the storm-vessel [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH]’: Cf. Sturl Hákkv 5/6-8 á víðum botni vindkers, kringðum gjálfri ‘on the wide bottom of the wind-vessel [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH], encircled by the surge’.

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botni ‘bottom’

botn (noun m.; °dat. -i; -ar): bottom

kennings

gjalfri kringðum botni élkers;
‘the surge-encircled bottom of the storm-vessel; ’
   = EARTH

the storm-vessel; → SKY/HEAVEN
the surge-encircled bottom of the SKY/HEAVEN → EARTH

notes

[2, 4] á gjalfri kringðum botni élkers ‘on the surge-encircled bottom of the storm-vessel [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH]’: Cf. Sturl Hákkv 5/6-8 á víðum botni vindkers, kringðum gjálfri ‘on the wide bottom of the wind-vessel [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH], encircled by the surge’.

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hverr ‘each’

2. hverr (pron.): who, whom, each, every

[3] hverr: ‘[…]verr’ B(5r/6), hverr 744ˣ

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hring ‘of the ring’

1. hringr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ar): ring; sword < hringvǫrpuðr (noun m.)

kennings

hringvarpaðar.
‘of the ring-thrower.’
   = GENEROUS RULER

the ring-thrower. → GENEROUS RULER
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varpaðar ‘thrower’

varpaðr (noun m.): [thrower] < hringvǫrpuðr (noun m.)

[4] ‑varpaðar: ‑varpaðan B(5r/6)

kennings

hringvarpaðar.
‘of the ring-thrower.’
   = GENEROUS RULER

the ring-thrower. → GENEROUS RULER
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gjalfri ‘the surge’

gjalfr (noun n.; °-s): surge, waves

kennings

gjalfri kringðum botni élkers;
‘the surge-encircled bottom of the storm-vessel; ’
   = EARTH

the storm-vessel; → SKY/HEAVEN
the surge-encircled bottom of the SKY/HEAVEN → EARTH

notes

[2, 4] á gjalfri kringðum botni élkers ‘on the surge-encircled bottom of the storm-vessel [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH]’: Cf. Sturl Hákkv 5/6-8 á víðum botni vindkers, kringðum gjálfri ‘on the wide bottom of the wind-vessel [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH], encircled by the surge’.

Close

kringðum ‘encircled’

2. kringr (adj.; °compar. -ri): [encircled]

kennings

gjalfri kringðum botni élkers;
‘the surge-encircled bottom of the storm-vessel; ’
   = EARTH

the storm-vessel; → SKY/HEAVEN
the surge-encircled bottom of the SKY/HEAVEN → EARTH

notes

[2, 4] á gjalfri kringðum botni élkers ‘on the surge-encircled bottom of the storm-vessel [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH]’: Cf. Sturl Hákkv 5/6-8 á víðum botni vindkers, kringðum gjálfri ‘on the wide bottom of the wind-vessel [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH], encircled by the surge’.

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

This helmingr is cited in SnE (Skm) in a section illustrating kennings for ‘sky’. The first l. is repeated in the following section, on kennings for ‘earth’. In B, the half-st. is recorded in a section with kennings for ‘the world’ and l. 1 is repeated in the subsequent section with kennings for ‘earth’.

The content of the helmingr contains formulas characteristic of the conclusions of royal encomia (see Fidjestøl 1982, 153).

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