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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Mark Eirdr 25II

Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 25’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 454-5.

Markús SkeggjasonEiríksdrápa

text and translation

Dróttinn lét í Danmǫrk settan,
dǫglings grundar, skammt frá Lundi
erkistól, þanns ǫll þjóð dýrkar,
eljunþungr, á danska tungu.
Hildingr framði heilagt veldi;
hvargegnan má Ǫzur fregna
— hônum vísar haulda reynir
himna stíg — til byskups vígðan.

Eljunþungr dróttinn lét settan erkistól í Danmǫrk skammt frá Lundi, þanns ǫll þjóð dǫglings grundar dýrkar á danska tungu. Hildingr framði heilagt veldi; má fregna hvargegnan Ǫzur vígðan til byskups; {reynir haulda} vísar hônum stíg himna.
‘The energetic lord had an archbishopric established in Denmark a short way from Lund, which all the people of the ruler’s land worship in the Danish tongue. The prince advanced the holy kingdom; one can hear that the very capable Ǫzurr was ordained bishop; the trier of freeholders [= God] shows him the path to the heavens.

notes and context

The establishment of the archbishopric in Lund and Eiríkr’s choice of Ǫzurr Sveinsson, bishop of Lund, as the first archbishop.

For the events that led up the establishment of this archbishopric in 1104, see sts 8-12 above. — [1-4]: Skj B (so also Skald and ÍF 35) emends dǫglings m. gen. sg. ‘the ruler’s’ (l. 2) to dǫglingr m. nom. sg. and selects dróttum f. dat. pl. ‘people, men’ (l. 1), the reading of 180b, to produce the following version: eljunþungr dǫglingr grundar lét settan dróttum erkistól í Danmǫrk skammt frá Lundi, þanns ǫll þjóð dýrkar á danska tungu ‘the energetic lord of the land had an archbishopric established for his people in Denmark a short way from Lund, which all people worship in the Danish tongue’. The selection of dróttum was no doubt partly owing to the misreading of the B-class ms. 20b II which, however, reads dróttinn as do the A-class mss. While the reading offered here is unusually complex in syntax for Markús, it is better supported by the ms. witnesses.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Markús Skeggjason, 1. Eiríksdrápa 27: AI, 450, BI, 418-19, Skald I, 207; 1741, 166-7, ÍF 35, 234 (ch. 80).


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