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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Mark Eirdr 20II

Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 20’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 449.

Markús SkeggjasonEiríksdrápa
192021

Heiðin ‘The heathen’

heiðinn (adj.): heathen

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hryggðar ‘sorrow’

hryggð (noun f.; °-ar): sorrow < hryggðarfullr (adj.)

[2] hryggðar‑: hryggða‑ 180b

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eldi ‘fire’

eldi (noun n.): fire

[3] eldi: eldrinn 180b

notes

[3] eldi (dat. sg.) ‘fire’: Skald adopts the reading of 180b, eldrinn (nom. sg. with def. art) ‘the fire’, but impersonal svífa ‘sweep’ with dat. is an acceptable construction, and cf. st. 18/1, where the scribe of 180b similarly converts impersonal drífa ‘splatter’ with dat. to a personal construction.

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sveif ‘swept’

svífa (verb): sweep

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ótal ‘an untold number’

ótal (noun n.): countless

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haulda ‘of freeholders’

hǫlðr (noun m.; °-s; -ar): man

notes

[3] haulda (gen. pl.) ‘of freeholders’: For this form, see Note to Anon Nkt 15/2.

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kyndusk ‘were kindled’

kynda (verb): kindle

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vítt ‘far and wide’

víðr (adj.): far

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falla ‘fell’

falla (verb): fall

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þótti ‘seemed’

2. þykkja (verb): seem, think

[7] þótti: þóttu 180b

notes

[7-8] grand elris þótti ‘the harmer of the alder-tree [FIRE] seemed’: 180b offers a grammatically and metrically acceptable, but unlikely, alternative with the verb and the subject in the pl.: grǫnd elris þóttu ‘the harmers of the alder-tree seemed’.

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elris ‘of the alder-tree’

elri (noun n.): alder-tree

kennings

grand elris
‘the harmer of the alder-tree ’
   = FIRE

the harmer of the alder-tree → FIRE

notes

[7-8] grand elris þótti ‘the harmer of the alder-tree [FIRE] seemed’: 180b offers a grammatically and metrically acceptable, but unlikely, alternative with the verb and the subject in the pl.: grǫnd elris þóttu ‘the harmers of the alder-tree seemed’.

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grand ‘the harmer’

grand (noun n.): injury

[8] grand: grǫnd 180b

kennings

grand elris
‘the harmer of the alder-tree ’
   = FIRE

the harmer of the alder-tree → FIRE

notes

[7-8] grand elris þótti ‘the harmer of the alder-tree [FIRE] seemed’: 180b offers a grammatically and metrically acceptable, but unlikely, alternative with the verb and the subject in the pl.: grǫnd elris þóttu ‘the harmers of the alder-tree seemed’.

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standa ‘to stretch’

standa (verb): stand

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

As sts 14-19. After the victory described in st. 19, Eiríkr set out with his army to punish the insubordinate Wends, burning districts far and wide.

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