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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Máni Lv 3II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Máni, Lausavísur 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 643-4.

MániLausavísur
23

Gígjan ‘The fiddle’

1. gígja (noun f.): fiddle

notes

[1] gígjan ‘the fiddle’: Skj B and Skald omit the suffixed def. art., but that is unnecessary given the relatively late date of the st. (see ANG §472). For gígja, see Note to Lv 2/1 above.

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syngr ‘sings’

syngja (verb): sing

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þars ‘where’

þars (conj.): where

notes

[1] þars ganga ‘where walk’: Skj B construes ganga as the gen. pl. of gangr ‘continuous sound’ which is taken with pípu (f. gen. sg.) ‘flute’ (l. 2) (see also LP: gangr 2): menn grípa til pípu ganga ‘men grasp the flute’s continuous sound’ (so also ÍF 30). Kock emends ganga to gǫngu which he takes as the first element in a cpd gǫngumenn (NN §1166). ON gǫngumenn means ‘beggars’, but Kock construes the meaning vandrande spelmän ‘wandering minstrels’.

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ganga ‘walk’

2. ganga (verb; geng, gekk, gengu, genginn): walk, go

notes

[1] þars ganga ‘where walk’: Skj B construes ganga as the gen. pl. of gangr ‘continuous sound’ which is taken with pípu (f. gen. sg.) ‘flute’ (l. 2) (see also LP: gangr 2): menn grípa til pípu ganga ‘men grasp the flute’s continuous sound’ (so also ÍF 30). Kock emends ganga to gǫngu which he takes as the first element in a cpd gǫngumenn (NN §1166). ON gǫngumenn means ‘beggars’, but Kock construes the meaning vandrande spelmän ‘wandering minstrels’.

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pípu ‘the flute’

1. pípa (noun f.; °-u; -ur): flute

notes

[2] pípu ‘the flute’: For this instrument, see Note to ESk Lv 3/6, 8.

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fœra ‘they bring’

2. fœra (verb): bring

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fólsku ‘foolishness’

fólska (noun f.): [foolishness]

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bleikir ‘the pale’

2. bleikr (adj.): pale

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þýtr ‘blows’

þjóta (verb): roar

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trumbu ‘the trumpet’

1. trumba (noun f.; °-u; -ur): [trumpet]

notes

[6] trumbu ‘the trumpet’: Trumba ‘trumpet’ was a larger straight wind-instrument, probably somewhat like the tuba ‘war-trumpet’ of Roman antiquity (see Panum 1934, 65).

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kníðan ‘the stuffed’

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As st. 2 above.

[1-4]: In the present edn, bleikir leikarar ‘the pale minstrels’ (l. 4) function as the subject of the verb ganga ‘walk’ (l. 1). Skj B, Skald and ÍF 30 treat ll. 3-4 as one cl.: bleikir leikarar fœra framm stóra fólsku ‘the pale minstrels bring forth great foolishness’.

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