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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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KormǪ Sigdr 2III

Edith Marold (ed.) 2017, ‘Kormákr Ǫgmundarson, Sigurðardrápa 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 277.

Kormákr ǪgmundarsonSigurðardrápa
123

Meiðr ‘The tree’

meiðr (noun m.): beam, tree

[1] Meiðr: ‘Mei[...]r’ C

kennings

Meiðr morðteins
‘The tree of the battle-twig ’
   = WARRIOR

the battle-twig → SWORD
The tree of the SWORD → WARRIOR
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mǫrgum ‘more outstanding’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many

Close

œðri ‘than many’

œðri (adj. comp.): nobler, higher

[1] œðri: so all others, eyðri R

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morð ‘of the battle’

1. morð (noun n.; °-s; -): killing, battle < morðteinn (noun m.)

kennings

Meiðr morðteins
‘The tree of the battle-twig ’
   = WARRIOR

the battle-twig → SWORD
The tree of the SWORD → WARRIOR

notes

[2] morðteins ‘of the battle-twig [SWORD]’: All mss have ‑reins. But ‘reins’, which could be interpreted as hreins ‘of the reindeer’ or as m. gen. of the adj. hreinn ‘clean, pure’, does not make any sense in the present context. This edn therefore adopts the emendation ‑teins ‘of the twig’ following previous eds (SnE 1848-87, I; Skj B; Skald; SnE 1998).

Close

morð ‘of the battle’

1. morð (noun n.; °-s; -): killing, battle < morðteinn (noun m.)

kennings

Meiðr morðteins
‘The tree of the battle-twig ’
   = WARRIOR

the battle-twig → SWORD
The tree of the SWORD → WARRIOR

notes

[2] morðteins ‘of the battle-twig [SWORD]’: All mss have ‑reins. But ‘reins’, which could be interpreted as hreins ‘of the reindeer’ or as m. gen. of the adj. hreinn ‘clean, pure’, does not make any sense in the present context. This edn therefore adopts the emendation ‑teins ‘of the twig’ following previous eds (SnE 1848-87, I; Skj B; Skald; SnE 1998).

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teins ‘twig’

teinn (noun m.; °dat. teini; teinar): twig, rod < morðteinn (noun m.)

[2] ‑teins: ‑reins all

kennings

Meiðr morðteins
‘The tree of the battle-twig ’
   = WARRIOR

the battle-twig → SWORD
The tree of the SWORD → WARRIOR

notes

[2] morðteins ‘of the battle-twig [SWORD]’: All mss have ‑reins. But ‘reins’, which could be interpreted as hreins ‘of the reindeer’ or as m. gen. of the adj. hreinn ‘clean, pure’, does not make any sense in the present context. This edn therefore adopts the emendation ‑teins ‘of the twig’ following previous eds (SnE 1848-87, I; Skj B; Skald; SnE 1998).

Close

teins ‘twig’

teinn (noun m.; °dat. teini; teinar): twig, rod < morðteinn (noun m.)

[2] ‑teins: ‑reins all

kennings

Meiðr morðteins
‘The tree of the battle-twig ’
   = WARRIOR

the battle-twig → SWORD
The tree of the SWORD → WARRIOR

notes

[2] morðteins ‘of the battle-twig [SWORD]’: All mss have ‑reins. But ‘reins’, which could be interpreted as hreins ‘of the reindeer’ or as m. gen. of the adj. hreinn ‘clean, pure’, does not make any sense in the present context. This edn therefore adopts the emendation ‑teins ‘of the twig’ following previous eds (SnE 1848-87, I; Skj B; Skald; SnE 1998).

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dyn ‘the din’

dynr (noun m.; °dat. -; -ir): din

[2] dyn: ‘d[...]’ U

kennings

dyn fleina;
‘the din of spears; ’
   = BATTLE

the din of spears; → BATTLE
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fleina ‘of spears’

fleinn (noun m.; °dat. fleini): spear

[2] fleina: ‘flei[...]’ U

kennings

dyn fleina;
‘the din of spears; ’
   = BATTLE

the din of spears; → BATTLE
Close

hjǫrr ‘the sword’

hjǫrr (noun m.): sword

[3] hjǫrr: ‘[...]’ U

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fær ‘provides’

2. fá (verb; °fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn): get, receive

[3] fær: so W, ‘fæ(r)’(?) R, hefr Tˣ, ‘[…]’ U, fyr A, ferr C

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hildi ‘battle’

1. hildr (noun f.): battle < hildibarr (adj.)

[3] hildi‑: so Tˣ, W, A, hildum‑ R, ‘[...]’ U, hildar‑ C

notes

[3] hildibǫrrum ‘battle-ready’: The mss give three variants: hildum bǫrrum ‘the one ready for battles’ (R), hildarbǫrrum ‘battle-ready’ as a gen. cpd (C) and hildibǫrrum ‘battle-ready’ as a cpd containing the stem-form hildi-, from hildr, f. -stem (, W, A). All three variants are possible; the present edn follows the majority of mss.

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bǫrrum ‘ready’

3. barr (adj.): ready < hildibarr (adj.)

notes

[3] hildibǫrrum ‘battle-ready’: The mss give three variants: hildum bǫrrum ‘the one ready for battles’ (R), hildarbǫrrum ‘battle-ready’ as a gen. cpd (C) and hildibǫrrum ‘battle-ready’ as a cpd containing the stem-form hildi-, from hildr, f. -stem (, W, A). All three variants are possible; the present edn follows the majority of mss.

Close

hjarl ‘with land’

hjarl (noun n.): land

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Sigvarði ‘Sigurðr’

Sigurðr (noun m.): Sigurðr

[4] Sigvarði: Sigurði all

notes

[4] Sigvarði ‘Sigurðr’: For normalisation to the more archaic form of this name (Sigvarði, nom. Sigvǫrðr, rather than Sigurði), which is required by the metre, see Note to Bragi Rdr 2/3-4.

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The helmingr is cited in Skm (SnE) as an example of a noun denoting ‘tree’ (meiðr) appearing as a base-word in a kenning for ‘man’.

This stanza refers to a Sigurðr jarl (see Note to st. 1/1, 2, 4), although other sources do not connect him with any warlike undertakings.

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