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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kolli Ingdr 4II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Kolli inn prúði, Ingadrápa 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 531.

Kolli inn prúðiIngadrápa
345

Rauðri ‘The red’

rauðr (adj.; °compar. -ari): red

kennings

Rauðri mjǫll þrumu jarna
‘The red snow-flakes of the roar of weapons ’
   = BLOOD

the roar of weapons → BATTLE
The red snow-flakes of the BATTLE → BLOOD
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dreif ‘drifted’

2. drífa (verb; °drífr; dreif, drifu; drifinn): drive, rush

notes

[1] dreif ‘drifted’: The verb is used impersonally with rauðri mjǫll þrumu jarna ‘the red snow-flakes of the roar of weapons’ (ll. 1, 3, 4) as the dat. object.

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þás ‘when’

þás (conj.): when

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rjúfa ‘split’

rjúfa (verb): break

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ǫld ‘men’

ǫld (noun f.; °; aldir): people, age

[2] ǫld: ǫll Mork

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gram ‘the ruler’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

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mjǫll ‘snow-flakes’

mjǫll (noun f.; °dat. -/-u): flour; snow

kennings

Rauðri mjǫll þrumu jarna
‘The red snow-flakes of the roar of weapons ’
   = BLOOD

the roar of weapons → BATTLE
The red snow-flakes of the BATTLE → BLOOD
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felli ‘fell’

falla (verb): fall

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morðgjarn ‘battle-eager’

morðgjarn (adj.): [battle-eager]

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þrumu ‘of the roar’

1. þruma (noun f.; °; -ur): thunder-clap

kennings

Rauðri mjǫll þrumu jarna
‘The red snow-flakes of the roar of weapons ’
   = BLOOD

the roar of weapons → BATTLE
The red snow-flakes of the BATTLE → BLOOD
Close

þrumu ‘of the roar’

1. þruma (noun f.; °; -ur): thunder-clap

kennings

Rauðri mjǫll þrumu jarna
‘The red snow-flakes of the roar of weapons ’
   = BLOOD

the roar of weapons → BATTLE
The red snow-flakes of the BATTLE → BLOOD
Close

jarna ‘of weapons’

járn (noun n.; °-s; -): iron, weapon

kennings

Rauðri mjǫll þrumu jarna
‘The red snow-flakes of the roar of weapons ’
   = BLOOD

the roar of weapons → BATTLE
The red snow-flakes of the BATTLE → BLOOD
Close

jarna ‘of weapons’

járn (noun n.; °-s; -): iron, weapon

kennings

Rauðri mjǫll þrumu jarna
‘The red snow-flakes of the roar of weapons ’
   = BLOOD

the roar of weapons → BATTLE
The red snow-flakes of the BATTLE → BLOOD
Close

vel ‘fully entitled’

vel (adv.): well, very

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dǫkk ‘the pool’

dǫkk (noun f.): [pool]

[7] dǫkk: ‘doct’ Mork

kennings

dǫkk vápna
‘the pool of weapons ’
   = BLOOD

the pool of weapons → BLOOD
Close

á ‘onto’

3. á (prep.): on, at

notes

[All]: Magnús inn blindi was killed in the battle, and Sigurðr slembir was captured, tortured and hanged. See also Ívarr Sig 34-45, Balti Sigdr 1-3 and ESk Ingdr 1. — [7] á skokka ‘onto the bottom-boards’: For the meaning of this word, see Arn Þorfdr 21/8 and Lindquist 1928.

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á ‘onto’

3. á (prep.): on, at

notes

[All]: Magnús inn blindi was killed in the battle, and Sigurðr slembir was captured, tortured and hanged. See also Ívarr Sig 34-45, Balti Sigdr 1-3 and ESk Ingdr 1. — [7] á skokka ‘onto the bottom-boards’: For the meaning of this word, see Arn Þorfdr 21/8 and Lindquist 1928.

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skokka ‘the bottom-boards’

skokkr (noun m.): bottom-board

notes

[All]: Magnús inn blindi was killed in the battle, and Sigurðr slembir was captured, tortured and hanged. See also Ívarr Sig 34-45, Balti Sigdr 1-3 and ESk Ingdr 1. — [7] á skokka ‘onto the bottom-boards’: For the meaning of this word, see Arn Þorfdr 21/8 and Lindquist 1928.

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skokka ‘the bottom-boards’

skokkr (noun m.): bottom-board

notes

[All]: Magnús inn blindi was killed in the battle, and Sigurðr slembir was captured, tortured and hanged. See also Ívarr Sig 34-45, Balti Sigdr 1-3 and ESk Ingdr 1. — [7] á skokka ‘onto the bottom-boards’: For the meaning of this word, see Arn Þorfdr 21/8 and Lindquist 1928.

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Sigvarðar ‘of Sigurðr’

Sigurðr (noun m.): Sigurðr

[8] Sigvarðar: Sigurðar Mork

notes

[8] Sigvarðar ‘of Sigurðr’: The short form of the name (‘Sigurðar’) has been normalised to the more archaic long form (‘Sigvarðar’) for metrical reasons (the first syllable of this trisyllabic word must be long; see Kuhn 1937, 58-9).

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vápna ‘of weapons’

vápn (noun n.; °-s; -): weapon

kennings

dǫkk vápna
‘the pool of weapons ’
   = BLOOD

the pool of weapons → BLOOD
Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Stanzas 4-5 commemorate the battle of Holmengrå between the sons of Haraldr gilli(-kristr) ‘Servant (of Christ)’, Ingi and Sigurðr munnr ‘Mouth’, and the allies Sigurðr slembidjákn ‘Fortuitous-deacon’ (?) Magnússon and Magnús inn blindi Sigurðarson (12 November 1139).

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