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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kolb Jónv 5VII

Beatrice La Farge (ed.) 2007, ‘Kolbeinn Tumason, Jónsvísur 5’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 226-7.

Kolbeinn TumasonJónsvísur
45

Frami ‘That distinction’

frami (noun m.): success

Close

himna ‘of the heavens’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

himna her teitir
‘host-gladdener of the heavens’
   = God

the host of the heavens → ANGELS
the gladdener of ANGELS → God

notes

[1] himna: For the ms. spelling hifna, see note to Ník Jóndr 2/3. — [1-2] himna herteitir ‘gladdener of the host of heaven [(lit. host-gladdener of heaven) ANGELS > = Christ]’: The first element of the cpd herteitir (herr ‘army, host’) is the base-word of a kenning for ANGELS, himna herr ‘host of heaven’; this kenning for ANGELS is the determinant of a kenning for Christ whose base-word is the second element of the cpd., teitir ‘gladdener’.

Close

himna ‘of the heavens’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

himna her teitir
‘host-gladdener of the heavens’
   = God

the host of the heavens → ANGELS
the gladdener of ANGELS → God

notes

[1] himna: For the ms. spelling hifna, see note to Ník Jóndr 2/3. — [1-2] himna herteitir ‘gladdener of the host of heaven [(lit. host-gladdener of heaven) ANGELS > = Christ]’: The first element of the cpd herteitir (herr ‘army, host’) is the base-word of a kenning for ANGELS, himna herr ‘host of heaven’; this kenning for ANGELS is the determinant of a kenning for Christ whose base-word is the second element of the cpd., teitir ‘gladdener’.

Close

himna ‘of the heavens’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

himna her teitir
‘host-gladdener of the heavens’
   = God

the host of the heavens → ANGELS
the gladdener of ANGELS → God

notes

[1] himna: For the ms. spelling hifna, see note to Ník Jóndr 2/3. — [1-2] himna herteitir ‘gladdener of the host of heaven [(lit. host-gladdener of heaven) ANGELS > = Christ]’: The first element of the cpd herteitir (herr ‘army, host’) is the base-word of a kenning for ANGELS, himna herr ‘host of heaven’; this kenning for ANGELS is the determinant of a kenning for Christ whose base-word is the second element of the cpd., teitir ‘gladdener’.

Close

himna ‘of the heavens’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

himna her teitir
‘host-gladdener of the heavens’
   = God

the host of the heavens → ANGELS
the gladdener of ANGELS → God

notes

[1] himna: For the ms. spelling hifna, see note to Ník Jóndr 2/3. — [1-2] himna herteitir ‘gladdener of the host of heaven [(lit. host-gladdener of heaven) ANGELS > = Christ]’: The first element of the cpd herteitir (herr ‘army, host’) is the base-word of a kenning for ANGELS, himna herr ‘host of heaven’; this kenning for ANGELS is the determinant of a kenning for Christ whose base-word is the second element of the cpd., teitir ‘gladdener’.

Close

her ‘of the host’

herr (noun m.; °-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra): army, host < herteitir (noun m.)

kennings

himna her teitir
‘host-gladdener of the heavens’
   = God

the host of the heavens → ANGELS
the gladdener of ANGELS → God

notes

[1-2] himna herteitir ‘gladdener of the host of heaven [(lit. host-gladdener of heaven) ANGELS > = Christ]’: The first element of the cpd herteitir (herr ‘army, host’) is the base-word of a kenning for ANGELS, himna herr ‘host of heaven’; this kenning for ANGELS is the determinant of a kenning for Christ whose base-word is the second element of the cpd., teitir ‘gladdener’.

Close

her ‘of the host’

herr (noun m.; °-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra): army, host < herteitir (noun m.)

kennings

himna her teitir
‘host-gladdener of the heavens’
   = God

the host of the heavens → ANGELS
the gladdener of ANGELS → God

notes

[1-2] himna herteitir ‘gladdener of the host of heaven [(lit. host-gladdener of heaven) ANGELS > = Christ]’: The first element of the cpd herteitir (herr ‘army, host’) is the base-word of a kenning for ANGELS, himna herr ‘host of heaven’; this kenning for ANGELS is the determinant of a kenning for Christ whose base-word is the second element of the cpd., teitir ‘gladdener’.

Close

teitir ‘the gladdener’

teitir (noun m.): gladdener < herteitir (noun m.)

kennings

himna her teitir
‘host-gladdener of the heavens’
   = God

the host of the heavens → ANGELS
the gladdener of ANGELS → God

notes

[1-2] himna herteitir ‘gladdener of the host of heaven [(lit. host-gladdener of heaven) ANGELS > = Christ]’: The first element of the cpd herteitir (herr ‘army, host’) is the base-word of a kenning for ANGELS, himna herr ‘host of heaven’; this kenning for ANGELS is the determinant of a kenning for Christ whose base-word is the second element of the cpd., teitir ‘gladdener’.

Close

snar ‘speedy’

snarr (adj.): gallant, bold < snardeilandi (noun m.)

kennings

snardeilandi sólar sunds.
‘speedy distributer of the sun of the sound. ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the sun of the sound. → GOLD
speedy distributer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

deilandi ‘distributer’

deilandi (noun m.): [distributer] < snardeilandi (noun m.)

kennings

snardeilandi sólar sunds.
‘speedy distributer of the sun of the sound. ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the sun of the sound. → GOLD
speedy distributer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

sólar ‘of the sun’

sól (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir): sun

kennings

snardeilandi sólar sunds.
‘speedy distributer of the sun of the sound. ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the sun of the sound. → GOLD
speedy distributer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

sólar ‘of the sun’

sól (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir): sun

kennings

snardeilandi sólar sunds.
‘speedy distributer of the sun of the sound. ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the sun of the sound. → GOLD
speedy distributer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

sunds ‘of the sound’

sund (noun n.; °-s; -): sound, strait; swimming

kennings

snardeilandi sólar sunds.
‘speedy distributer of the sun of the sound. ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the sun of the sound. → GOLD
speedy distributer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

sunds ‘of the sound’

sund (noun n.; °-s; -): sound, strait; swimming

kennings

snardeilandi sólar sunds.
‘speedy distributer of the sun of the sound. ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the sun of the sound. → GOLD
speedy distributer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

Hár ‘The high’

3. hár (adj.; °-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr): high

[5] Hárs: ‘hárr er’ 649a

kennings

Hár Alda garðs hyrbjóðr
‘high fire-offerer of the Alden-fence’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the fence of Alden → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
The high offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[6-7] hárs: The ms. reading is ‘háʀ er’. The reading ‘háʀ’ could be normalised to hárr ‘hoary, grey-haired’ (m. nom. sg.) or to hár ‘high’ (m. nom. sg.; <ʀ> appears in mss as a grapheme for [rr] or for [r], cf. Lindblad 1954, 73, 206-7). Since the adj. is part of an honorific term for S. John, all previous interpreters take ‘háʀ’ to be hár ‘high’. The reading er is evidently the predicate in the main cl., the 3rd pers. sg. indic. of vera ‘to be’. Since hár er produces a seven-syllable l., Skj B normalises to hárs. Kock (NN §2165) argues that it is implausible that John should be spoken of in the 3rd pers. in a sentence containing a subordinate cl. which addresses him in the 2nd pers. pl. (yðra dýrð ‘your glory’ 5/8) and in a st. whose first helmingr also addresses him in the 2nd pers. (þér ‘to you’ 5/2). He therefore emends the verb form to est/ert ‘you are’ (cf. the translation in Lange 1958b, 19). He indicates that the problem of the seven-syllable l. could be solved by the omission of the prep. á, which is not required by the syntax of the construction á hvern veg ‘in every way’.

Close

s ‘is’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[5] Hárs: ‘hárr er’ 649a

notes

[6-7] hárs: The ms. reading is ‘háʀ er’. The reading ‘háʀ’ could be normalised to hárr ‘hoary, grey-haired’ (m. nom. sg.) or to hár ‘high’ (m. nom. sg.; <ʀ> appears in mss as a grapheme for [rr] or for [r], cf. Lindblad 1954, 73, 206-7). Since the adj. is part of an honorific term for S. John, all previous interpreters take ‘háʀ’ to be hár ‘high’. The reading er is evidently the predicate in the main cl., the 3rd pers. sg. indic. of vera ‘to be’. Since hár er produces a seven-syllable l., Skj B normalises to hárs. Kock (NN §2165) argues that it is implausible that John should be spoken of in the 3rd pers. in a sentence containing a subordinate cl. which addresses him in the 2nd pers. pl. (yðra dýrð ‘your glory’ 5/8) and in a st. whose first helmingr also addresses him in the 2nd pers. (þér ‘to you’ 5/2). He therefore emends the verb form to est/ert ‘you are’ (cf. the translation in Lange 1958b, 19). He indicates that the problem of the seven-syllable l. could be solved by the omission of the prep. á, which is not required by the syntax of the construction á hvern veg ‘in every way’.

Close

hyr ‘of the fire’

hyrr (noun m.): fire < hyrbjóðr (noun m.)

kennings

Hár Alda garðs hyrbjóðr
‘high fire-offerer of the Alden-fence’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the fence of Alden → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
The high offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

hyr ‘of the fire’

hyrr (noun m.): fire < hyrbjóðr (noun m.)

kennings

Hár Alda garðs hyrbjóðr
‘high fire-offerer of the Alden-fence’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the fence of Alden → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
The high offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

bjóðr ‘offerer’

2. bjóðr (noun m.): inviter < hyrbjóðr (noun m.)

kennings

Hár Alda garðs hyrbjóðr
‘high fire-offerer of the Alden-fence’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the fence of Alden → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
The high offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

kyn ‘the family’

1. kyn (noun n.; °-s; -): kin

kennings

kyn þjóðar
‘the family of people ’
   = MANKIND

the family of people → MANKIND
Close

þjóðar ‘of people’

þjóð (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir): people

kennings

kyn þjóðar
‘the family of people ’
   = MANKIND

the family of people → MANKIND
Close

Alda ‘of Alden’

Aldi (noun m.): [Alden]

kennings

Hár Alda garðs hyrbjóðr
‘high fire-offerer of the Alden-fence’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the fence of Alden → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
The high offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[7] Alda: Interpreted as an island-heiti, the gen. sg. of a Norw. island named Aldi, Alden in Søndfjord (cf. LP: Aldi); the ‘fence of Aldi’ (garðr Alda) designates the surrounding sea.

Close

Alda ‘of Alden’

Aldi (noun m.): [Alden]

kennings

Hár Alda garðs hyrbjóðr
‘high fire-offerer of the Alden-fence’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the fence of Alden → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
The high offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[7] Alda: Interpreted as an island-heiti, the gen. sg. of a Norw. island named Aldi, Alden in Søndfjord (cf. LP: Aldi); the ‘fence of Aldi’ (garðr Alda) designates the surrounding sea.

Close

Alda ‘of Alden’

Aldi (noun m.): [Alden]

kennings

Hár Alda garðs hyrbjóðr
‘high fire-offerer of the Alden-fence’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the fence of Alden → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
The high offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[7] Alda: Interpreted as an island-heiti, the gen. sg. of a Norw. island named Aldi, Alden in Søndfjord (cf. LP: Aldi); the ‘fence of Aldi’ (garðr Alda) designates the surrounding sea.

Close

garðs ‘of the fence’

garðr (noun m.): enclosure, yard

kennings

Hár Alda garðs hyrbjóðr
‘high fire-offerer of the Alden-fence’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the fence of Alden → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
The high offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

garðs ‘of the fence’

garðr (noun m.): enclosure, yard

kennings

Hár Alda garðs hyrbjóðr
‘high fire-offerer of the Alden-fence’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the fence of Alden → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
The high offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

garðs ‘of the fence’

garðr (noun m.): enclosure, yard

kennings

Hár Alda garðs hyrbjóðr
‘high fire-offerer of the Alden-fence’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the fence of Alden → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
The high offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

In Jón4 1874, 512 this st. is prefaced with the remark: Nærr enda sins verks setr Ko[l]beinn þessa visu af guðligum veitzlum ok verðleikum sęls Johannis; hann segir sva ‘Near the end of his poem Kolbeinn places this st. about the divine gifts and merits of blessed John; he says as follows’.

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