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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Ív Sig 36II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Ívarr Ingimundarson, Sigurðarbálkr 36’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 522-3.

Ívarr IngimundarsonSigurðarbálkr
353637

leyfðir ‘The celebrated’

leyfa (verb): permit; praise

kennings

Leyfðir hróðrsynir Haralds
‘The celebrated, famous sons of Haraldr ’
   = Ingi and Sigurðr

The celebrated, famous sons of Haraldr → Ingi and Sigurðr

notes

[1, 3] leyfðir hróðrsynir Haralds ‘the celebrated, famous sons of Haraldr [= Ingi and Sigurðr]’: Both Ingi and Sigurðr were minors at this time. According to Mork (Mork 1928-32, 429-30), Sigurðr was five years old, and Ingi was three years old. Hence their active participation in the campaign appears to be somewhat exaggerated. See also Notes to Balti Sig 1/5, 8 and Kolli Ingdr 1/7.

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með ‘with’

með (prep.): with

notes

[2] með miklu liði ‘with a large force’: According to Mork (1928-32, 431) and Hkr (ÍF 28, 316), Ingi and Sigurðr set out with twenty very large ships.

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liði ‘force’

lið (noun n.; °-s; -): retinue, troop

notes

[2] með miklu liði ‘with a large force’: According to Mork (1928-32, 431) and Hkr (ÍF 28, 316), Ingi and Sigurðr set out with twenty very large ships.

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miklu ‘a large’

mikill (adj.; °mikinn): great, large

notes

[2] með miklu liði ‘with a large force’: According to Mork (1928-32, 431) and Hkr (ÍF 28, 316), Ingi and Sigurðr set out with twenty very large ships.

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Haralds ‘of Haraldr’

Haraldr (noun m.): Haraldr

kennings

Leyfðir hróðrsynir Haralds
‘The celebrated, famous sons of Haraldr ’
   = Ingi and Sigurðr

The celebrated, famous sons of Haraldr → Ingi and Sigurðr

notes

[1, 3] leyfðir hróðrsynir Haralds ‘the celebrated, famous sons of Haraldr [= Ingi and Sigurðr]’: Both Ingi and Sigurðr were minors at this time. According to Mork (Mork 1928-32, 429-30), Sigurðr was five years old, and Ingi was three years old. Hence their active participation in the campaign appears to be somewhat exaggerated. See also Notes to Balti Sig 1/5, 8 and Kolli Ingdr 1/7.

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hróðrsynir ‘famous sons’

hróðrsonr (noun m.): [famous sons]

kennings

Leyfðir hróðrsynir Haralds
‘The celebrated, famous sons of Haraldr ’
   = Ingi and Sigurðr

The celebrated, famous sons of Haraldr → Ingi and Sigurðr

notes

[1, 3] leyfðir hróðrsynir Haralds ‘the celebrated, famous sons of Haraldr [= Ingi and Sigurðr]’: Both Ingi and Sigurðr were minors at this time. According to Mork (Mork 1928-32, 429-30), Sigurðr was five years old, and Ingi was three years old. Hence their active participation in the campaign appears to be somewhat exaggerated. See also Notes to Balti Sig 1/5, 8 and Kolli Ingdr 1/7.

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her ‘army’

herr (noun m.; °-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra): army, host < herstefna (noun f.): [army-meeting]

kennings

herstefnu
‘army-meeting ’
   = BATTLE

army-meeting → BATTLE
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stefnu ‘meeting’

1. stefna (noun f.; °-u; -ur): encounter, meeting < herstefna (noun f.): [army-meeting]

kennings

herstefnu
‘army-meeting ’
   = BATTLE

army-meeting → BATTLE
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þás ‘when’

þás (conj.): when

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mildum ‘the generous’

mildr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr): mild, gentle, gracious, generous

kennings

mildum syni Magnúss.
‘the generous son of Magnús.’
   = Sigurðr

the generous son of Magnús. → Sigurðr
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Magnúss ‘of Magnús’

2. Magnús (noun m.): Magnús

kennings

mildum syni Magnúss.
‘the generous son of Magnús.’
   = Sigurðr

the generous son of Magnús. → Sigurðr
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syni ‘son’

sonr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni): son

kennings

mildum syni Magnúss.
‘the generous son of Magnús.’
   = Sigurðr

the generous son of Magnús. → Sigurðr
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atróðr ‘the rowing’

atróðr (noun m.; °dat. ·róðri): rowing

notes

[7, 8] knúði atróðr á sæ ‘hastened the rowing at sea’: See Note to Steinn Niz 3/8.

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á ‘at’

3. á (prep.): on, at

notes

[7, 8] knúði atróðr á sæ ‘hastened the rowing at sea’: See Note to Steinn Niz 3/8.

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‘sea’

sjór (noun m.): sea

notes

[7, 8] knúði atróðr á sæ ‘hastened the rowing at sea’: See Note to Steinn Niz 3/8.

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knúði ‘hastened’

knýja (verb): press forward, urge, drive

notes

[7, 8] knúði atróðr á sæ ‘hastened the rowing at sea’: See Note to Steinn Niz 3/8.

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The sons of Haraldr gilli, Ingi and Sigurðr, set out with their army to meet Sigurðr and Magnús.

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