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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Ill Har 4II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Illugi bryndœlaskáld, Poem about Haraldr harðráði 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 285.

Illugi bryndœlaskáldPoem about Haraldr harðráði
34

und ‘for’

3. und (prep.): under, underneath

[1] und: so 39, F, J2ˣ, FskAˣ, H, Hr, um Kˣ, undir FskBˣ

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Míkjál ‘Michael’

Mikjáll (noun m.): [Michael]

notes

[1] Míkjál ‘Michael’: Michael IV Katallaktos was Byzantine emperor from 11 April 1034 until his death on 10 December 1041. He ruled jointly with Empress Zoe.

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mæztan ‘most esteemed’

2. mærr (adj.): famous

[1] mæztan: mætan FskBˣ, mestan FskAˣ, H, Hr

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môgum ‘brothers-in-law’

mágr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar): brother-, father-, or son-in-law

[2] môgum: mgu 39, F

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frôgum ‘we [I] have heard’

1. fregna (verb): hear of

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sonr ‘son’

sonr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni): son

[3] sonr: son 39, F, sunr FskBˣ, FskAˣ

kennings

sonr Buðla
‘Buðli’s son ’
   = Atli

Buðli’s son → Atli
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Buðla ‘Buðli’s’

Buðli (noun m.): Buðli

kennings

sonr Buðla
‘Buðli’s son ’
   = Atli

Buðli’s son → Atli
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sínum ‘his’

3. sinn (pron.; °f. sín, n. sitt): (refl. poss. pron.)

[3] bauð sínum: rauð sinni F

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sunn ‘the southern’

sunn- ((prefix)): [Sunn, southern] < Sunnlǫnd (noun n.)

[4] sunn‑: sann‑ J2ˣ, ‘sonn‑’ FskBˣ, sund‑ Hr

notes

[4] sunnlǫnd ‘the southern lands’: Sicily, southern Italy and North Africa. For these campaigns, see also Hharð Gamv 2, Hharð Lv 10, ÞjóðA Sex 2-8, ÞjóðA Lv 4, Bǫlv Hardr 3-5, Valg Har 1-4, ÞSkegg Hardr, Þfisk Lv 2-3, ESk Geisl 51-3VII, Sigfús Blöndal 1978, 59-71 and Jesch 2001a, 88-9.

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lǫnd ‘ lands’

land (noun n.; °-s; *-): land < Sunnlǫnd (noun n.)

notes

[4] sunnlǫnd ‘the southern lands’: Sicily, southern Italy and North Africa. For these campaigns, see also Hharð Gamv 2, Hharð Lv 10, ÞjóðA Sex 2-8, ÞjóðA Lv 4, Bǫlv Hardr 3-5, Valg Har 1-4, ÞSkegg Hardr, Þfisk Lv 2-3, ESk Geisl 51-3VII, Sigfús Blöndal 1978, 59-71 and Jesch 2001a, 88-9.

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Haraldr ‘Haraldr’

Haraldr (noun m.): Haraldr

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Haraldr campaigned in Africa as the leader of the Byzantine Emperor Michael Katallaktos’s Varangian army.

[2-3]: The event alluded to in the embedded clauses, namely, how Atli invited his brothers-in-law, the Gjúkungar, to his stronghold to kill them, is described in Akv and Am (NK 240-63). See also SnE 1998, I, 48. Atli was the ON name for Attila, the leader of the Huns (d. 453).

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