Cookies on our website

We use cookies on this website, mainly to provide a secure browsing experience but also to collect statistics on how the website is used. You can find out more about the cookies we set, the information we store and how we use it on the cookies page.



Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

Menu Search

Ill Har 4II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Illugi bryndœlaskáld, Poem about Haraldr harðráði 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 285.

Illugi bryndœlaskáldPoem about Haraldr harðráði

text and translation

Brauzt und Míkjál mæztan
— môgum heim, sem frôgum,
sonr Buðla bauð sínum —
sunnlǫnd, Haraldr, rǫndu.

Haraldr, brauzt sunnlǫnd rǫndu und mæztan Míkjál; {sonr Buðla} bauð môgum sínum heim, sem frôgum.
‘Haraldr, you subjugated the southern lands with the shield for most esteemed Michael; Buðli’s son [= Atli] invited his brothers-in-law home, as we [I] have heard.

notes and context

Haraldr campaigned in Africa as the leader of the Byzantine Emperor Michael Katallaktos’s Varangian army.

[2-3]: The event alluded to in the embedded clauses, namely, how Atli invited his brothers-in-law, the Gjúkungar, to his stronghold to kill them, is described in Akv and Am (NK 240-63). See also SnE 1998, I, 48. Atli was the ON name for Attila, the leader of the Huns (d. 453).



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Illugi Bryndœlaskáld, 1. Et digt om Harald hårdråde 4: AI, 384, BI, 354, Skald I, 178; ÍF 28, 75-6 (HSig ch. 5), F 1871, 195, E 1916, 36; ÍF 29, 230-1 (ch. 51); Fms 6, 139 (HSig ch. 5).


Log in

This service is only available to members of the relevant projects, and to purchasers of the skaldic volumes published by Brepols.
This service uses cookies. By logging in you agree to the use of cookies on your browser.


Stanza/chapter/text segment

Use the buttons at the top of the page to navigate between stanzas in a poem.

Information tab

Interactive tab

The text and translation are given here, with buttons to toggle whether the text is shown in the verse order or prose word order. Clicking on indiviudal words gives dictionary links, variant readings, kennings and notes, where relevant.

Full text tab

This is the text of the edition in a similar format to how the edition appears in the printed volumes.

Chapter/text segment

This view is also used for chapters and other text segments. Not all the headings shown are relevant to such sections.