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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kálf Kátr 36VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Kálfr Hallsson, Kátrínardrápa 36’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 953-4.

Kálfr HallssonKátrínardrápa
353637

Öllum ‘anything’

allr (adj.): all

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sælli ‘more blessed’

sæll (adj.): happy, blessed

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umgeypnandi ‘the holder [in his hands]’

umgeypnandi (noun m.): holder in hand

kennings

umgeypnandi allrar skepnu
‘the holder [in his hands] of all creation ’
   = God

the holder [in his hands] of all creation → God

notes

[3] umgeypnandi allrar skepnu ‘the holder [in his hands] of all creation’: A kenning for God as pantocrator; cf. ESk Geisl 16/7-8 umgeypnandi alls heims ‘holder in his hands of all the world’.

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allrar ‘of all’

allr (adj.): all

kennings

umgeypnandi allrar skepnu
‘the holder [in his hands] of all creation ’
   = God

the holder [in his hands] of all creation → God

notes

[3] umgeypnandi allrar skepnu ‘the holder [in his hands] of all creation’: A kenning for God as pantocrator; cf. ESk Geisl 16/7-8 umgeypnandi alls heims ‘holder in his hands of all the world’.

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skepnu ‘creation’

skepna (noun f.; °-u; -ur): creation

kennings

umgeypnandi allrar skepnu
‘the holder [in his hands] of all creation ’
   = God

the holder [in his hands] of all creation → God

notes

[3] umgeypnandi allrar skepnu ‘the holder [in his hands] of all creation’: A kenning for God as pantocrator; cf. ESk Geisl 16/7-8 umgeypnandi alls heims ‘holder in his hands of all the world’.

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Hirðir ‘The shepherd’

hirðir (noun m.; °hirðis/hirðirs, dat. & acc. hirði; hirðar/hirðir): guardian, keeper, pastor

kennings

Hirðir dýrðar himna
‘The shepherd of the glory of the heavens ’
   = God

The shepherd of the glory of the heavens → God
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blessar ‘blesses’

blessa (verb): bless

[5] blessar: blessaðr all

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himna ‘of the heavens’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

Hirðir dýrðar himna
‘The shepherd of the glory of the heavens ’
   = God

The shepherd of the glory of the heavens → God
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dýrðar ‘of the glory’

dýrð (noun f.; °-ar/-a(NoDipl(1279) 44²ˆ); -ir): glory

kennings

Hirðir dýrðar himna
‘The shepherd of the glory of the heavens ’
   = God

The shepherd of the glory of the heavens → God
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sunnudagr ‘Sunday’

sunnudagr (noun m.): Sunday

notes

[7] sunnudagr er þá ‘it is then Sunday’: The idea that the Last Judgement, along with many other milestones in Christian history, fell on a Sunday was part of the popular medieval ‘Sunday letter’ tradition, the subject of Anon Leið; see Leið 35 and Note.

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er ‘is’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

notes

[7] sunnudagr er þá ‘it is then Sunday’: The idea that the Last Judgement, along with many other milestones in Christian history, fell on a Sunday was part of the popular medieval ‘Sunday letter’ tradition, the subject of Anon Leið; see Leið 35 and Note.

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þá ‘then’

2. þá (adv.): then

notes

[7] sunnudagr er þá ‘it is then Sunday’: The idea that the Last Judgement, along with many other milestones in Christian history, fell on a Sunday was part of the popular medieval ‘Sunday letter’ tradition, the subject of Anon Leið; see Leið 35 and Note.

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