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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hskv Útdr 11II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Halldórr skvaldri, Útfarardrápa 11’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 491-2.

Halldórr skvaldriÚtfarardrápa

Borg heiðna tókt, bræðir
benja tíkr, af ríki
— háðisk hver við prýði
hildr — en gaft af mildi.

{Bræðir {tíkr benja}}, tókt heiðna borg af ríki en gaft af mildi; hver hildr háðisk við prýði.

{Feeder {of the bitch of wounds}} [SHE-WOLF > WARRIOR], you captured the heathen city by means of force and gave [it] away with generosity; every battle was fought with honour.

Mss: (612r-v), 39(37vb), F(61va), E(38v), J2ˣ(320r-v), 42ˣ(19v) (Hkr); H(97r), Hr(65vb) (H-Hr); FskAˣ(355) (Fsk)

Readings: [1] heiðna: eina Hr;    tókt: þátt F, H, Hr, tók E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, vann FskAˣ    [2] benja: beina 42ˣ, ‘bæmia’ FskAˣ;    af: við F    [3] háðisk: hðusk FskAˣ;    við: var Hr    [4] af: við 39

Editions: Skj AI, 488, Skj BI, 460, Skald I, 226; ÍF 28, 251 (Msona ch. 11), F 1878, 286, Andersson and Gade 2000, 322, E 1916, 134-5; Fms 7, 93 (Msona ch. 11); ÍF 29, 319 (ch. 89).

Context: The helmingr describes the siege and capture of Sidon by Sigurðr and King Baldwin of Jerusalem (19 October-5 December 1110). According to the ON sources, Sigurðr gave the city to Baldwin after the victory.

Notes: [All]: For this siege, see also ESk Sig I 5 and Note to [All]. — [1] tókt ‘you captured’: Þátt ‘you received’ (so F, H, Hr) is also a possible reading, and it probably represents the reading of Mork which has a lacuna at this point (the text in Andersson and Gade 2000 has been supplied from F). Vann (3rd pers. sg. pret. indic.) ‘won’ (so FskAˣ) requires that bræðir tíkr benja ‘feeder of the bitch of wounds’ (ll. 1-2) be taken as the subject of the cl. rather than as a form of address.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  5. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  6. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.
  7. ÍF 29 = Ágrip af Nóregskonunga sǫgum; Fagrskinna—Nóregs konungatal. Ed. Bjarni Einarsson. 1985.
  8. Internal references
  9. Not published: do not cite (MsonaII)

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