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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hskv Útdr 10II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Halldórr skvaldri, Útfarardrápa 10’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 491.

Halldórr skvaldriÚtfarardrápa
91011

enn ‘was again’

4. en (conj.): than

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in ‘the’

2. inn (art.): the

kennings

in átta oddhríð
‘the eighth point-storm ’
   = BATTLE

the eighth point-storm → BATTLE
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átta ‘eighth’

átta (num. cardinal): eight

kennings

in átta oddhríð
‘the eighth point-storm ’
   = BATTLE

the eighth point-storm → BATTLE
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odd ‘point-’

oddr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): point of weapon < oddhríð (noun f.): point-storm

[2] odd‑: om. 39, ‘od‑’ 42ˣ

kennings

in átta oddhríð
‘the eighth point-storm ’
   = BATTLE

the eighth point-storm → BATTLE
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hríð ‘storm’

hríð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): time, storm < oddhríð (noun f.): point-storm

kennings

in átta oddhríð
‘the eighth point-storm ’
   = BATTLE

the eighth point-storm → BATTLE
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vakið ‘awakened’

1. vekja (verb): awaken, rouse

[2] vakið: háit H, Hr

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Finns ‘the Saami’s’

finnr (noun m.): Saami (person)

[3] Finns: ‘fannzt’ 42ˣ

kennings

gjǫld Finns.
‘the Saami’s compensation.’
   = ARROWS

the Saami’s compensation. → ARROWS

notes

[3] gjǫld Finns ‘the Saami’s compensation [ARROWS]’: Refers to the three magic arrows of Gusir, a legendary king of the Saami in Finnmark, Norway. The three arrows, the Gusisnautar ‘treasures of Gusir’, were feathered with gold, flew off the bow-string on their own accord, hit every target, and one did not have to search for them. When Gusir was killed, the arrows were taken by Ketill hœngr ‘Salmon’. See Ket ch. 3; Ǫrv ch. 4. See also Note to ÞjóðA Sex 15/8.

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rauð ‘reddened’

rjóða (verb): to redden

[3] rauð: er 39, lét F

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gjǫld ‘compensation’

gjald (noun n.): payment, reward, return

[3] gjǫld: gjald 39, F

kennings

gjǫld Finns.
‘the Saami’s compensation.’
   = ARROWS

the Saami’s compensation. → ARROWS

notes

[3] gjǫld Finns ‘the Saami’s compensation [ARROWS]’: Refers to the three magic arrows of Gusir, a legendary king of the Saami in Finnmark, Norway. The three arrows, the Gusisnautar ‘treasures of Gusir’, were feathered with gold, flew off the bow-string on their own accord, hit every target, and one did not have to search for them. When Gusir was killed, the arrows were taken by Ketill hœngr ‘Salmon’. See Ket ch. 3; Ǫrv ch. 4. See also Note to ÞjóðA Sex 15/8.

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á ‘in’

3. á (prep.): on, at

[3] á: í H, Hr

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grœnni ‘green’

2. grœnn (adj.; °superl. grǿnastr/grǿnstr): green

[3] grœnni: ‘grunni’ 42ˣ

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grams ‘the ruler’s’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

[4] grams: ‘groíns’ E, ‘groms’ J2ˣ, 42ˣ

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Manork ‘Minorca’

Manork (noun f.): [Minorca]

notes

[4] Manork ‘Minorca’: One of the Balearic Islands off the coast of Spain.

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Sigurðr arrived in Minorca and won his eighth victory.

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