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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hharð Lv 4II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, Lausavísur 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 46-7.

Haraldr harðráði SigurðarsonLausavísur
345

Lôtum ‘We’

láta (verb): let, have sth done

notes

[1, 4] lôtum vér akkeri halda ‘we shall let the anchor hold [us]’: Lit. ‘we shall let the anchor hold’. This is synonymous with ‘ride at anchor’. The Mork (H, Hr, Flat) variant ltum vér akkerum halda (lit. ‘we shall let [it] be held by the anchors’) has the same meaning.

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vér ‘shall let’

vér (pron.; °gen. vár, dat./acc. oss): we, us, our

notes

[1, 4] lôtum vér akkeri halda ‘we shall let the anchor hold [us]’: Lit. ‘we shall let the anchor hold’. This is synonymous with ‘ride at anchor’. The Mork (H, Hr, Flat) variant ltum vér akkerum halda (lit. ‘we shall let [it] be held by the anchors’) has the same meaning.

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meðan ‘while’

meðan (conj.): while

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lirlar ‘lulls’

lirla (verb): [lulls]

[1] lirlar: ‘lillar’ E, FskBˣ, FskAˣ, lítar Hr

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lín ‘the linen’

lín (noun n.): linen; headband < líneik (noun f.)

kennings

líneik,
‘the linen-oak, ’
   = WOMAN

the linen-oak, → WOMAN

notes

[2] líneik ‘the linen-oak [WOMAN]’: This could also be an apostrophe to an unknown woman (see Note to Hharð Gamv 3/1), which would obviate the repetition of the two kennings functioning as the subject of one cl.

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eik ‘oak’

eik (noun f.; °eikr/eikar; eikr): oak < líneik (noun f.)

kennings

líneik,
‘the linen-oak, ’
   = WOMAN

the linen-oak, → WOMAN

notes

[2] líneik ‘the linen-oak [WOMAN]’: This could also be an apostrophe to an unknown woman (see Note to Hharð Gamv 3/1), which would obviate the repetition of the two kennings functioning as the subject of one cl.

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veri ‘her’

1. verr (noun m.; °[-s; -ar/ir]): man

[2] veri: ver Hr

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Gerðr ‘the Gerðr’

Gerðr (noun f.): Gerðr

kennings

Gerðr galdrs,
‘the Gerðr of incantation, ’
   = WOMAN

the Gerðr of incantation, → WOMAN

notes

[3, 4] Gerðr galdrs ‘the Gerðr <goddess> of incantation [WOMAN]’: This is a very unorthodox kenning for ‘woman’ (see Meissner 413-20), which could have been prompted by the verb lirla ‘lull to sleep’.

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Goðnarfirði ‘Randersfjord’

Goðnarfjǫrðr (noun m.): [Randersfjord]

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galdrs ‘of incantation’

galdr (noun m.): chant, incantation

[4] galdrs: ‘galldus’ Hr

kennings

Gerðr galdrs,
‘the Gerðr of incantation, ’
   = WOMAN

the Gerðr of incantation, → WOMAN

notes

[3, 4] Gerðr galdrs ‘the Gerðr <goddess> of incantation [WOMAN]’: This is a very unorthodox kenning for ‘woman’ (see Meissner 413-20), which could have been prompted by the verb lirla ‘lull to sleep’.

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akkeri ‘the anchor’

akkeri (noun n.; °-s; -): [anchor, anchors]

[4] akkeri: akkerinn FskBˣ, FskAˣ, akkerum Mork, Flat, H, Hr

notes

[1, 4] lôtum vér akkeri halda ‘we shall let the anchor hold [us]’: Lit. ‘we shall let the anchor hold’. This is synonymous with ‘ride at anchor’. The Mork (H, Hr, Flat) variant ltum vér akkerum halda (lit. ‘we shall let [it] be held by the anchors’) has the same meaning.

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halda ‘hold’

halda (verb): hold, keep

[4] halda: haldit Mork, Flat, H, Hr

notes

[1, 4] lôtum vér akkeri halda ‘we shall let the anchor hold [us]’: Lit. ‘we shall let the anchor hold’. This is synonymous with ‘ride at anchor’. The Mork (H, Hr, Flat) variant ltum vér akkerum halda (lit. ‘we shall let [it] be held by the anchors’) has the same meaning.

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

In the summer of 1048, Haraldr sets out with his fleet south to Jylland, Denmark. He harries far and wide and lies at anchor in Randersfjord when he composes this half-st.

The present edn follows NN §846 (so also ÍF 28; ÍF 29). Skj B reads as follows: Vér ltum akkeri halda eik í Goðnarfirði, meðan lín-Gerðr lirlar veri sínum galdr ‘We let the anchor hold the oaken ship in Randersfjord while the linen-Gerðr (woman) lulls her husband to sleep with a song’. That version requires an unprecedented tripartite division of l. 2 as well as an emendation (galdrs m. gen. sg. ‘of incantation’ (l. 4) to galdr m. dat. sg. ‘with a song’). — For this campaign, see also Grani Har 1-2, Bǫlv Hardr 8 and Anon (HSig) 1.

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