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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hharð Gamv 1II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, Gamanvísur 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 36.

Haraldr harðráði SigurðarsonGamanvísur
12

hǫfðu ‘had’

hafa (verb): have

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víst ‘truly’

1. víss (adj.): wise, certain(ly)

[4] víst: so H, Hr, ‘vitz’ Mork

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ungr ‘young’

ungr (adj.): young

notes

[5] ungr við ungan ‘young, from the young’: Whereas Haraldr was fifteen years old at the time of this battle, Óláfr was around thirty-five years old (see ÍF 27, lxxxviii) and could hardly be called ‘young’.

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við ‘from’

2. við (prep.): with, against

notes

[5] ungr við ungan ‘young, from the young’: Whereas Haraldr was fifteen years old at the time of this battle, Óláfr was around thirty-five years old (see ÍF 27, lxxxviii) and could hardly be called ‘young’.

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ungan ‘the young’

ungr (adj.): young

notes

[5] ungr við ungan ‘young, from the young’: Whereas Haraldr was fifteen years old at the time of this battle, Óláfr was around thirty-five years old (see ÍF 27, lxxxviii) and could hardly be called ‘young’.

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fallinn ‘fallen’

falla (verb): fall

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þó ‘yet’

þó (adv.): though

[7] þó lætr: þá lét H

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lætr ‘’

láta (verb): let, have sth done

[7] þó lætr: þá lét H

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Gerðr ‘the Gerðr’

Gerðr (noun f.): Gerðr

[7] Gerðr í Gǫrðum: so H, Hr, om. Mork

kennings

Gerðr gollhrings
‘the Gerðr of the gold ring ’
   = WOMAN

the Gerðr of the gold ring → WOMAN
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í ‘in’

í (prep.): in, into

[7] Gerðr í Gǫrðum: so H, Hr, om. Mork

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Gǫrðum ‘Russia’

Garðar (noun m.): Russia

[7] Gerðr í Gǫrðum: so H, Hr, om. Mork

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goll ‘of the gold’

gull (noun n.): gold < gullhringr (noun m.): gold ring

[8] gollhrings: so Hr, om. Mork, goll H

kennings

Gerðr gollhrings
‘the Gerðr of the gold ring ’
   = WOMAN

the Gerðr of the gold ring → WOMAN
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hrings ‘ring’

1. hringr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ar): ring; sword < gullhringr (noun m.): gold ring

[8] gollhrings: so Hr, om. Mork, goll H

kennings

Gerðr gollhrings
‘the Gerðr of the gold ring ’
   = WOMAN

the Gerðr of the gold ring → WOMAN
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við ‘’

2. við (prep.): with, against

[8] við mér skolla: so H, Hr, om. Mork

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mér ‘me’

ek (pron.; °mín, dat. mér, acc. mik): I, me

[8] við mér skolla: so H, Hr, om. Mork

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skolla ‘ridicules’

skolla (verb): ridicule, rock

[8] við mér skolla: so H, Hr, om. Mork

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The st. (ll. 1-6) alludes to the battle of Stiklestad (29 July 1030), in which Haraldr’s half-brother, Óláfr Haraldsson (S. Óláfr), was killed by the army of the farmers of Trøndelag. The fifteen-year-old Haraldr escaped wounded from the battle and sought refuge in Sweden. See also Hharð Lv 1-2a, 2b, ÞjóðA Sex 1 and Bǫlv Hardr 1/1-4. — [7-8]: The abbreviated variants here and elsewhere in the mss indicate that the scribes regarded the last cl. as a full-blown stef ‘refrain’. — [7] í Gǫrðum ‘in Russia’: Garðar technically comprised Novgorod (Hólmgarðr) and the surrounding territory including Kiev (Garðaríki), i.e. the whole area between Ladoga and Ilmen (see Melnikova 1996, 15 and Map 2; Sverrir Jakobsson 2006, 938). — [8] skolla ‘ridicules’: Lit. ‘ridicule’ (inf. with lætr 3rd pers. sg. pres. indic. ‘lets’ (l. 7)). The verb skolla can mean ‘dangle, swing, rock’. For the meaning ‘ridicule sby’, see Heggstad, Hødnebø and Simensen 1997: skolla 2; skolla við e-m.

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