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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hharð Lv 6II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, Lausavísur 6’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 47-8.

Haraldr harðráði SigurðarsonLausavísur
567

Hér ‘Here’

hér (adv.): here

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sék ‘I see’

2. sjá (verb): see

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skeina ‘to furrow’

2. skeina (verb): scratch

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þjalfa ‘the enclosure’

þjalfi (noun m.): Þjálfi, enclosure

[3] þjalfa: so H, Hr, Flat, þjalma Kˣ, 39, F, E, J2ˣ, FskBˣ, FskAˣ, þjalfan 570a

kennings

þjalfa þangs,
‘the enclosure of sea-weed, ’
   = SEA

the enclosure of sea-weed, → SEA

notes

[3] þjalfa; -skelfi: The variant forms þjalma (m. acc. sg.) ‘enclosure’ and þambarskelmi ‘Paunch-Shaker (?)’ are possible, but very rare (see AEW: skelfir, skelmir 2, þjalfi 1, þjalmi 2; ANG §237.2). For a discussion of Einarr’s nickname, see Gade 1995b-c, Sayers 1995 and Liberman 1996. See also Eþsk CoupletI.

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þambar ‘þambar’

þǫmb (noun f.): [Tomma, þambar] < þambarskelfir (noun m.)

[3] þambar‑: þamba‑ F, E, FskAˣ, H, Flat, 570a

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skelfi ‘skelfir (‘Paunch-shaker’ (?))’

skelfir (noun m.): terrifier < þambarskelfir (noun m.)

[3] ‑skelfi: so 39, FskBˣ, H, 570a, ‑skelmi Kˣ, F, E, J2ˣ, FskAˣ, ‘‑skelbí’ Hr, ‑skelfir Flat

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þangs ‘of sea-weed’

þang (noun n.; °-s): seaweed, kelp

[4] þangs: ‘þangg’ Hr

kennings

þjalfa þangs,
‘the enclosure of sea-weed, ’
   = SEA

the enclosure of sea-weed, → SEA
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fjǫlmennan ‘with many men’

fjǫlmennr (adj.): with many men

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Fullafli ‘The powerful one’

2. fullafli (adj.): [powerful one]

[5] Fullafli: fyllandi 570a, fullǫflugr but afli in the left margin in same hand U

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bíðr ‘awaits’

bíða (verb; °bíðr; beið, biðu; beðit): wait, suffer, experience

[5] bíðr: býðr E, beið R, Tˣ, W

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fyllar ‘the occupancy’

fylla (verb): fill

[5] fyllar: fullar E, 570a, fylla U

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finnk ‘find’

2. finna (verb): find, meet

[6] finnk (‘finn ec’): finnr Hr

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opt ‘often’

opt (adv.): often

[6] opt at: at opt E, optr at R

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at ‘that’

4. at (conj.): that

[6] opt at: at opt E, optr at R

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hilmis ‘of the king’s’

hilmir (noun m.): prince, protector

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stóls ‘throne’

1. stóll (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar): seat, throne

[7] stóls: ‘st[…]’ U

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hæla ‘the heels’

1. hæll (noun m.; °hǽls, dat. hǽli; hǽlar): heel

[7] hæla: hælum H

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húskarla ‘of housecarls’

húskarl (noun m.): retainer

notes

[8] húskarla (m. gen. pl.) ‘of housecarls’: For this word, see Okík Magn 2/6, ÞjóðA Magnfl 12/8 and Anon (MErl) 1/4.

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

King Haraldr, increasingly annoyed by the power displayed by the district chieftain Einarr þambarskelfir Eindriðason, recites this and the next helmingr when he sees Einarr disembark in Trondheim with more than five hundred men (c. 1056). In SnE, the second helmingr illustrates the use of the word húskarlar ‘housecarls’ as a term for the retainers of kings, jarls and district chieftains.

[8]: The l. echoes ÞjóðA Magnfl 12/8.

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