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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kálf Kátr 28VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Kálfr Hallsson, Kátrínardrápa 28’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 948-9.

Kálfr HallssonKátrínardrápa
272829

tók ‘accepted’

2. taka (verb): take

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dúcenti ‘two hundred’

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lægis ‘of the sea’

lægi (noun n.; °-s): sea

kennings

skorðu bríma lægis;
‘of the prop of the fire of the sea; ’
   = WOMAN

the fire of the sea; → GOLD
the prop of the GOLD → WOMAN
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lægis ‘of the sea’

lægi (noun n.; °-s): sea

kennings

skorðu bríma lægis;
‘of the prop of the fire of the sea; ’
   = WOMAN

the fire of the sea; → GOLD
the prop of the GOLD → WOMAN
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af ‘because of’

af (prep.): from

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bríma ‘of the fire’

brími (noun m.): fire

kennings

skorðu bríma lægis;
‘of the prop of the fire of the sea; ’
   = WOMAN

the fire of the sea; → GOLD
the prop of the GOLD → WOMAN
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bríma ‘of the fire’

brími (noun m.): fire

kennings

skorðu bríma lægis;
‘of the prop of the fire of the sea; ’
   = WOMAN

the fire of the sea; → GOLD
the prop of the GOLD → WOMAN
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skorðu ‘of the prop’

1. skorða (noun f.; °-u; -ur): prop

kennings

skorðu bríma lægis;
‘of the prop of the fire of the sea; ’
   = WOMAN

the fire of the sea; → GOLD
the prop of the GOLD → WOMAN
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Porphíríus ‘Porphyry’

Porfiríus (noun m.): [Porphyry]

[5] Porphíríus: so 399a‑bˣ, 920ˣ, ‘forphíríus’ 713

notes

[5] Porphíríus: This name proved difficult for Icel. scribes. The writer of 713 wrote ‘forphíríus’ both here (where there seems to be no internal rhyme, unless it is between ‘íus’ and ‘ess’) and at 41/1. In the prose sagas, the name is given as ‘Portfirius’ in the ms. used by Unger (AM 233 a fol), but correctly (‘Porphirius’) in Holm2.

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princeps ‘chieftain’

princeps (noun ?): prince

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pells ‘of velvet’

pell (noun n.; °-s; -): velvet

kennings

þella pells
‘the young pine of velvet ’
   = WOMAN

the young pine of velvet → WOMAN
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þella ‘the young pine’

þella (noun f.): fir, young pine

kennings

þella pells
‘the young pine of velvet ’
   = WOMAN

the young pine of velvet → WOMAN
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fleygir ‘distributor’

fleygir (noun m.): flinger

kennings

hverr sá fleygir fannar fálka teiga
‘each distributor of the snow-drift of the falcon’s land ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

falcon’s land → ARM
the snow-drift of the of the ARM → SILVER
each distributor of the SILVER → GENEROUS MAN
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‘’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

kennings

hverr sá fleygir fannar fálka teiga
‘each distributor of the snow-drift of the falcon’s land ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

falcon’s land → ARM
the snow-drift of the of the ARM → SILVER
each distributor of the SILVER → GENEROUS MAN
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fálka ‘falcon’s’

falkr (noun m.; °dat. -): [falcon]

kennings

hverr sá fleygir fannar fálka teiga
‘each distributor of the snow-drift of the falcon’s land ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

falcon’s land → ARM
the snow-drift of the of the ARM → SILVER
each distributor of the SILVER → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[7] fálka teiga ‘of the falcon’s land’: A kenning for the arm or possibly the hand.

Close

fálka ‘falcon’s’

falkr (noun m.; °dat. -): [falcon]

kennings

hverr sá fleygir fannar fálka teiga
‘each distributor of the snow-drift of the falcon’s land ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

falcon’s land → ARM
the snow-drift of the of the ARM → SILVER
each distributor of the SILVER → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[7] fálka teiga ‘of the falcon’s land’: A kenning for the arm or possibly the hand.

Close

fálka ‘falcon’s’

falkr (noun m.; °dat. -): [falcon]

kennings

hverr sá fleygir fannar fálka teiga
‘each distributor of the snow-drift of the falcon’s land ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

falcon’s land → ARM
the snow-drift of the of the ARM → SILVER
each distributor of the SILVER → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[7] fálka teiga ‘of the falcon’s land’: A kenning for the arm or possibly the hand.

Close

teiga ‘land’

teigr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -/-i; -ar, acc. -a/-u): field, land

kennings

hverr sá fleygir fannar fálka teiga
‘each distributor of the snow-drift of the falcon’s land ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

falcon’s land → ARM
the snow-drift of the of the ARM → SILVER
each distributor of the SILVER → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[7] fálka teiga ‘of the falcon’s land’: A kenning for the arm or possibly the hand.

Close

teiga ‘land’

teigr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -/-i; -ar, acc. -a/-u): field, land

kennings

hverr sá fleygir fannar fálka teiga
‘each distributor of the snow-drift of the falcon’s land ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

falcon’s land → ARM
the snow-drift of the of the ARM → SILVER
each distributor of the SILVER → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[7] fálka teiga ‘of the falcon’s land’: A kenning for the arm or possibly the hand.

Close

teiga ‘land’

teigr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -/-i; -ar, acc. -a/-u): field, land

kennings

hverr sá fleygir fannar fálka teiga
‘each distributor of the snow-drift of the falcon’s land ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

falcon’s land → ARM
the snow-drift of the of the ARM → SILVER
each distributor of the SILVER → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[7] fálka teiga ‘of the falcon’s land’: A kenning for the arm or possibly the hand.

Close

fannar ‘of the snow-drift’

fǫnn (noun f.): snow-drift

kennings

hverr sá fleygir fannar fálka teiga
‘each distributor of the snow-drift of the falcon’s land ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

falcon’s land → ARM
the snow-drift of the of the ARM → SILVER
each distributor of the SILVER → GENEROUS MAN
Close

fannar ‘of the snow-drift’

fǫnn (noun f.): snow-drift

kennings

hverr sá fleygir fannar fálka teiga
‘each distributor of the snow-drift of the falcon’s land ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

falcon’s land → ARM
the snow-drift of the of the ARM → SILVER
each distributor of the SILVER → GENEROUS MAN
Close

hverr ‘each’

2. hverr (pron.): who, whom, each, every

[8] hverr: hvern all

kennings

hverr sá fleygir fannar fálka teiga
‘each distributor of the snow-drift of the falcon’s land ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

falcon’s land → ARM
the snow-drift of the of the ARM → SILVER
each distributor of the SILVER → GENEROUS MAN
Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

[1-3]: Kahle considers dólga the gen. pl. of dólg ‘enmity’ and associates it with líkn to create the phrase ‘forgiveness of enmity’. As Sperber points out, it seems more reasonable to regard var það líkn as an independent cl. and associate dólga (gen. pl. of dólgr ‘enemy’, viz. ‘heathen’) with dúcentí (so also Skj B and Skald). Dúcenti is from Lat. ducenti ‘two hundred’, not in LP.

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