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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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HSt Frag 1I

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2012, ‘Hallar-Steinn, Fragment 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 940.


text and translation

Tolf vas elds at aldri
ýsetrs hati vetra,
hraustr þás herskip glæsti
Hǫrða vinr ór Gǫrðum.
Hlóðu Hamðis klæðum
hjǫrva gnýs ok skýjum
hilmis menn sem hjǫlmum
hlýrvigg, en mól stýri.

{Hati {elds {ýsetrs}}} vas tolf vetra at aldri, þás {hraustr vinr Hǫrða} glæsti herskip ór Gǫrðum. Menn hilmis hlóðu {hlýrvigg} {klæðum Hamðis} ok {skýjum {gnýs hjǫrva}} sem hjǫlmum, en stýri mól.
‘The hater of the fire of the yew-bow’s rest [ARM/HAND > GOLD > GENEROUS MAN = Óláfr] was twelve winters in age when the bold friend of the Hǫrðar [NORWEGIAN KING = Óláfr] made his warships splendid on leaving Russia. The ruler’s men loaded the bows-steed [SHIP] with the garments of Hamðir <legendary hero> [ARMOUR] and clouds of the din of swords [BATTLE > SHIELDS] and likewise helmets, and the rudder pounded.

notes and context

Following a heading announcing the start of its account of Óláfr Tryggvason, the F narrative tells how Óláfr stays in Garðaríki (Russia) in great favour with King Valdamarr (Vladimir), who gives him command over an army sent to defend the land.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Hallfrøðr Óttarsson vandræðaskáld, 2. Óláfsdrápa 1: AI, 156, BI, 148, Skald I, 81; F 1871, 109; CPB II, 94.


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