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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hfr Hákdr 4III

Kate Heslop (ed.) 2017, ‘Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld Óttarsson, Hákonardrápa 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 219.

Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld ÓttarssonHákonardrápa

text and translation

Grams rúni lætr glymja
gunnríkr, hinns hvǫt líkar,
Hǫgna hamri slegnar
heiptbráðr of sik váðir.

{Gunnríkr rúni grams}, heiptbráðr, hinns líkar hvǫt, lætr {váðir Hǫgna}, slegnar hamri, glymja of sik.
‘The battle-powerful prince’s confidant [RULER], quick to enmity, the one who likes boldness, makes the clothes of Hǫgni <sea-king> [MAIL-SHIRT], pounded with the hammer, ring around him.

notes and context

Skm cites this helmingr as the first in a set of instances of ruler-kennings, here rúni grams ‘prince’s confidant’.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Hallfrøðr Óttarsson vandræðaskáld, 1. Hákonardrápa 7: AI, 156, BI, 148, Skald I, 81; SnE 1848-87, I, 460-1, II, 337, III, 93, SnE 1931, 163, SnE 1998, I, 81; Davidson 1983, 448, 475-8.


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