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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hfr Hákdr 1III

Kate Heslop (ed.) 2017, ‘Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld Óttarsson, Hákonardrápa 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 215.

Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld ÓttarssonHákonardrápa

text and translation

Askþollum stendr Ullar
austr at miklu trausti
rœkilundr inn ríki
randfárs brumaðr hári.

{Inn ríki rœkilundr {randfárs}}, brumaðr hári, stendr {{Ullar ask}þollum} at miklu trausti austr.
‘The mighty heeding-tree of shield-harm [SWORD > WARRIOR], budded with hair, stands in firm support of firs of Ullr’s <god’s> ship [(lit. ‘Ullr’s ship-firs’) SHIELD > WARRIORS] in the east.

notes and context

This helmingr is quoted in Skm in a series of examples of man-kennings with names for trees as base-words, here lundr ‘tree’.

The sg. warrior-kenning (rœkilundr randfárs ‘heeding-tree of shield-harm’) refers to the subject of the poem; so, presumably, Hákon jarl, while the reference to austr ‘east’ here indicates Norway (LP: 2 austr 1). The stanza shares much of its vocabulary with Eskál Vell 8I, redistributed around the helmingr in a witty recapitulation of Einarr’s stanza.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Hallfrøðr Óttarsson vandræðaskáld, 1. Hákonardrápa 1: AI, 155, BI, 147, Skald I, 80; SnE 1848-87, I, 414-15, II, 325, 436, 585, III, 75, SnE 1931, 147, SnE 1998, I, 65; Davidson 1983, 450, 516-19.


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