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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kálf Kátr 18VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Kálfr Hallsson, Kátrínardrápa 18’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 943.

Kálfr HallssonKátrínardrápa
171819

tæla ‘to entice’

tæla (verb): entice

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himna ‘of the heavens’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

mæta ambátt gætis himna;
‘the great handmaid of the guardian of the heavens; ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the guardian of the heavens; → God
the great handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
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himna ‘of the heavens’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

mæta ambátt gætis himna;
‘the great handmaid of the guardian of the heavens; ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the guardian of the heavens; → God
the great handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

gætis ‘of the guardian’

gætir (noun m.): guardian

kennings

mæta ambátt gætis himna;
‘the great handmaid of the guardian of the heavens; ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the guardian of the heavens; → God
the great handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

gætis ‘of the guardian’

gætir (noun m.): guardian

kennings

mæta ambátt gætis himna;
‘the great handmaid of the guardian of the heavens; ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the guardian of the heavens; → God
the great handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

ambátt ‘handmaid’

ambátt (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir/-ar (ambottor EiðKrA 391²²)): handmaid

kennings

mæta ambátt gætis himna;
‘the great handmaid of the guardian of the heavens; ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the guardian of the heavens; → God
the great handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
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mæta ‘the great’

mætr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr): honoured, respected

kennings

mæta ambátt gætis himna;
‘the great handmaid of the guardian of the heavens; ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the guardian of the heavens; → God
the great handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
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mýgir ‘the crusher’

mýgir (noun m.): oppressor

kennings

mýgir fannar lófa
‘the crusher of the snowdrift of the palm ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the snowdrift of the palm → SILVER
the crusher of the SILVER → GENEROUS MAN
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fljóði ‘maiden’

fljóð (noun n.): woman

Close

fannar ‘of the snowdrift’

fǫnn (noun f.): snow-drift

kennings

mýgir fannar lófa
‘the crusher of the snowdrift of the palm ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the snowdrift of the palm → SILVER
the crusher of the SILVER → GENEROUS MAN
Close

fannar ‘of the snowdrift’

fǫnn (noun f.): snow-drift

kennings

mýgir fannar lófa
‘the crusher of the snowdrift of the palm ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the snowdrift of the palm → SILVER
the crusher of the SILVER → GENEROUS MAN
Close

lófa ‘of the palm’

lófi (noun m.; °-a; -ar): palm of hand

kennings

mýgir fannar lófa
‘the crusher of the snowdrift of the palm ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the snowdrift of the palm → SILVER
the crusher of the SILVER → GENEROUS MAN
Close

lófa ‘of the palm’

lófi (noun m.; °-a; -ar): palm of hand

kennings

mýgir fannar lófa
‘the crusher of the snowdrift of the palm ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the snowdrift of the palm → SILVER
the crusher of the SILVER → GENEROUS MAN
Close

eiginmanni ‘husband’

eiginmaðr (noun m.): [husband]

Close

Allir ‘All’

allr (adj.): all

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odda ‘of swords’ points’

oddr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): point of weapon

kennings

spillir odda,
‘the destroyer of swords’ points ’
   = WARRIOR

the destroyer of swords’ points → WARRIOR
Close

spillir ‘the destroyer’

2. spillir (noun m.): destroyer

kennings

spillir odda,
‘the destroyer of swords’ points ’
   = WARRIOR

the destroyer of swords’ points → WARRIOR
Close

elda ‘of the fires’

eldr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar): fire

kennings

Lofn elda hnyssings teigs,
‘Lofn of the fires of the whale’s land, ’
   = WOMAN

the whale’s land, → SEA
the fires of the SEA → GOLD
Lofn of the GOLD → WOMAN
Close

elda ‘of the fires’

eldr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar): fire

kennings

Lofn elda hnyssings teigs,
‘Lofn of the fires of the whale’s land, ’
   = WOMAN

the whale’s land, → SEA
the fires of the SEA → GOLD
Lofn of the GOLD → WOMAN
Close

Lofn ‘Lofn’

Lofn (noun f.): Lofn

kennings

Lofn elda hnyssings teigs,
‘Lofn of the fires of the whale’s land, ’
   = WOMAN

the whale’s land, → SEA
the fires of the SEA → GOLD
Lofn of the GOLD → WOMAN
Close

heiðra ‘honour’

heiðra (verb): honour

Close

hnyssings ‘of the whale’s’

hnyssingr (noun m.): [whale]

kennings

Lofn elda hnyssings teigs,
‘Lofn of the fires of the whale’s land, ’
   = WOMAN

the whale’s land, → SEA
the fires of the SEA → GOLD
Lofn of the GOLD → WOMAN

notes

[8] hnyssings (m. gen. sg.) ‘whale, fish’: LP explains hnyssingr as ‘a kind of fish (whale?)’, rejecting Sperber’s suggestion that it is a derivative of hnoss ‘treasure’ and that hnyssings teigr ‘land of treasure’ = ‘hand’. In Sperber’s view, hnyssings teigs elda ‘hand of fire’ is a kenning for ‘gold’.

Close

hnyssings ‘of the whale’s’

hnyssingr (noun m.): [whale]

kennings

Lofn elda hnyssings teigs,
‘Lofn of the fires of the whale’s land, ’
   = WOMAN

the whale’s land, → SEA
the fires of the SEA → GOLD
Lofn of the GOLD → WOMAN

notes

[8] hnyssings (m. gen. sg.) ‘whale, fish’: LP explains hnyssingr as ‘a kind of fish (whale?)’, rejecting Sperber’s suggestion that it is a derivative of hnoss ‘treasure’ and that hnyssings teigr ‘land of treasure’ = ‘hand’. In Sperber’s view, hnyssings teigs elda ‘hand of fire’ is a kenning for ‘gold’.

Close

hnyssings ‘of the whale’s’

hnyssingr (noun m.): [whale]

kennings

Lofn elda hnyssings teigs,
‘Lofn of the fires of the whale’s land, ’
   = WOMAN

the whale’s land, → SEA
the fires of the SEA → GOLD
Lofn of the GOLD → WOMAN

notes

[8] hnyssings (m. gen. sg.) ‘whale, fish’: LP explains hnyssingr as ‘a kind of fish (whale?)’, rejecting Sperber’s suggestion that it is a derivative of hnoss ‘treasure’ and that hnyssings teigr ‘land of treasure’ = ‘hand’. In Sperber’s view, hnyssings teigs elda ‘hand of fire’ is a kenning for ‘gold’.

Close

teigs ‘land’

teigr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -/-i; -ar, acc. -a/-u): field, land

kennings

Lofn elda hnyssings teigs,
‘Lofn of the fires of the whale’s land, ’
   = WOMAN

the whale’s land, → SEA
the fires of the SEA → GOLD
Lofn of the GOLD → WOMAN
Close

teigs ‘land’

teigr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -/-i; -ar, acc. -a/-u): field, land

kennings

Lofn elda hnyssings teigs,
‘Lofn of the fires of the whale’s land, ’
   = WOMAN

the whale’s land, → SEA
the fires of the SEA → GOLD
Lofn of the GOLD → WOMAN
Close

teigs ‘land’

teigr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -/-i; -ar, acc. -a/-u): field, land

kennings

Lofn elda hnyssings teigs,
‘Lofn of the fires of the whale’s land, ’
   = WOMAN

the whale’s land, → SEA
the fires of the SEA → GOLD
Lofn of the GOLD → WOMAN
Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Maxentius’s offer of marriage to Catherine in the prose text gives detail about how his most skilful craftsmen will make an image of her which will be worshipped throughout his kingdom (Unger 1877, I, 408; Wolf 2003, 130).

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