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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hákg Lv 1I

R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Hákon inn góði Haraldsson, Lausavísa 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 153.

Hákon inn góði HaraldssonLausavísa1

launa ‘repay’

launa (verb): reward

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ǫrlum ‘’

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œxlum ‘let’s intensify’

2. œxla (verb): augment

[2] œxlum: ‘oxlom’ 51ˣ, 302ˣ, ‘ǫxlum’ FskBˣ, FskAˣ, 301ˣ, ‘ø̨rlum’ 52ˣ

notes

[2] œxlum ‘let’s intensify’: A minimal emendation is required, since in the orthography of the mss none of the graphs strictly equates to normalised <œ>, and 52ˣ is clearly in error. The verb œxla ‘to intensify, cause to increase’ frequently occurs with objects referring to battle (see LP: œxla).

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slyt ‘’

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styr ‘conflict’

styrr (noun m.; °dat. -): battle

[2] styr: ‘slyt’ FskBˣ

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hríð ‘the storm’

hríð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): time, storm

kennings

hríð klæða Hamðis
‘the storm of the clothes of Hamðir ’
   = BATTLE

the clothes of Hamðir → MAIL-SHIRTS
the storm of MAIL-SHIRTS → BATTLE
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hamfðes ‘’

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Hamðis ‘of Hamðir’

Hamðir (noun m.): Hamðir

[3] Hamðis: ‘hamfðes’ FskAˣ, 52ˣ, 301ˣ

kennings

hríð klæða Hamðis
‘the storm of the clothes of Hamðir ’
   = BATTLE

the clothes of Hamðir → MAIL-SHIRTS
the storm of MAIL-SHIRTS → BATTLE
Close

Hamðis ‘of Hamðir’

Hamðir (noun m.): Hamðir

[3] Hamðis: ‘hamfðes’ FskAˣ, 52ˣ, 301ˣ

kennings

hríð klæða Hamðis
‘the storm of the clothes of Hamðir ’
   = BATTLE

the clothes of Hamðir → MAIL-SHIRTS
the storm of MAIL-SHIRTS → BATTLE
Close

klæða ‘of the clothes’

klæði (noun n.; °-s; -): clothes

kennings

hríð klæða Hamðis
‘the storm of the clothes of Hamðir ’
   = BATTLE

the clothes of Hamðir → MAIL-SHIRTS
the storm of MAIL-SHIRTS → BATTLE
Close

klæða ‘of the clothes’

klæði (noun n.; °-s; -): clothes

kennings

hríð klæða Hamðis
‘the storm of the clothes of Hamðir ’
   = BATTLE

the clothes of Hamðir → MAIL-SHIRTS
the storm of MAIL-SHIRTS → BATTLE
Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

As the battle of Fitjar is about to commence, the king is said to deliver this helmingr in response to one by Eyvindr skáldaspillir (Eyv Lv 3, q. v.). The following prose in Fsk holds these stanzas up as evidence of the king’s fearlessness before the battle.

[1]: Cf. Kali Lv 1/1II Hvé launa þér þínir.

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