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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kálf Kátr 16VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Kálfr Hallsson, Kátrínardrápa 16’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 942.

Kálfr HallssonKátrínardrápa
151617

blessað ‘blessed’

blessa (verb): bless

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allri ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

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ei ‘Neither’

3. ei (adv.): not

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hrannar ‘of the wave’

hrǫnn (noun f.; °; dat. -um): wave

kennings

viðum bliks hrannar;
‘the woods of the gleam of the wave; ’
   = MEN

the gleam of the wave; → GOLD
the woods of the GOLD → MEN
Close

hrannar ‘of the wave’

hrǫnn (noun f.; °; dat. -um): wave

kennings

viðum bliks hrannar;
‘the woods of the gleam of the wave; ’
   = MEN

the gleam of the wave; → GOLD
the woods of the GOLD → MEN
Close

bliks ‘of the gleam’

blik (noun n.): gleam

kennings

viðum bliks hrannar;
‘the woods of the gleam of the wave; ’
   = MEN

the gleam of the wave; → GOLD
the woods of the GOLD → MEN
Close

bliks ‘of the gleam’

blik (noun n.): gleam

kennings

viðum bliks hrannar;
‘the woods of the gleam of the wave; ’
   = MEN

the gleam of the wave; → GOLD
the woods of the GOLD → MEN
Close

viðum ‘the woods’

1. viðr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -u/-i): wood, tree

[6] viðum: viði all

kennings

viðum bliks hrannar;
‘the woods of the gleam of the wave; ’
   = MEN

the gleam of the wave; → GOLD
the woods of the GOLD → MEN
Close

ýtendr ‘the launchers’

ýtandi (noun m.): giver, launcher

kennings

ýtendr fress öldu
‘the launchers of the bear of the wave ’
   = SEAFARERS

the bear of the wave → SHIP
the launchers of the SHIP → SEAFARERS
Close

eingla ‘of angels’

1. engill (noun m.; °engils; englar): angel

kennings

gæti eingla
‘the guardian of angels ’
   = God

the guardian of angels → God
Close

gæti ‘the guardian’

gætir (noun m.): guardian

kennings

gæti eingla
‘the guardian of angels ’
   = God

the guardian of angels → God
Close

öldu ‘of the wave’

aldr (noun m.; °aldrs, dat. aldri; aldrar): life, age

kennings

ýtendr fress öldu
‘the launchers of the bear of the wave ’
   = SEAFARERS

the bear of the wave → SHIP
the launchers of the SHIP → SEAFARERS
Close

öldu ‘of the wave’

aldr (noun m.; °aldrs, dat. aldri; aldrar): life, age

kennings

ýtendr fress öldu
‘the launchers of the bear of the wave ’
   = SEAFARERS

the bear of the wave → SHIP
the launchers of the SHIP → SEAFARERS
Close

fress ‘of the bear’

fress (noun m.; °; gen. -a): [bear, snarler]

kennings

ýtendr fress öldu
‘the launchers of the bear of the wave ’
   = SEAFARERS

the bear of the wave → SHIP
the launchers of the SHIP → SEAFARERS
Close

fress ‘of the bear’

fress (noun m.; °; gen. -a): [bear, snarler]

kennings

ýtendr fress öldu
‘the launchers of the bear of the wave ’
   = SEAFARERS

the bear of the wave → SHIP
the launchers of the SHIP → SEAFARERS
Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

In the prose text the martyrdom of the wise men is preceded by lengthy dialogue between them and Catherine; details of their corpses’ invulnerability to fire are the same in both texts (Unger 1877, I, 407; Wolf 2003, 130): ...ok fundu likami þeira oskadda, sva at eigi var helldr brunnit hárit af þeim en annat ‘...and they found their bodies unscathed, so that neither their hair nor anything else of them was burnt’.

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