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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Refr Þorst 2III

Edith Marold (ed.) 2017, ‘Hofgarða-Refr Gestsson, From a poem about Þorsteinn 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 251.

Hofgarða-Refr GestssonFrom a poem about Þorsteinn

text and translation

Alls bǫðgœðis bjóða
— bǫrr ræðr til þess hjǫrva —
ógnstǫðvar hefk ægi
einráðit Þórsteini.

Alls hefk einráðit bjóða Þórsteini {ægi {ógnstǫðvar} {bǫðgœðis}}; {bǫrr hjǫrva} ræðr til þess.
‘Since I have decided to offer Þorsteinn the ocean of the terror-place [BREAST] of the battle-promoter [= Óðinn > POEM]; the tree of swords [WARRIOR] [I] begins to work on this.

notes and context

The helmingr is quoted in SnE (Skm) and LaufE among stanzas containing kennings for ‘man’.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Hofgarða-Refr Gestsson, 3. Af et digt om en Þórsteinn 2: AI, 320, BI, 296, Skald I, 150; SnE 1848-87, I, 416-17, II, 326, 437, III, 76-7, SnE 1931, 148, SnE 1998, I, 66; LaufE 1979, 373-4.


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