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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Refr Ferðv 1III

Edith Marold (ed.) 2017, ‘Hofgarða-Refr Gestsson, Ferðavísur 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 244.

Hofgarða-Refr GestssonFerðavísur

text and translation

Vágþrýsta berr vestan
— vættik lands fyr brandi —
— hvalmœni skefr — húna
hógdýr of lǫg bógu.

{Hógdýr húna} berr vágþrýsta bógu vestan of lǫg; skefr {hvalmœni}; vættik lands fyr brandi.
‘The gentle animal of mast-tops [SHIP] carries its wave-pressed shoulders over the sea from the west; it scrapes the whale-ridge [SEA]; I expect land before the prow.

notes and context

This stanza is cited in Skm (SnE) among stanzas exemplifying sea-kennings.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Hofgarða-Refr Gestsson, 4. Et rejsedigt 1: AI, 320, BI, 296, Skald I, 151; SnE 1848-87, I, 324-5, II, 316, 529, III, 51, SnE 1931, 116, SnE 1998, I, 37.


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