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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kálf Kátr 10VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Kálfr Hallsson, Kátrínardrápa 10’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 938.

Kálfr HallssonKátrínardrápa
91011

Jésús ‘Jesus’

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Jésús (noun m.): Jesus

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Kristr ‘Christ’

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Kristr (noun m.; °-s/-, dat. -i; -ar): Christ

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dýrka ‘worship’

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dýrka (verb; °-að-): glorify, worship

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kvað ‘spoke’

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2. kveðja (verb): say, greet

[2] kvað: so 399a‑bˣ, 920ˣ, ‘ku[...]’ 713

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falda ‘of headdresses’

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faldr (noun m.; °; -ar): headdress

kennings

Nanna falda,
‘the Nanna of headdresses, ’
   = WOMAN

the Nanna of headdresses, → WOMAN
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Nanna ‘the Nanna’

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Nanna (noun f.): Nanna

kennings

Nanna falda,
‘the Nanna of headdresses, ’
   = WOMAN

the Nanna of headdresses, → WOMAN
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föður ‘Father’

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faðir (noun m.): father

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og ‘and’

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3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

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frá ‘from’

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frá (prep.): from

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leiða ‘to remove’

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2. leiða (verb; -dd): lead; (-sk) grow tired

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tál ‘deceit’

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1. tál (noun f.; °-ar; -ar): deceit

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og ‘and’

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3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

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anda ‘Spirit’

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andi (noun m.; °-a; -ar): spirit, soul

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Skíraz ‘be baptised’

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skíra (verb): baptise, purify

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láttu ‘Let’

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láta (verb): let, have sth done

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skatna ‘of men’

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skati (noun m.; °-a; -nar): chieftan, prince

kennings

stýrir skatna’,
‘ruler of men’, ’
   = KING

ruler of men’, → KING
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stýrir ‘ruler’

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stýrir (noun m.): ruler, controller

kennings

stýrir skatna’,
‘ruler of men’, ’
   = KING

ruler of men’, → KING
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skorð ‘the prop’

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skorð (noun f.): prop

kennings

skorð borða
‘the prop of embroidery ’
   = WOMAN

the prop of embroidery → WOMAN

notes

[6] skorð borða ‘the prop of embroidery’: LP: borð, n. ‘board, plank, table’, lists the kenning vizku skorð borða ‘the wise woman’; so Skj B. Sperber and Kock (NN §1776) believe that borða is gen. sg. of borði, m. ‘textile, fabric, tapestry, embroidery’, and that vizku, dat. sg. of vizka, f. ‘wisdom’, serves as a modal dat. (‘with wisdom’). That interpretation is adopted here.

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mælti ‘spoke’

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1. mæla (verb): speak, say

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vizku ‘with wisdom’

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vizka (noun f.; °-u): wisdom

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borða ‘of embroidery’

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borði (noun m.; °-a; -ar): embroidery

kennings

skorð borða
‘the prop of embroidery ’
   = WOMAN

the prop of embroidery → WOMAN

notes

[6] skorð borða ‘the prop of embroidery’: LP: borð, n. ‘board, plank, table’, lists the kenning vizku skorð borða ‘the wise woman’; so Skj B. Sperber and Kock (NN §1776) believe that borða is gen. sg. of borði, m. ‘textile, fabric, tapestry, embroidery’, and that vizku, dat. sg. of vizka, f. ‘wisdom’, serves as a modal dat. (‘with wisdom’). That interpretation is adopted here.

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leyndar ‘hidden’

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1. leyna (verb): hide, conceal

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skaltu ‘you must’

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skulu (verb): shall, should, must

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lýsa ‘proclaim’

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2. lýsa (verb): illuminate, show

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syndir ‘sins’

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synð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): sin

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lærðri ‘learned’

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2. læra (verb): learned

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en ‘and’

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2. en (conj.): but, and

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kasta ‘cast off’

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1. kasta (verb): throw

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flærðum ‘falsehood’

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flærð (noun f.): falsehood, deceit

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