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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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GullásÞ Lv 1II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Gullásu-Þórðr, Lausavísa 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 471-2.

Gullásu-ÞórðrLausavísa1

tekr ‘begins’

2. taka (verb): take

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ýgr ‘the fierce’

2. ýgr (adj.): fierce

notes

[1, 2] ýgr ofkúgi ‘fierce oppressor’: I.e. Ingimarr Sveinsson. He is described as inn mesti ofsamaðr ‘the most ruthless man’ (ÍF 11, 342). Ingimarr died at the battle of Färlev in 1134 (see Ingimarr Biography and Lv). Skj B and Skald give the form ofrkúgi ‘oppressor’ (l. 2; so 518ˣ), but that is not warranted by the majority of ms. witnesses. See also Balti Sigdr 1/7 and LP: ofkúgi, ofrkúgi.

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œgja ‘frighten’

œgja (verb): terrify

[1] œgja: ‘ygia’ 518ˣ

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of ‘oppressor’

4. of (particle): (before verb) < ofkúgi (noun m.): [oppressor]

[2] of‑: ‘ofur‑’ 518ˣ

notes

[1, 2] ýgr ofkúgi ‘fierce oppressor’: I.e. Ingimarr Sveinsson. He is described as inn mesti ofsamaðr ‘the most ruthless man’ (ÍF 11, 342). Ingimarr died at the battle of Färlev in 1134 (see Ingimarr Biography and Lv). Skj B and Skald give the form ofrkúgi ‘oppressor’ (l. 2; so 518ˣ), but that is not warranted by the majority of ms. witnesses. See also Balti Sigdr 1/7 and LP: ofkúgi, ofrkúgi.

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kúgi ‘’

Kúgi (noun m.; °-a): Kúgi < ofkúgi (noun m.): [oppressor]

[2] ‑kúgi (‘‑kuginn’): ‑kúgan Hr

notes

[1, 2] ýgr ofkúgi ‘fierce oppressor’: I.e. Ingimarr Sveinsson. He is described as inn mesti ofsamaðr ‘the most ruthless man’ (ÍF 11, 342). Ingimarr died at the battle of Färlev in 1134 (see Ingimarr Biography and Lv). Skj B and Skald give the form ofrkúgi ‘oppressor’ (l. 2; so 518ˣ), but that is not warranted by the majority of ms. witnesses. See also Balti Sigdr 1/7 and LP: ofkúgi, ofrkúgi.

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þinn ‘your’

þinn (pron.; °f. þín, n. þitt): your

[3] þinn hefr hǫlðr of hlannat: ‘þui mun reckur of hlunar’ 518ˣ

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hefr ‘has’

hafa (verb): have

[3] þinn hefr hǫlðr of hlannat: ‘þui mun reckur of hlunar’ 518ˣ

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hǫlðr ‘man’

hǫlðr (noun m.; °-s; -ar): man

[3] þinn hefr hǫlðr of hlannat: ‘þui mun reckur of hlunar’ 518ˣ

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of ‘’

4. of (particle): (before verb)

[3] þinn hefr hǫlðr of hlannat: ‘þui mun reckur of hlunar’ 518ˣ

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hlannat ‘stolen’

hlanna (verb): steal

[3] þinn hefr hǫlðr of hlannat: ‘þui mun reckur of hlunar’ 518ˣ;    hlannat: ‘hlammat’ Hr

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hjaldrgegninn ‘pugnacious’

hjaldrgegninn (adj./verb p.p.): [pugnacious]

[4] hjaldrgegninn mik tjaldi: ‘hialldur geinginn mar tiallder’ 518ˣ

notes

[4] hjaldrgegninn ‘pugnacious’: This adj. can either be m. acc. sg. or m. nom. sg. Skj B takes it as an acc. qualifying mik (m. acc. sg.) ‘me’, but Kock (NN §920) argues that, from the point of view of w. o., it ought to modify the subject þinn hǫlðr ‘your man’ (so also ÍF 11). The argument based on w. o. is untenable, because the adj. could equally well qualify the word in metrical position 4 (mik) in ll. of this type (see Gade 1995a, 79-82). In terms of the context, however, it makes sense to follow Kock’s recommendation because Þórðr is a peaceful merchant and presents himself as the wronged party in this st.

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mik ‘from me’

ek (pron.; °mín, dat. mér, acc. mik): I, me

[4] hjaldrgegninn mik tjaldi: ‘hialldur geinginn mar tiallder’ 518ˣ

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tjaldi ‘the awning’

tjald (noun n.; °-s; *-): tent, awning

[4] hjaldrgegninn mik tjaldi: ‘hialldur geinginn mar tiallder’ 518ˣ

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Trautt ‘reluctant’

trauðr (adj.): reluctant

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linn ‘of the snake’

linnr (noun m.): snake < linnból (noun n.): [snake-lair]

[6] linn‑: so Hr, 518ˣ, lind‑ Mork, H

kennings

Gjafi linnbóls,
‘Bestower of the snake-lair, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the snake-lair, → GOLD
Bestower of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
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linn ‘of the snake’

linnr (noun m.): snake < linnból (noun n.): [snake-lair]

[6] linn‑: so Hr, 518ˣ, lind‑ Mork, H

kennings

Gjafi linnbóls,
‘Bestower of the snake-lair, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the snake-lair, → GOLD
Bestower of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
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bóls ‘lair’

ból (noun n.; °-s; -): dwelling < linnból (noun n.): [snake-lair]

[6] ‑bóls: ‘‑kols’ 518ˣ

kennings

Gjafi linnbóls,
‘Bestower of the snake-lair, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the snake-lair, → GOLD
Bestower of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
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bóls ‘lair’

ból (noun n.; °-s; -): dwelling < linnból (noun n.): [snake-lair]

[6] ‑bóls: ‘‑kols’ 518ˣ

kennings

Gjafi linnbóls,
‘Bestower of the snake-lair, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the snake-lair, → GOLD
Bestower of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
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gjafi ‘Bestower’

gjafi (noun m.): giver

[6] gjafi: ‘giafur’ 518ˣ

kennings

Gjafi linnbóls,
‘Bestower of the snake-lair, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the snake-lair, → GOLD
Bestower of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
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at ‘this’

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þótt ‘although’

þótt (conj.): although

[7] þótt: þó Hr

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mín ‘my’

minn (pron.; °f. mín, n. mitt): my

[8] mín: ‘þyn’ 518ˣ

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und ‘upon’

3. und (prep.): under, underneath

[8] und: so H, um Mork, undir Hr, of 518ˣ

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þínum ‘decision’

þinn (pron.; °f. þín, n. þitt): your

[8] þínum: ‘mynum’ 518ˣ

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

A servant of the district chieftain Ingimarr Sveinsson (Ingimarr) has stolen the awning from Þórðr’s ship. Þórðr captures the thief, Ingimarr demands that Þórðr release him and Þórðr recites this st. in response.

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